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American Academy of Arts and Sciences

PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATION

Founded in 1780.

Official Website:
http://www.amacad.org/

Founding Date:
1780

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Edward P. Abraham
Chemist
10-Jun-1913 8-May-1999 Cephalosporins
Shirley S. Abrahamson
Judge
17-Dec-1933   Wisconsin Chief Justice
Floyd Abrams
Attorney
9-Jul-1936   First Amendment lawyer
Alexei A. Abrikosov
Physicist
25-Jun-1928   Particle physicist, explored superconductivity
Dean Acheson
Government
11-Apr-1893 12-Oct-1971 US Secretary of State, 1949-53
Edward G. Acheson
Inventor
9-Mar-1856 6-Jul-1931 Discovered silicon carbide
Bruce Ackerman
Scholar
19-Aug-1943   We the People
H. Gardner Ackley
Economist
30-Jun-1915 12-Feb-1998 US Ambassador to Italy, 1968-69
Ansel Adams
Photographer
20-Feb-1902 22-Apr-1984 Yosemite photographer
Charles Francis Adams IV
Business
2-May-1910 5-Jan-1999 Former president of Raytheon
Peter Agre
Biologist
30-Jan-1949   Water channels of cell membranes
George A. Akerlof
Economist
17-Jun-1940   Asymmetric markets
Alan Alda
Actor
28-Jan-1936   Capt. Hawkeye Pierce on M*A*S*H
Christopher Alexander
Architect
4-Oct-1936   A Pattern Language, The Nature of Order
Hannes Alfvén
Physicist
30-May-1908 2-Apr-1995 Renegade Swedish astrophysicist
Sidney Altman
Chemist
7-May-1939   Proved enzyme role of RNA
Luis W. Alvarez
Physicist
13-Jun-1911 1-Sep-1988 Particle accelerator, extinction of dinosaurs
Christiane Amanpour
Journalist
12-Jan-1958   Host of ABC's This Week
Carl David Anderson
Physicist
3-Sep-1905 11-Jan-1991 Discovered the positron, mu-meson
Philip W. Anderson
Physicist
13-Dec-1923   Solid state physics
Charles McLean Andrews
Historian
22-Feb-1863 9-Sep-1943 The Colonial Period of American History
Leonore Annenberg
Socialite
20-Feb-1918 12-Mar-2009 Wife of Walter Annenberg
Walter Annenberg
Business
13-Mar-1908 1-Oct-2002 Media mogul, created TV Guide
Daniel I. Arnon
Biologist
14-Nov-1910 20-Dec-1994 Photophosphorylation
Kenneth J. Arrow
Economist
23-Aug-1921   Social Choice and Individual Values
Norman Augustine
Business
27-Jul-1935   CEO of Martin Marietta, 1996-97
Robert J. Aumann
Economist
8-Jun-1930   Game theorist
Dennis A. Ausiello
Doctor
c. 1945   Massachusetts General Hospital
Richard Axel
Scientist
2-Jul-1946   Odorant receptors and olfactory organization
Julius Axelrod
Chemist
30-May-1912 29-Dec-2004 Research of neurotransmitters
Milton Babbitt
Composer
10-May-1916 29-Jan-2011 Music for Synthesizer
Horace W. Babcock
Astronomer
13-Sep-1912 29-Aug-2003 Adaptive optics and the Babcock Model
Lawrence S. Bacow
Educator
c. 1950   President, Tufts University
Elizabeth E. Bailey
Educator
1938   Professor, the Wharton School
Kenneth Bainbridge
Physicist
27-Jul-1904 14-Jul-1996 Director of the Trinity atomic test
David Baltimore
Biologist
7-Mar-1938   Co-Discoverer, reverse transcriptase
Albert Bandura
Psychologist
4-Dec-1925   Bobo doll experiments
Percy N. Barnevik
Business
13-Feb-1941   CEO of ABB, 1988-96
John Bartlett
Author
14-Jun-1820 3-Dec-1905 Bartlett's Familiar Quotations
Derek Barton
Chemist
8-Sep-1918 16-Mar-1998 Conformational analysis
Jacqueline K. Barton
Chemist
7-May-1952   Professor of Chemistry at CalTech
Jacques Barzun
Historian
30-Nov-1907   From Dawn to Decadence
Walter Jackson Bate
Critic
23-May-1918 26-Jul-1999 Samuel Johnson
Lucian A. Bebchuk
Educator
c. 1955   Corporate governance scholar
Riley P. Bechtel
Business
c. 1952   CEO of Bechtel
Carl Becker
Historian
7-Sep-1873 10-Apr-1945 Everyman His Own Historian
Gary S. Becker
Economist
2-Dec-1930   Human Capital
Alexander Graham Bell
Inventor
3-Mar-1847 2-Aug-1922 Inventor of the telephone
Daniel Bell
Sociologist
10-May-1919 25-Jan-2011 The End of Ideology
Baruj Benacerraf
Scientist
29-Oct-1920 2-Aug-2011 Gene control of HLA antigens
Frank A. Bennack, Jr.
Business
12-Feb-1933   CEO of Hearst, 1979-2002
Robert M. Berdahl
Educator
15-Mar-1937   Chancellor of UC Berkeley, 1997-2004
Paul Berg
Chemist
30-Jun-1926   Pioneer in recombinant DNA
Sune K. Bergström
Scientist
10-Jan-1916 15-Aug-2004 Prostaglandins
Isaiah Berlin
Philosopher
6-Jun-1909 5-Nov-1997 The Hedgehog and the Fox
Ben Bernanke
Economist
13-Dec-1953   Federal Reserve Chairman
Tim Berners-Lee
Computer Programmer
8-Jun-1955   Inventor of the World Wide Web
Lipman Bers
Mathematician
22-May-1914 29-Oct-1993 Riemann surfaces
Catherine Bertini
Administrator
31-Mar-1950   World Food Programme, 1992-2002
Bruno Bettelheim
Psychologist
28-Aug-1903 13-Mar-1990 Fraudulent child psychologist
Jacob Bigelow
Botanist
27-Feb-1787 10-Jan-1879 American Medical Botany
John H. Biggs
Business
19-Jul-1936   CEO of TIAA-CREF, 1993-2002
James Billington
Historian
1-Jun-1929   13th Librarian of Congress
Robert J. Birgeneau
Educator
1942   Chancellor, UC Berkeley
John P. Birkelund
Business
23-Jun-1930   Chairman of Dillon Read, 1986-98
George David Birkhoff
Mathematician
21-Mar-1884 12-Nov-1944 Modern theory of dynamical systems
J. Michael Bishop
Scientist
22-Feb-1936   Genetic causes of cancer
Elizabeth H. Blackburn
Scientist
26-Nov-1948   Co-Discoverer of telomerase
David H. Blackwell
Mathematician
24-Apr-1919 8-Jul-2010 Bayesian statistics
Rebecca M. Blank
Economist
19-Sep-1955   Council of Economic Advisers, 1998-99
Alan S. Blinder
Economist
14-Oct-1945   Vice Chairman, Federal Reserve
Felix Bloch
Physicist
23-Oct-1905 10-Sep-1983 Nuclear magnetic resonance
Konrad Bloch
Scientist
21-Jan-1912 15-Oct-2000 Cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism
Gene D. Block
Educator
c. 1948   Chancellor, UCLA
Nicolaas Bloembergen
Physicist
11-Mar-1920   Nonlinear optics
Harold Bloom
Critic
11-Jul-1930   Literary critic, Yale professor
Michael Bloomberg
Politician
14-Feb-1942   Mayor of New York City
Samuel Bodman
Government
26-Nov-1938   US Secretary of Energy
Aage N. Bohr
Physicist
19-Jun-1922 8-Sep-2009 Determined shapes of nuclei
Niels Bohr
Physicist
7-Oct-1885 18-Nov-1962 Father of Quantum Theory
Lee C. Bollinger
Educator
c. 1946   President of Columbia University
Wayne C. Booth
Critic
22-Feb-1921 10-Oct-2005 The Rhetoric of Fiction
Edwin G. Boring
Psychologist
23-Oct-1886 1-Jul-1968 A History of Experimental Psychology
Stephen W. Bosworth
Diplomat
4-Dec-1939   US Ambassador to South Korea, 1997-2000
Kenneth E. Boulding
Economist
18-Jan-1910 18-Mar-1993 The Image: Knowledge of Life in Society
Louise Bourgeois
Sculptor
25-Dec-1911 31-May-2010 Crouching Spider
Nathaniel Bowditch
Astronomer
26-Mar-1773 17-Mar-1838 American Practical Navigator
H. Kent Bowen
Educator
c. 1941   Baker Foundation Professor at HBS
Ira S. Bowen
Astronomer
21-Dec-1898 6-Feb-1973 Debunked nebulium
William G. Bowen
Educator
6-Oct-1933   President, Princeton University, 1972-88
George Box
Mathematician
18-Oct-1919   Statistician at University of Wisconsin
Herbert W. Boyer
Biologist
10-Jul-1936   Recombinant DNA, first synthetic insulin
Paul D. Boyer
Chemist
31-Jul-1918   ATP process
John Brademas
Politician
2-Mar-1927   Congressman from Indiana, 1959-81
Walter H. Brattain
Physicist
10-Feb-1902 13-Oct-1987 Co-Inventor of the transistor
Gregory Breit
Physicist
14-Jul-1899 11-Sep-1981 Proton-proton dispersion
Stephen Breyer
Judge
15-Aug-1938   US Supreme Court Justice
Percy Williams Bridgman
Physicist
21-Apr-1882 20-Aug-1961 High-pressure physics
Sergey Brin
Business
21-Aug-1973   Co-Founder of Google
Bertram N. Brockhouse
Physicist
15-Jul-1918 13-Oct-2003 Triple-axis crystal spectrometry
Richard H. Brodhead
Educator
1947   President, Duke University
William R. Brody
Educator
4-Jan-1944   President, Salk Institute
Tom Brokaw
Journalist
6-Feb-1940   Former anchor, NBC Nightly News
David Brooks
Columnist
11-Aug-1961   Shields and Brooks
Fred Brooks
Computer Programmer
19-Apr-1931   Father of the IBM System 360
Dirk Brouwer
Astronomer
1-Sep-1902 31-Jan-1966 Celestial mechanics
Herbert C. Brown
Chemist
22-May-1912 19-Dec-2004 Discovered organoboranes
Michael S. Brown
Biologist
13-Apr-1941   Metabolism of cholesterol
Robert A. Brown
Educator
22-Jul-1951   President, Boston University
John Browne
Business
20-Feb-1948   CEO of British Petroleum, 1995-2007
Charles F. Brush
Inventor
17-Mar-1849 15-Jun-1929 Street lights
Robert Brustein
Educator
21-Apr-1927   Founder, American Reportory Theatre
Louise H. Bryson
Business
c. 1944   Chairman of Getty Trust
Zbigniew Brzezinski
Government
28-Mar-1928   National Security Advisor, 1977-81
James M. Buchanan
Economist
2-Oct-1919   Public Choice Theory
Linda B. Buck
Biologist
29-Jan-1947   Odorant receptors and olfactory organization
Warren Buffett
Business
30-Aug-1930   Billionaire in Omaha
Mac Bundy
Government
30-Mar-1919 16-Sep-1996 National Security Advisor, 1961-66
Ellsworth Bunker
Diplomat
11-May-1894 30-Sep-1984 US Ambassador to South Vietnam, 1967-73
Walter Dean Burnham
Scholar
1930   Democracy in the Making
George H.W. Bush
Head of State
12-Jun-1924   41st US President, 1989-93
Vannevar Bush
Scientist
11-Mar-1890 30-Jun-1974 Pre-internet visionary
Caroline Bynum
Historian
1941   Medieval historian
James Branch Cabell
Novelist
14-Apr-1879 5-May-1958 Jurgen, A Comedy of Justice
José A. Cabranes
Judge
22-Dec-1940   2nd Circuit Court of Appeals
John Cage
Composer
5-Sep-1912 12-Aug-1992 Experimental composer
Melvin Calvin
Chemist
8-Apr-1911 8-Jan-1997 Deciphered photosynthesis
William W. Campbell
Astronomer
11-Apr-1862 14-Jun-1938 Stellar Motions
Albert Camus
Novelist
7-Nov-1913 4-Jan-1960 French author and Nobel laureate
Claude R. Canizares
Physicist
1945   Bruno Rossi Professor of Physics
Nancy Cantor
Educator
c. 1952   Chancellor, Syracuse University
Leonard Carmichael
Educator
9-Nov-1898 16-Sep-1973 Smithsonian Chief, 1953-64
Rachel Carson
Scientist
27-May-1907 14-Apr-1964 Mother of the environmental movement
Henri Cartan
Mathematician
8-Jul-1904 13-Aug-2008 Leader of the math Bourbakistes
Gerhard Casper
Educator
25-Dec-1937   President of Stanford University, 1992-2000
James McKeen Cattell
Psychologist
24-May-1860 20-Jan-1944 Academic freedom
Thomas R. Cech
Chemist
8-Dec-1947   Proved enzyme role of RNA
Vint Cerf
Scientist
23-Jun-1943   Co-Designed Internet's TCP-IP protocol
Owen Chamberlain
Physicist
10-Jul-1920 28-Feb-2006 Co-Discoverer of the antiproton
Robert F. Chandler
Educator
22-Jun-1907 23-Mar-1999 International Rice Research Institute
Erwin Chargaff
Biologist
11-Aug-1905 20-Jun-2002 Biochemist at Columbia University
Jule Charney
Scientist
1-Jan-1917 16-Jun-1981 Quasi-gesotrophic theory
Kenneth Chenault
Business
2-Jun-1951   CEO of American Express
Noam Chomsky
Linguist
7-Dec-1928   Linguist, dissident intellectual
Carol T. Christ
Educator
21-May-1944   President, Smith College
Warren Christopher
Government
27-Oct-1925 18-Mar-2011 US Secretary of State, 1993-97
Steven Chu
Physicist
28-Feb-1948   US Secretary of Energy
Alonzo Church
Mathematician
14-Jun-1903 11-Aug-1995 Lambda calculus, Church-Turing thesis
John Ciardi
Poet
24-Jun-1916 30-Mar-1986 How Does a Poem Mean?
Alvan Clark
Astronomer
8-Mar-1804 19-Aug-1887 Telescope maker
Joseph Sill Clark
Politician
21-Oct-1901 21-Jan-1990 US Senator from Pennsylvania, 1956-69
Bill Clinton
Head of State
19-Aug-1946   42nd US President, 1993-2001
William K. Coblentz
Attorney
28-Jul-1922 13-Sep-2010 Coblentz, Patch, Duffy & Bass
Stanley Cohen
Scientist
17-Nov-1922   Nerve and skin cell growth factors
Stanley N. Cohen
Biologist
17-Feb-1935   Recombinant DNA
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
Physicist
1-Apr-1933   Trapped atoms with laser light
Johnnetta B. Cole
Educator
19-Oct-1936   President of Spelman College, 1987-97
James S. Coleman
Sociologist
12-May-1926 25-Mar-1995 Foundations of Social Theory
Lewis W. Coleman
Business
c. 1943   President, Dreamworks Animation SKG
Mary Sue Coleman
Educator
2-Oct-1943   President, University of Michigan
Samuel C. Collins
Chemist
28-Dec-1898 19-Jun-1984 Collins-type cryocooler
James B. Conant
Educator
26-Mar-1893 11-Feb-1978 President of Harvard, 1933-53
Edward Condon
Physicist
2-Mar-1902 26-Mar-1974 Quantum Mechanics
George Conrades
Business
c. 1939   CEO of Akamai, 1999-2005
William D. Coolidge
Physicist
23-Oct-1873 4-Feb-1975 Tungsten filaments and Coolidge tubes
Leon N. Cooper
Physicist
28-Feb-1930   BCS Theory of Superconductivity
Francis Ford Coppola
Film Director
7-Apr-1939   The Godfather
Elias James Corey
Chemist
12-Jul-1928   Retrosynthetic analysis
George Henry Corliss
Inventor
2-Jun-1817 21-Feb-1888 Corliss valve and steam engines
Allan M. Cormack
Physicist
23-Feb-1924 7-May-1998 Computerized axial tomography (CAT scans)
F. Albert Cotton
Chemist
9-Apr-1930 20-Feb-2007 Metal-metal bonds
George A. Cowan
Physicist
15-Feb-1920 20-Apr-2012 Founder, Santa Fe Institute
Scott S. Cowen
Educator
c. 1946   President, Tulane University
Donald J. Cram
Chemist
22-Apr-1919 17-Jun-2001 Synthesis of molecules
James W. Cronin
Physicist
29-Sep-1931   Time not necessarily reversible
Walter Cronkite
Journalist
4-Nov-1916 17-Jul-2009 America's most trusted newscaster
Paul J. Crutzen
Physicist
3-Dec-1933   Ozone depletion
Robert F. Curl, Jr.
Chemist
23-Aug-1933   Co-Discovered fullerines
Harvey Cushing
Doctor
8-Apr-1869 7-Oct-1939 Cushing's Syndrome
Robert Cutler
Government
12-Jun-1895 8-May-1974 1950s National Security Advisor
Guy Davenport
Author
23-Nov-1927 4-Jan-2005 Thasos and Ohio
Drew S. Days III
Government
1941   US Solicitor General, 1993-96
Mark Dean
Engineer
2-Mar-1957   Computer architecture
Gerard Debreu
Economist
4-Jul-1921 31-Dec-2004 Supply and demand theorist
John J. DeGioia
Educator
1957   President, Georgetown University
Margaret Deland
Author
23-Feb-1857 13-Jan-1945 Old Chester Tales
Max Delbrück
Scientist
4-Sep-1906 10-Mar-1981 Molecular structure of viral genes (phages)
Peter B. Dervan
Chemist
28-Jun-1945   DNA Researcher
Persi Diaconis
Mathematician
31-Jan-1945   Science of random numbers
Jared Diamond
Scientist
10-Sep-1937   Collapse of societies
Peter Diamond
Economist
29-Apr-1940   Diamond paradox in economics
Joan Didion
Author
5-Dec-1934   Slouching Toward Bethlehem
Edsger Dijkstra
Computer Programmer
11-May-1930 6-Aug-2002 Enemy of the goto statement
E. J. Dionne
Journalist
23-Apr-1952   The Washington Post
T. G. Dobzhansky
Scientist
25-Jan-1900 18-Dec-1975 Genetics and the Origin of Species
Ray Milton Dolby
Inventor
18-Jan-1933   Inventor of Dolby stereo
Nicholas M. Donofrio
Business
7-Sep-1945   EVP at IBM
Rita Dove
Poet
28-Aug-1952   7th US Poet Laureate, 1993-95
Kenneth Dover
Scholar
11-Mar-1920 7-Mar-2010 Greek Homosexuality
Henry Draper
Astronomer
7-Mar-1837 20-Nov-1882 Early astrophotographer
Sidney D. Drell
Physicist
13-Sep-1926   In the Shadow of the Bomb
Daniel C. Drucker
Engineer
1918 25-Aug-2001 Drucker's stability postulate
James J. Duderstadt
Educator
5-Dec-1942   President, University of Michigan, 1988-96
Robin Chandler Duke
Activist
13-Oct-1923   Former president of NARAL
John T. Dunlop
Government
5-Jul-1914 2-Oct-2003 US Secretary of Labor, 1975-76
Ronald Dworkin
Philosopher
11-Dec-1931   Taking Rights Seriously
Robert C. Dynes
Educator
8-Nov-1942   President, University of California, 2003-08
Frank H. Easterbrook
Judge
3-Sep-1948   7th Circuit Court of Appeals
Gerald M. Edelman
Scientist
1-Jul-1929   Chemical structure of antibodies
Paul R. Ehrlich
Scientist
29-May-1932   The Population Bomb
Manfred Eigen
Physicist
9-May-1927   Studied fast chemical reactions
Samuel Eilenberg
Mathematician
30-Sep-1913 30-Jan-1998 Category theory
Charles Elton
Scientist
29-Mar-1900 1-May-1991 Animal Ecology
John Hart Ely
Scholar
3-Dec-1938 25-Oct-2003 Democracy and Distrust
Doug Engelbart
Computer Programmer
30-Jan-1925   Pioneer of human-computer interaction
Richard A. Epstein
Scholar
17-Apr-1943   Takings
Richard R. Ernst
Chemist
14-Aug-1933   NMR spectroscopy
Gerhard Ertl
Chemist
10-Oct-1936   Auto emissions and the ozone layer
Leo Esaki
Physicist
12-Mar-1925   Electron tunneling
Thomas E. Everhart
Physicist
15-Feb-1932   President of CalTech, 1987-97
Robert Fagles
Translator
11-Sep-1933 26-Mar-2008 Translator of Greek literature
Daniel A. Farber
Educator
16-Jul-1950   Retained by the People
Suzanne Farrell
Dancer
16-Aug-1945   Ballerina, NYC Ballet
Larry R. Faulkner
Educator
1944   President of UT-Austin, 1998-2006
Drew Gilpin Faust
Educator
18-Sep-1947   President of Harvard University
Martin Feldstein
Economist
25-Nov-1939   Reagan economist
Roger W. Ferguson, Jr.
Government
28-Oct-1951   CEO of TIAA-CREF
Frances D. Fergusson
Educator
3-Oct-1944   President of Vassar, 1986-2006
Andrew Z. Fire
Scientist
27-Apr-1959   RNA interference
Edmond H. Fischer
Scientist
6-Apr-1920   Protein phosphorylation
Ernst Otto Fischer
Chemist
10-Nov-1918 23-Jul-2007 Organometallic "sandwich" compounds
Franklin M. Fisher
Economist
13-Dec-1934   Economist at MIT
Richard W. Fisher
Business
18-Mar-1949   President and CEO, Dallas Fed
Ronald Fisher
Mathematician
17-Feb-1890 29-Jul-1962 Analysis of variance and covariance
Val Fitch
Physicist
10-Mar-1923   Time not necessarily reversible
Leon Fleisher
Pianist
23-Jul-1928   Piano virtuoso
Joel L. Fleishman
Business
c. 1935   The Foundation: A Great American Secret
Marion B. Folsom
Business
23-Nov-1893 27-Sep-1976 HEW Secretary, 1955-58
Marye Anne Fox
Educator
9-Dec-1947   Chancellor, UC San Diego
Joseph S. Francisco
Chemist
1955   Atmospheric chemist
James Franck
Physicist
26-Aug-1882 21-May-1964 Franck-Hertz experiment
John R. Freeman
Engineer
27-Jul-1855 6-Oct-1932 Charles River Dam
Richard Freeman
Economist
29-Jun-1943   Labor economist
Charles Fried
Government
15-Apr-1935   US Solicitor General, 1985-89
Jerome I. Friedman
Physicist
28-Mar-1930   Verified existence of quarks
David B. Frohnmayer
Politician
9-Jul-1940   President, University of Oregon
Kenichi Fukui
Chemist
4-Oct-1918 9-Jan-1998 Frontier orbitals
Ellen V. Futter
Educator
21-Sep-1949   President of Barnard College, 1980-93
John Kenneth Galbraith
Economist
15-Oct-1908 29-Apr-2006 Modern economics renegade
Robert Gallucci
Diplomat
11-Feb-1946   President, MacArthur Foundation
Hector Garcia-Molina
Educator
c. 1954   Stanford EECS Professor
Alice P. Gast
Educator
25-May-1958   President, Lehigh University
Bill Gates
Business
28-Oct-1955   Co-Founder of Microsoft
William H. Gates, Sr.
Philanthropist
30-Nov-1925   Co-Chair, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Claire L. Gaudiani
Educator
1944   President, Connecticut College, 1988-2001
Leslie H. Gelb
Government
4-Mar-1937   President, Council on Foreign Relations, 1993-2003
Murray Gell-Mann
Physicist
15-Sep-1929   Quarks and strangeness
Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
Physicist
24-Oct-1932 18-May-2007 Molecular structure of polymers
Ivan Getting
Inventor
18-Jan-1912 11-Oct-2003 Global Positioning System
Riccardo Giacconi
Astronomer
6-Oct-1931   Discovered cosmic X-ray sources
Ivar Giaever
Physicist
5-Apr-1929   Tunneling through superconductors
William F. Giauque
Chemist
12-May-1895 28-Mar-1982 Adiabatic demagnetization
John H. Gibbon, Jr.
Doctor
29-Sep-1903 5-Feb-1973 Open-heart surgery
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Judge
15-Mar-1933   US Supreme Court Justice
Donald A. Glaser
Physicist
21-Sep-1926   Inventor of the bubble chamber
Sheldon Glashow
Physicist
5-Dec-1932   Electroweak Theory
Nathan Glazer
Pundit
25-Feb-1923   Co-Editor, The Public Interest
Laurie H. Glimcher
Educator
c. 1950   Professor of Immunology at Harvard
Erving Goffman
Sociologist
11-Jun-1922 19-Nov-1982 The Presentation of Self
Thomas Gold
Scientist
22-May-1920 22-Jun-2004 Certain that oil is not a fossil fuel
Maurice Goldhaber
Physicist
18-Apr-1911 11-May-2011 Neutrons
Joseph L. Goldstein
Scientist
18-Apr-1940   Hypercholesterolemia and cell metabolism
Matthew Goldstein
Educator
c. 1941   Chancellor of CUNY
Nelson Goodman
Philosopher
7-Aug-1906 25-Nov-1998 Fact, Fiction, and Forecast
Bill Gordon
Astronomer
8-Jan-1918 16-Feb-2010 Designed Arecibo radio telescope
Al Gore
Politician
31-Mar-1948   US Vice President under Clinton
Stephen Jay Gould
Biologist
10-Sep-1941 20-May-2002 Evolutionary scientist
Donald E. Graham
Journalist
22-Apr-1945   CEO of Washington Post
Ronald Graham
Mathematician
31-Oct-1935   Mathematician, Computer Scientist
Clive W.J. Granger
Economist
4-Sep-1934 27-May-2009 Granger causality
Ragnar Granit
Scientist
30-Oct-1900 31-Mar-1990 Physiology of the retina
Robert Grant
Novelist
24-Jan-1852 19-May-1940 Unleavened Bread
Günter Grass
Author
16-Oct-1927   German novelist, The Tin Drum
Earl G. Graves
Business
c. 1935   Black Enterprise magazine
Vartan Gregorian
Educator
8-Apr-1934   President of Carnegie Corporation
Carol W. Greider
Scientist
15-Apr-1961   Co-Discoverer of telomerase
Zvi Griliches
Economist
12-Sep-1930 4-Nov-1999 Technology, Education, and Productivity
David J. Gross
Physicist
19-Feb-1941   Deep structure of matter
Sanford J. Grossman
Business
21-Jul-1953   CEO of Quantitative Financial Strategies
Robert H. Grubbs
Chemist
27-Feb-1942   Metathesis
Roger Guillemin
Scientist
11-Jan-1924   Hypothalamic hormones (brain peptides)
Alan Guth
Physicist
27-Feb-1947   Inflationary theory of cosmology
Amy Gutmann
Educator
1949   President, University of Pennsylvania
Ian Hacking
Philosopher
18-Feb-1936   The Taming of Chance
Jacques-Salomon Hadamard
Mathematician
8-Dec-1865 17-Oct-1963 Prime number theorem
William Stewart Halsted
Doctor
23-Sep-1852 7-Sep-1922 Pioneer of sterile surgical technique
William R. Hambrecht
Business
c. 1935   W.R. Hambrecht & Co.
Oscar Handlin
Historian
29-Sep-1915 20-Sep-2011 The Uprooted
Theodor W. Hänsch
Physicist
30-Oct-1941   Quantum optics
Robert Hare
Chemist
17-Jan-1781 15-May-1858 Hydrostatic blow-pipe and spiritoscope
Sidney Harman
Business
5-Aug-1918 12-Apr-2011 Founder of Harman International
Conrad K. Harper
Attorney
c. 1940   Simpson Thatcher & Bartlett
George Russell Harrison
Physicist
14-Jul-1898 27-Jul-1979 Echelle spectrograph
John C. Harsanyi
Economist
29-May-1920 9-Aug-2000 Game theory
Haldan K. Hartline
Scientist
22-Dec-1903 17-Mar-1983 Physiology of the retina
Jerry A. Hausman
Economist
5-May-1946   Hausman Specification Test
Alexander Heard
Educator
14-Mar-1917 24-Jul-2009 Chancellor of Vanderbilt University, 1963-82
Oliver Heaviside
Engineer
18-May-1850 3-Feb-1925 Kennelly-Heaviside layer
James J. Heckman
Economist
19-Apr-1944   Statistical analysis of individual and household behavior
Werner Heisenberg
Physicist
5-Dec-1901 1-Feb-1976 Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
Warren Hellman
Business
25-Jul-1934   Hellman & Friedman
John L. Hennessy
Educator
c. 1953   President of Stanford University
George Herbig
Astronomer
2-Jan-1920   Herbig-Haro objects
Dudley R. Herschbach
Chemist
18-Jun-1932   Crossed molecular beam experiments
Alfred D. Hershey
Scientist
4-Dec-1908 22-May-1997 Molecular structure of viral genes
Gerhard Herzberg
Physicist
25-Dec-1904 3-Mar-1999 Molecular spectroscopy
Antony Hewish
Astronomer
11-May-1924   Co-Discoverer of pulsars
William Hewlett
Business
20-May-1913 12-Jan-2001 Co-Founder of Hewlett-Packard
Jaroslav Heyrovsky
Chemist
20-Dec-1890 27-Mar-1967 Polarography
Raymond Hide
Physicist
17-May-1929   Earth's rotation
Danny Hillis
Business
25-Sep-1956   Co-Founder, Thinking Machines
Gertrude Himmelfarb
Historian
8-Aug-1922   Victorian Minds
Peter B. Hirsch
Scientist
16-Jan-1925   Electron microscopy in metallurgy
David Ho
Doctor
3-Nov-1952   AIDS researcher
Susan Hockfield
Educator
24-Mar-1951   President of MIT
Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin
Chemist
12-May-1910 29-Jul-1994 Determined structure of Vitamin B12
Jules A. Hoffmann
Biologist
2-Aug-1941   Innate immunity
Roald Hoffmann
Chemist
18-Jul-1937   Woodward-Hoffmann reaction
Richard C. Holbrooke
Diplomat
24-Apr-1941 13-Dec-2010 US Envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan
Bert Hölldobler
Zoologist
25-Jun-1936   Social organizations in insects
Robert W. Holley
Scientist
28-Jan-1922 11-Feb-1993 RNA's role in protein synthesis
Nick Holonyak
Physicist
3-Nov-1928   Light-emitting diodes
Donald F. Hornig
Educator
17-Mar-1920   President of Brown University, 1970-76
Amo Houghton
Politician
7-Aug-1926   Congressman from New York, 1987-2005
Karen Elliott House
Journalist
7-Dec-1947   Publisher, Wall Street Journal, 2002-06
Hendrik S. Houthakker
Economist
31-Dec-1924 15-Apr-2008 Council of Economic Advisers, 1969-71
Freeman A. Hrabowski
Educator
13-Aug-1950   President, University of Maryland Baltimore
Evelyn Hu
Physicist
c. 1947   Nanoscale device fabrication
Tim Hunt
Scientist
19-Feb-1943   Regulators of cell cycle
Leonid Hurwicz
Economist
21-Aug-1917 24-Jun-2008 Mechanism design theory
Gwen Ifill
Journalist
29-Sep-1955   Washington Week, Lehrer News Hour
Louis J. Ignarro
Scientist
31-May-1941   Nitric oxide as a cardiovascular signal
Herbert E. Ives
Physicist
21-Jul-1882 13-Nov-1953 Facsimile machine
Molly Ivins
Columnist
30-Aug-1944 31-Jan-2007 Loudmouthed Texas dame
Shirley A. Jackson
Physicist
5-Aug-1946   NRC Chairman, 1995-99
François Jacob
Scientist
17-Jun-1920   Operon theory of genetic control
Irwin M. Jacobs
Business
18-Oct-1933   Co-Founder of Qualcomm
Kathleen Hall Jamieson
Scholar
24-Nov-1946   Annenberg Public Policy Center
John I. Jenkins
Educator
17-Dec-1953   President, University of Notre Dame
Richard Jenrette
Business
5-Apr-1929   Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette
Deborah S. Jin
Physicist
c. 1968   Created a fermionic condensate
James A. Johnson
Business
24-Dec-1943   CEO of Fannie Mae, 1991-98
Anita K. Jones
Educator
c. 1942   Professor at University of Virginia
Dale W. Jorgenson
Economist
7-May-1933   Economist at Harvard
Brian D. Josephson
Physicist
4-Jan-1940   Discovered the Josephson Effect
Paul L. Joskow
Economist
c. 1946   Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Tony Judt
Historian
2-Jan-1948 6-Aug-2010 Postwar
Percy Julian
Chemist
11-Apr-1899 19-Apr-1975 Physostigmine and cortisone
Brewster Kahle
Business
22-Oct-1960   Founder of the Internet Archive
Daniel Kahneman
Psychologist
5-Mar-1934   The psychology of economics
Marvin Kalb
Journalist
9-Jun-1930   CBS and NBC news correspondent
Eric R. Kandel
Scientist
7-Nov-1929   Signal transduction in the nervous system
Leonid Vitalyevich Kantorovich
Mathematician
19-Jan-1912 7-Apr-1986 Linear programming
Pyotr Kapitsa
Physicist
8-Jul-1894 8-Apr-1984 Discovered superfluidity
Helene L. Kaplan
Attorney
19-Jun-1933   Of Counsel, Skadden Arps
Jerome Karle
Chemist
18-Jun-1918   X-Ray diffraction studies
Martin Karplus
Chemist
15-Mar-1930   Karplus Equation
Bernard Katz
Scientist
26-Mar-1911 20-Apr-2003 Neurotransmitters and the pineal gland
Fred Kavli
Philanthropist
1927   Kavli Foundation
Alan Kay
Computer Programmer
17-May-1940   Father of Object-Oriented Programming
Judith S. Kaye
Judge
4-Aug-1938   Chief Judge, State of New York
Thomas H. Kean
Politician
21-Apr-1935   Governor of New Jersey, 1982-90
James E. Keeler
Astronomer
10-Sep-1857 12-Aug-1900 Composition of Saturn's rings
Garrison Keillor
Radio Personality
7-Aug-1942   A Prairie Home Companion
William N. Kelley
Doctor
23-Jun-1939   Kelley-Seegmiller Syndrome
Henry W. Kendall
Physicist
9-Dec-1926 15-Feb-1999 Verified existence of quarks
Donald Kennedy
Educator
18-Aug-1931   Editor-in-Chief of Science
Paul Kennedy
Historian
Jun-1945   The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers
Nan Keohane
Scholar
18-Sep-1940   Political scientist
Donald R. Keough
Business
4-Sep-1926   Chairman of Allen & Company
Wolfgang Ketterle
Physicist
21-Oct-1957   Bose-Einstein condensates
Leon Kirchner
Composer
24-Jan-1919 17-Sep-2009 Quartet No. 3
Henry Kissinger
Government
27-May-1923   US Secretary of State, 1973-77
Jeremy R. Knowles
Business
1935   Chemistry Professor, Harvard University
Donald E. Knuth
Computer Programmer
10-Jan-1938   The Art of Computer Programming
Jerome Kohlberg, Jr.
Business
10-Jul-1925   KKR, Kohlberg & Company
Walter Kohn
Chemist
9-Mar-1923   Density-functional theory
Willem Johan Kolff
Scientist
14-Feb-1911 11-Feb-2009 Artificial kidney, artificial heart
Jeff Koons
Sculptor
21-Jan-1955   Artistic hack, Cicciolina's ex-husband
Roger D. Kornberg
Scientist
24-Apr-1947   Molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription
Robert P. Kraft
Astronomer
16-Jun-1927   Lick Observatory
Stephen Krasner
Educator
15-Feb-1942   State Dept Policy Planning Dir., 2005-07
Alfred Kroeber
Anthropologist
11-Jun-1876 5-Oct-1960 Pioneer in American Anthropology
Madeleine M. Kunin
Politician
28-Sep-1933   Governor of Vermont, 1985-91
Polykarp Kusch
Physicist
26-Jan-1911 20-Mar-1993 Magnetic moment of the electron
Edwin H. Land
Inventor
7-May-1909 1-Mar-1991 Polaroid Land Camera
Lev Landau
Physicist
22-Jan-1908 1-Apr-1968 Superfluidity of helium
Andrew E. Lange
Astronomer
23-Jul-1957 22-Jan-2010 Cosmologist, astrophysicist at Caltech
Irving Langmuir
Chemist
31-Jan-1881 16-Aug-1957 Inventor of the high-vacuum tube
Ralph S. Larsen
Business
c. 1939   CEO of Johnson & Johnson, 1989-2002
Robert B. Laughlin
Physicist
1-Nov-1950   Fractional quantum Hall effect
Edward Lazear
Economist
1948   Chairman, Council of Economic Advisors
Jim Leach
Politician
15-Oct-1942   Congressman from Iowa, 1977-2007
Paul LeClerc
Administrator
28-May-1941   CEO of New York Public Library
Philip Leder
Biologist
19-Nov-1934   Harvard Geneticist
Joshua Lederberg
Biologist
23-May-1925 2-Feb-2008 Genetic properties of bacteria
David M. Lee
Physicist
20-Jan-1931   Superfluidity of helium-3
Tsung-Dao Lee
Physicist
25-Nov-1926   Violations of parity law
Yuan T. Lee
Chemist
29-Nov-1936   Crossed molecular beam experiments
Anthony J. Leggett
Physicist
26-Mar-1938   Particle physicist, explored superfluidity
Jean-Marie Lehn
Chemist
30-Sep-1939   Synthesis of molecules
Jeffrey M. Leiden
Doctor
c. 1953   Clarus Ventures
Mike Leigh
Film Director
20-Feb-1943   Naked, Topsy-Turvy
Tom Leighton
Mathematician
c. 1956   Co-founder of Akamai
Luis Leloir
Chemist
6-Sep-1906 2-Dec-1987 Conversion of carbohydrates
Abba Lerner
Economist
28-Oct-1903 27-Oct-1982 The Economics of Control
Richard A. Lerner
Biologist
28-Aug-1938   Scripps Research Institute
Lawrence Lessig
Attorney
3-Jun-1961   Constitutional and internet law
Edward H. Levi
Government
26-Jun-1911 7-Mar-2000 US Attorney General, 1975-77
Claude Lévi-Strauss
Anthropologist
28-Nov-1908 1-Nov-2009 French anthropologist
Richard C. Levin
Educator
7-Apr-1947   President of Yale University
Judy C. Lewent
Business
c. 1948   CFO of Merck
Bernard Lewis
Scholar
31-May-1916   Middle East scholar
Edward B. Lewis
Scientist
20-May-1918 21-Jul-2004 Drosophila researcher, Nobel laureate
Susan L. Lindquist
Biologist
5-Jun-1949   Protein folding
Sol Linowitz
Business
17-Dec-1913 18-Mar-2005 Negotiated return of the Panama Canal
William Lipscomb
Chemist
9-Dec-1919 14-Apr-2011 Chemical bonding
Martin Lipton
Attorney
22-Jun-1931   Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz
John Lithgow
Actor
19-Oct-1945   Third Rock From The Sun
Henry Cabot Lodge
Politician
12-May-1850 9-Nov-1924 US Senator from Massachusetts, 1893-1924
Robert Lucas
Economist
15-Sep-1937   Theory of rational expectations
Salvador Luria
Biologist
13-Aug-1912 6-Feb-1991 Natural selection in bacteria
Richard W. Lyman
Educator
18-Oct-1923 27-May-2012 President of Stanford University, 1971-80
Feodor Lynen
Scientist
6-Apr-1911 6-Aug-1979 Cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism
Paul W. MacAvoy
Economist
21-Apr-1934   Council of Economic Advisers, 1975-76
Robert Morrison MacIver
Sociologist
17-Apr-1882 15-Jun-1970 The Web of Government
Benoit Mandelbrot
Mathematician
20-Nov-1924 14-Oct-2010 Fractal mathematician
Thomas E. Mann
Government
10-Sep-1944   Brookings Institution
Rudolph A. Marcus
Chemist
21-Jul-1923   Electron-transfer reactions
Geoffrey W. Marcy
Astronomer
29-Sep-1954   Discoverer of exoplanets
Lynn Margulis
Biologist
5-Mar-1935 22-Nov-2011 Origin of eukaryotic organelles
Joseph B. Martin
Doctor
1938   Dean, Harvard Medical School, 1997-2007
Steve Martin
Comic
14-Aug-1945   The Jerk
Eric Maskin
Economist
12-Dec-1950   Mechanism design theory
John C. Mather
Physicist
7-Aug-1946   Big Bang
Ernst Mayr
Biologist
5-Jul-1904 3-Feb-2005 Evolutionary biologist
James J. McCarthy
Scientist
?   President of AAAS
John McCarthy
Computer Programmer
4-Sep-1927 24-Oct-2011 Created LISP programming language
Barbara McClintock
Scientist
16-Jun-1902 2-Sep-1992 Discovered transposable genes
Michael W. McConnell
Attorney
18-May-1955   Stanford Constitutional Law Center
John F. McDonnell
Business
18-Mar-1938   CEO of McDonnell-Douglas, 1988-94
John McDowell
Philosopher
7-Mar-1942   Mind and World
William D. McElroy
Biologist
22-Jan-1917 17-Feb-1999 Bioluminescence
Daniel L. McFadden
Economist
29-Jul-1937   Statistical analysis of individual and household behavior
Donald F. McHenry
Diplomat
13-Oct-1936   US Ambassador to the UN, 1979-81
Victor A. McKusick
Scientist
21-Oct-1921 22-Jul-2008 Father of medical genetics
Edwin M. McMillan
Physicist
18-Sep-1907 7-Sep-1991 Discovered neptunium and plutonium
Barbara J. McNeil
Educator
c. 1940   Harvard Professor of Health Care Policy
Peter Medawar
Biologist
28-Feb-1915 2-Oct-1987 Acquired immunological tolerance
Robert C. Merton
Economist
31-Jul-1944   Risk management and options
Robert K. Merton
Sociologist
4-Jul-1910 23-Feb-2003 On the Shoulders of Giants
Richard A. Meserve
Attorney
20-Nov-1944   President of the Carnegie Institution
Bob Metcalfe
Business
1946   Co-Inventor of Ethernet
J. Irwin Miller
Business
26-May-1909 16-Aug-2004 Former CEO of Cummins Engine
Merton H. Miller
Economist
16-May-1923 3-Jun-2000 Modigliani-Miller theorem
Ira M. Millstein
Attorney
8-Nov-1926   Weil, Gotshal & Manges
Raymond D. Mindlin
Engineer
17-Sep-1906 22-Nov-1987 Mindlin's problem
Martha L. Minow
Attorney
6-Dec-1954   Dean of Harvard Law School
Newton N. Minow
Government
17-Jan-1926   FCC Chairman, 1961-63
Marvin Minsky
Scientist
9-Aug-1927   Father of Artificial Intelligence
Maria Mitchell
Astronomer
1-Aug-1818 28-Jun-1889 First American female astronomer
Franco Modigliani
Economist
18-Jun-1918 25-Sep-2003 Life-cycle theory
James Moeser
Educator
1939   Chancellor, UNC Chapel Hill
Stanford Moore
Chemist
4-Sep-1913 23-Aug-1982 Amino-acid analyzer
William W. Morgan
Astronomer
3-Jan-1906 21-Jun-1994 Spiral arms of the Milky Way Galaxy
Dale Mortensen
Economist
2-Feb-1939   Job creation and destruction
C. D. Mote, Jr.
Educator
c. 1937   President, University of Maryland
Robert S. Mulliken
Chemist
7-Jun-1896 31-Oct-1986 Molecular orbital theory
Robert A. Mundell
Economist
24-Oct-1932   Floating exchange rates
Barry A. Munitz
Business
c. 1941   President of Getty Trust, 1998-2006
Alicia H. Munnell
Economist
12-Jun-1942   Council of Economic Advisers, 1996-97
Roger B. Myerson
Economist
29-Mar-1951   Mechanism design theory
Gunnar Myrdal
Economist
6-Dec-1898 17-May-1987 Monetary Equilibrium
Thomas Nagel
Philosopher
4-Jul-1937   What is it like to be a bat?
Daniel Nathans
Scientist
30-Oct-1928 16-Nov-1999 Restriction enzymes (DNA cleavage)
Louis Néel
Physicist
22-Nov-1904 17-Nov-2000 Magnetic properties of solids
Jawaharlal Nehru
Head of State
14-Nov-1889 27-May-1964 First Prime Minister of India
Gerry Neugebauer
Astronomer
1932   Infrared astronomy
Joseph P. Newhouse
Economist
24-Feb-1942   Rand economist, Harvard professor
Peter M. Nicholas
Business
c. 1941   Co-Founder of Boston Scientific
Ernest Fox Nichols
Physicist
1-Jun-1869 29-Apr-1924 Infrared radiation
Marshall W. Nirenberg
Scientist
10-Apr-1927 15-Jan-2010 RNA's role in protein synthesis
John T. Noonan, Jr.
Judge
24-Oct-1926   9th Circuit Court of Appeals, 1985-96
Douglass C. North
Economist
5-Nov-1920   Cliometrics
Edwin G. Nourse
Economist
20-May-1883 7-Apr-1974 Council of Economic Advisers, 1946-49
Robert Noyce
Inventor
12-Dec-1927 3-Jun-1990 Co-Inventor, integrated circuit
Ryoji Noyori
Chemist
3-Sep-1938   Chiral catalysts
Martha Nussbaum
Philosopher
6-May-1947   The Fragility of Goodness
Joseph S. Nye
Government
19-Jan-1937   Chairman, National Intelligence Council, 1993-94
Sandra Day O'Connor
Judge
26-Mar-1930   US Supreme Court Justice, 1981-2006
Onora O'Neill
Philosopher
23-Aug-1941   President of the British Academy, 2005-09
George A. Olah
Chemist
22-May-1927   Isolated carbonium ions
Gilbert S. Omenn
Business
30-Aug-1941   Professor, University of Michigan
Lars Onsager
Chemist
27-Nov-1903 5-Oct-1976 Fourth Law of Thermodynamics
Řystein Ore
Mathematician
7-Oct-1899 13-Aug-1968 Ring theorist
Norman Ornstein
Author
14-Oct-1948   American Enterprise Institute
Douglas D. Osheroff
Physicist
1-Aug-1945   Superfluidity of helium-3
Donald E. Osterbrock
Astronomer
13-Jul-1924 11-Jan-2007 Director of Lick Observatory, 1973-81
Elinor Ostrom
Sociologist
7-Aug-1933 12-Jun-2012 Common-pool resources
Cynthia Ozick
Author
17-Apr-1928   The Puttermesser Papers
Ray Ozzie
Computer Programmer
20-Nov-1955   Microsoft Chief Software Architect
Larry Page
Business
26-Mar-1973   Co-Founder of Google
George E. Palade
Scientist
19-Nov-1912 7-Oct-2008 Microstructure of the cell
Sam Palmisano
Business
29-Jul-1951   CEO of IBM
Erwin Panofsky
Historian
30-Mar-1892 14-Mar-1968 Studies in Iconology
Pief Panofsky
Physicist
24-Apr-1919 24-Sep-2007 Stanford Linear Accelerator
Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
Astronomer
10-May-1900 7-Dec-1979 Hydrogen in the Sun
Raymond Pearl
Biologist
3-Jun-1879 17-Nov-1940 Biogerontology
Norman Pearlstine
Journalist
4-Oct-1942   Former Time Inc. Editor in Chief
Rudolf Peierls
Physicist
5-Jun-1907 19-Sep-1995 Frisch-Peierls Memorandum
Jaroslav Pelikan
Historian
17-Dec-1923 13-May-2006 The Christian Tradition
Arno Penzias
Astronomer
26-Apr-1933   Detected primordial radiation
Martin L. Perl
Physicist
24-Jun-1927   Discovered the tau lepton
Saul Perlmutter
Astronomer
1959   Accelerating expansion of the universe
William J. Perry
Government
11-Oct-1927   US Secretary of Defense, 1994-97
Max F. Perutz
Chemist
19-May-1914 6-Feb-2002 X-Ray analysis of hemoglobin
Henry Petroski
Educator
6-Feb-1942   Engineering professor
Edmund S. Phelps
Economist
26-Jul-1933   Golden Rules of Economic Growth
William D. Phillips
Physicist
5-Nov-1948   Trapped atoms with laser light
Gregory Pincus
Scientist
9-Apr-1903 22-Aug-1967 Inventor of oral contraceptives
Kenneth S. Pitzer
Chemist
6-Jan-1914 26-Dec-1997 President of Rice University, 1961-68
J. H. Plumb
Historian
20-Aug-1911 21-Oct-2001 England in the Eighteenth Century
Sidney Poitier
Actor
20-Feb-1927   In The Heat Of The Night
John C. Polanyi
Chemist
23-Jan-1929   Infrared chemiluminescence
John A. Pople
Chemist
31-Oct-1925 15-Mar-2004 Quantum mechanics of molecules
George Porter
Chemist
6-Dec-1920 31-Aug-2002 Rapid chemical and biological processes
Richard Posner
Judge
11-Jan-1939   7th Circuit Court of Appeals
Vladimir Prelog
Chemist
23-Jul-1906 7-Jan-1998 Stereochemistry of enzyme-catalysts
Edward C. Prescott
Economist
26-Dec-1940   Dynamic macroeconomics
Ilya Prigogine
Chemist
25-Jan-1917 28-May-2003 Theory of dissipative structures
Aleksandr M. Prokhorov
Physicist
11-Jul-1916 8-Jan-2002 Invention of the maser and laser
Stanley B. Prusiner
Scientist
28-May-1942   Prions
E. M. Purcell
Physicist
30-Aug-1912 7-Mar-1997 Nuclear magnetic resonance
Isidor Isaac Rabi
Physicist
29-Jul-1898 11-Jan-1988 Magnetic beam resonances
Franklin Raines
Government
14-Jan-1949   CEO of Fannie Mae, 1999-2004
Norman F. Ramsey
Physicist
27-Aug-1915 4-Nov-2011 Energy levels of atoms
Don Michael Randel
Educator
9-Dec-1940   President, University of Chicago, 2000-06
Diane Ravitch
Government
1-Jul-1938   Education reformer
Raj Reddy
Educator
13-Jun-1937   Professor of Computer Science, CMU
John S. Reed
Business
1939   CEO of Citibank, 1984-2000
Martin Rees
Astronomer
23-Jun-1942   President of the Royal Society
William Rehnquist
Judge
1-Oct-1924 3-Sep-2005 US Chief Justice, 1986-2005
Frederick Reines
Physicist
16-Mar-1918 26-Aug-1998 Co-Discover of the neutrino
Jehuda Reinharz
Educator
1944   President, Brandeis University
Eric Reissner
Mathematician
5-Jan-1913 1-Nov-1996 Reissner shear-deformation plate theory
Nicholas V. Riasanovsky
Historian
21-Dec-1923 14-May-2011 A History of Russia
Condoleezza Rice
Government
14-Nov-1954   US Secretary of State, 2005-09
Adrienne Rich
Poet
16-May-1929 27-Mar-2012 An Atlas of the Difficult World
Theodore W. Richards
Chemist
31-Jan-1868 2-Apr-1928 Atomic weights
William C. Richardson
Educator
c. 1940   President of Johns Hopkins, 1990-95
Burton Richter
Physicist
22-Mar-1931   Co-Discoverer of J/psi meson
Charles Richter
Scientist
26-Apr-1900 30-Sep-1985 Groundbreaking seismologist
Adam G. Riess
Astronomer
1969   Accelerating expansion of the universe
David Rittenhouse
Astronomer
8-Apr-1732 26-Jun-1796 Early Pennsylvania scientist and statesman
Ron Rivest
Computer Programmer
1947   The R in RSA
Frederick C. Robbins
Scientist
25-Aug-1916 4-Aug-2003 Cultured the polio virus
John G. Roberts, Jr.
Judge
27-Jan-1955   US Chief Justice
Marilynne Robinson
Novelist
1947   Housekeeping
Sharon Percy Rockefeller
Business
10-Dec-1944   CEO of WETA Public Broadcasting
William Barton Rogers
Educator
7-Dec-1804 30-May-1882 Founder, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Kenneth S. Rogoff
Economist
22-Mar-1953   Harvard economist
Felix Rohatyn
Business
29-May-1928   Financier, Lazard Frères
Sonny Rollins
Jazz Musician
7-Sep-1930   Tenor sax master
Richard Rorty
Philosopher
4-Oct-1931 8-Jun-2007 Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature
Albert J. Rosenthal
Educator
5-Mar-1919 17-Mar-2010 Dean of Columbia Law School, 1979-84
E. John Rosenwald, Jr.
Business
c. 1930   Former Vice Chairman of Bear Stearns
Bruno Rossi
Astronomer
13-Apr-1905 21-Nov-1993 Rossi curve and magnetopause
Walt Rostow
Government
7-Oct-1916 13-Feb-2003 National Security Advisor, 1966-69
Mstislav Rostropovich
Cellist
27-Mar-1927 27-Apr-2007 Cellist and conductor
Joseph Rotblat
Physicist
4-Nov-1908 31-Aug-2005 Nuclear physicist, anti-nuke activist
John W. Rowe
Business
20-Jun-1944   CEO of Aetna, 2000-06
F. Sherwood Rowland
Chemist
28-Jun-1927 10-Mar-2012 Ozone depletion
Carlo Rubbia
Physicist
31-Mar-1934   Co-Discovered W and Z particles
Neil Rudenstine
Educator
21-Jan-1935   President of Harvard, 1991-2001
Edward Ruscha
Painter
16-Dec-1937   Twenty-six Gasoline Stations
Henry Norris Russell
Astronomer
25-Oct-1877 18-Feb-1957 Giant stars and dwarfs
Martin Ryle
Astronomer
27-Sep-1918 14-Oct-1984 Radio astronomer
Albert Sabin
Biologist
26-Aug-1906 3-Mar-1993 Developed oral polio vaccine
Oliver Sacks
Doctor
9-Jul-1933   Awakenings
Esa-Pekka Salonen
Conductor
30-Jun-1958   Conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic
Steven B. Sample
Educator
29-Nov-1940   President, University of Southern California
Henry Samueli
Business
20-Sep-1954   Co-Founder of Broadcom
Paul Samuelson
Economist
15-May-1915 13-Dec-2009 Theory of revealed preference
Frederick Sanger
Chemist
13-Aug-1918   Two-time Nobel laureate in chemistry
Paul Sarbanes
Politician
3-Feb-1933   US Senator from Maryland, 1977-2007
Thomas J. Sargent
Economist
19-Jul-1943   Rational expectations theory
Wallace Sargent
Astronomer
15-Feb-1935   Astrophysicist at CalTech
Jean-Paul Sartre
Philosopher
21-Jun-1905 15-Apr-1980 Nausea, No Exit
John Sayles
Film Director
28-Sep-1950   The Secret of Roan Inish
Robert A. Scalapino
Scholar
19-Oct-1919 31-Oct-2011 Longtime Asia scholar at Berkeley
Marjorie Scardino
Business
25-Jan-1947   CEO of Pearson
Henry B. Schacht
Business
16-Oct-1934   Former CEO of Cummins, Lucent
Morton Owen Schapiro
Educator
1953   President, Northwestern University
Arthur L. Schawlow
Physicist
5-May-1921 28-Apr-1999 Laser spectroscopy
Thomas C. Schelling
Economist
14-Apr-1921   The Strategy of Conflict
Frank Schlesinger
Astronomer
11-May-1871 10-Jul-1943 Stellar parallaxes
Richard L. Schmalensee
Economist
1944   Council of Economic Advisers, 1989-91
Eric Schmidt
Business
27-Apr-1955   CEO of Google, 2001-11
Maarten Schmidt
Astronomer
28-Dec-1929   Co-Discoverer of quasars
Myron S. Scholes
Economist
1-Jul-1941   Black-Scholes options pricing model
Robert Schrieffer
Physicist
31-May-1931   BCS Theory of Superconductivity
Richard R. Schrock
Chemist
4-Jan-1945   Metathesis
Theodore W. Schultz
Economist
30-Apr-1902 26-Feb-1998 Investment in Human Capital
Martin Schwarzschild
Astronomer
31-May-1912 10-Apr-1997 Structure and Evolution of the Stars
Martin Scorsese
Film Director
17-Nov-1942   Taxi Driver
Glenn Seaborg
Physicist
19-Apr-1912 25-Feb-1999 Co-Discoverer of Plutonium
John Searle
Philosopher
Dec-1932   Chinese Room Argument, Philosopher of Language
William R. Sears
Engineer
1-Mar-1913 12-Oct-2002 Airfoil engineer
Emilio Segrè
Physicist
30-Jan-1905 22-Apr-1989 Co-Discoverer of the antiproton
Nathan Seiberg
Physicist
22-Sep-1956   String theorist at Princeton
Louis Michael Seidman
Scholar
16-Feb-1947   Our Unsettled Constitution
Amartya Sen
Economist
3-Nov-1933   Poverty and Famines
John Sexton
Educator
1942   President, New York University
Donna Shalala
Government
14-Feb-1941   Secretary of HHS, 1993-2001
Albert Shanker
Labor Leader
14-Sep-1928 22-Feb-1997 American Federation of Teachers
Claude Shannon
Scientist
30-Apr-1916 24-Feb-2001 Pioneer in information theory
Harold T. Shapiro
Educator
8-Jun-1935   President of Princeton, 1988-2000
Judith Shapiro
Educator
24-Jan-1942   President, Barnard College
Robert B. Shapiro
Business
4-Aug-1938   CEO of Monsanto, 1995-2000
Phillip A. Sharp
Biologist
6-Jun-1944   Eukaryotic (split) genes
K. Barry Sharpless
Chemist
28-Apr-1941   Chiral catalysts
Thomas E. Shenk
Biologist
c. 1947   Princeton Molecular Biologist
Walter V. Shipley
Business
2-Nov-1935   CEO of Chase Manhattan, 1996-99
Iosif S. Shklovskii
Astronomer
1-Jul-1916 3-Mar-1985 Synchrotron radiation of the Crab Nebula
William Shockley
Physicist
13-Feb-1910 12-Aug-1989 Co-Inventor of the transistor
David Shoenberg
Physicist
4-Jan-1911 10-Mar-2004 Physicist at Cambridge
John Shoven
Economist
1947   Stanford economist
Clifford G. Shull
Physicist
23-Sep-1915 31-Mar-2001 Neutron scattering
Kai M. Siegbahn
Physicist
20-Apr-1918 20-Jul-2007 Electron spectroscopy
Adele Simmons
Administrator
21-Jun-1941   President, MacArthur Foundation, 1989-99
Ruth J. Simmons
Educator
3-Jul-1945   President, Brown University
Christopher A. Sims
Economist
21-Oct-1942   Statistical theory of time series
Isadore Singer
Mathematician
3-May-1924   Atiyah-Singer index theorem
Theda Skocpol
Educator
4-May-1947   Harvard sociologist, political scientist
Richard E. Smalley
Chemist
6-Jun-1943 28-Oct-2005 Co-Discovered fullerines
Oliver Smithies
Scientist
23-Jun-1925   Knock-out mice
George D. Snell
Scientist
19-Dec-1903 6-Jun-1996 Recognition of HLA antigens
Robert M. Solow
Economist
23-Aug-1924   Theory of economic growth
Stephen Sondheim
Composer
22-Mar-1930   West Side Story
Hugo F. Sonnenschein
Economist
1941   President, University of Chicago, 1993-2000
George Soros
Business
12-Aug-1930   Financial speculator
Michael I. Sovern
Educator
1-Dec-1931   President of Columbia University, 1980-93
A. Michael Spence
Economist
7-Nov-1943   Asymmetric markets
Jonathan D. Spence
Historian
11-Aug-1936   The Search for Modern China
Percy Spencer
Scientist
19-Jul-1894 8-Sep-1970 Invented the microwave oven
Roger W. Sperry
Scientist
20-Aug-1913 17-Apr-1994 "Split brain" hemispheric neurophysiology
Art Spiegelman
Cartoonist
15-Feb-1948   Maus
Lyman Spitzer, Jr.
Astronomer
26-Jun-1914 31-Mar-1997 Father of space telescopes
William H. Stein
Chemist
25-Jun-1911 2-Feb-1980 Amino-acid analyzer
Jack Steinberger
Physicist
25-May-1921   Researcher of neutrinos
George Steiner
Critic
23-Apr-1929   After Babel
Thomas A. Steitz
Scientist
23-Aug-1940   Ribosomes
Fritz Stern
Historian
2-Feb-1926   German historian
Joseph Stiglitz
Economist
9-Feb-1943   Ex-Chief Economist of the World Bank
Harlan Fiske Stone
Judge
11-Oct-1872 22-Apr-1946 US Supreme Court Justice, 1925-46
Patty Stonesifer
Business
1956   Co-Chair of Gates Foundation
Thomas P. Stossel
Doctor
c. 1941   Professor, Harvard Medical School
P. F. Strawson
Philosopher
23-Nov-1919 13-Feb-2006 Individuals
William Styron
Novelist
11-Jun-1925 31-Oct-2006 The Confessions of Nat Turner
Kathleen Sullivan
Scholar
20-Aug-1955   Scholar of constitutional law
Arthur Sulzberger, Jr.
Publisher
22-Sep-1951   New York Times Publisher
James B. Sumner
Chemist
19-Nov-1887 12-Aug-1955 Crystallized enzymes
Cass Sunstein
Scholar
21-Sep-1954   Why Societies Need Dissent
Timothy Swager
Chemist
1-Jul-1961   Chemist at MIT
Leo Szilard
Physicist
11-Feb-1898 30-May-1964 Nuclear chain reaction
Jack W. Szostak
Scientist
9-Nov-1952   First artificial chromosome
Igor Y. Tamm
Physicist
8-Jul-1895 12-Apr-1971 Cherenkov radiation
Ratan N. Tata
Business
28-Dec-1937   Chairman of Tata Group
Anne M. Tatlock
Business
c. 1940   CEO of Fiduciary Trust, 1999-2006
Henry Taube
Chemist
30-Nov-1915 16-Nov-2005 Mechanisms of electron transfer
Charles Taylor
Philosopher
5-Nov-1931   Sources of the Self
John B. Taylor
Economist
8-Dec-1946   Council of Economic Advisers, 1989-91
Joseph H. Taylor, Jr.
Astronomer
24-Mar-1941   Co-Discovered first binary pulsar
Richard E. Taylor
Physicist
2-Nov-1929   Verified existence of quarks
Edward Teller
Physicist
15-Jan-1908 9-Sep-2003 Father of the Hydrogen Bomb
Howard M. Temin
Scientist
10-Dec-1934 9-Feb-1994 Tumor viruses and host genetics
Alfred Lord Tennyson
Poet
6-Aug-1809 6-Oct-1892 The Charge of the Light Brigade
Samuel O. Thier
Doctor
23-Jun-1937   CEO of Massachusetts General, 1996-2002
Lewis Thomas
Doctor
25-Nov-1913 3-Dec-1993 The Lives of a Cell
Elihu Thomson
Inventor
29-Mar-1853 13-Mar-1937 Electric welding and A/C motors
George Paget Thomson
Physicist
3-May-1892 10-Sep-1975 Diffraction of electrons
Lester Thurow
Economist
7-May-1938   Sloan School of Management
Chang-Lin Tien
Educator
24-Jul-1935 29-Oct-2002 Chancellor of UC Berkeley, 1990-97
Shirley M. Tilghman
Educator
17-Sep-1946   President of Princeton University
Samuel C. C. Ting
Physicist
27-Jan-1936   Co-Discoverer of J/psi meson
Bob Tisch
Business
29-Apr-1926 15-Nov-2005 CEO of Loews, Owner NY Giants
Alexander R. Todd
Chemist
2-Oct-1907 10-Jan-1997 Nuclaic acid, nucleotides
Charles H. Townes
Physicist
28-Jul-1915   Invention of the maser and laser
Lionel Trilling
Critic
4-Jul-1905 5-Nov-1975 The Liberal Imagination
Garry Trudeau
Cartoonist
21-Jul-1948   Doonesbury
Roger Y. Tsien
Scientist
1-Feb-1952   Green Fluorescent Protein
Robert W. Tucker
Author
c. 1925   The Inequality of Nations
Edward Tufte
Author
14-Mar-1942   The Visual Display of Quantitative Information
Amos Tversky
Psychologist
16-Mar-1937 2-Jun-1996 Cognitive psychologist, studied risks
Peter Ueberroth
Baseball
2-Sep-1937   Commissioner of Baseball, 1984-89
John Updike
Novelist
18-Mar-1932 27-Jan-2009 Rabbit, Run
Harold C. Urey
Chemist
29-Apr-1893 5-Jan-1981 Discovered Deuterium
Wylie Vale, Jr.
Doctor
3-Jul-1941 3-Jan-2012 Endocrinologist at Salk Institute
James Van Allen
Astronomer
7-Sep-1914 9-Aug-2006 Discovered the Van Allen Belt
Simon van der Meer
Physicist
24-Nov-1925 4-Mar-2011 Co-Discovered W and Z particles
John H. van Vleck
Physicist
13-Mar-1899 27-Oct-1980 Quantum theory of paramagnetism
Harold E. Varmus
Scientist
18-Dec-1939   Genetic causes of cancer
John von Neumann
Mathematician
28-Dec-1903 8-Feb-1957 Computing pioneer, inventor of Game Theory
Kurt Vonnegut
Novelist
11-Nov-1922 11-Apr-2007 Slaughterhouse Five
George Wald
Biologist
18-Nov-1906 12-Apr-1997 Physiology of the retina
Denzel Washington
Actor
28-Dec-1954   Training Day
Alvin M. Weinberg
Physicist
20-Apr-1915 18-Oct-2006 Nuclear scientist
Steven Weinberg
Physicist
3-May-1933   Electroweak Theory
Victor Weisskopf
Physicist
19-Sep-1908 21-Apr-2002 Head of CERN, 1961-65
John Archibald Wheeler
Physicist
9-Jul-1911 13-Apr-2008 The Mechanism of Nuclear Fission
Edmund White
Author
13-Jan-1940   The Joy of Gay Sex
John C. Whitehead
Business
2-Apr-1922   US Deputy Secretary of State, 1985-89
George M. Whitesides
Chemist
3-Aug-1939   Harvard chemist, highest H-Index
Carl E. Wieman
Physicist
26-Mar-1951   Bose-Einstein Condensates
Eric F. Wieschaus
Scientist
8-Jun-1947   Embryonic development of fruit flies
Torsten N. Wiesel
Scientist
3-Jun-1924   Neurophysiology of vision
Eugene Wigner
Physicist
17-Nov-1902 1-Jan-1995 Law of conservation of parity
Frank Wilczek
Physicist
15-May-1951   Deep structure of matter
Geoffrey Wilkinson
Chemist
14-Jul-1921 26-Sep-1996 Organometallic "sandwich" compounds
J. Harvie Wilkinson III
Judge
29-Sep-1944   4th Circuit Court of Appeals
Bernard Williams
Philosopher
21-Sep-1929 10-Jun-2003 Leading moral philosopher
Rowan Williams
Religion
14-Jun-1950   Archbishop of Canterbury
Oliver E. Williamson
Economist
27-Sep-1932   Transaction cost economics
Edmund Beecher Wilson
Biologist
19-Oct-1856 3-Mar-1939 X and Y chromosomes
Edward O. Wilson
Biologist
10-Jun-1929   Father of Sociobiology
James Q. Wilson
Scholar
27-May-1931 2-Mar-2012 The Moral Sense
Kenneth G. Wilson
Physicist
8-Jun-1936   Second-order phase transitions
Robert Woodrow Wilson
Astronomer
10-Jan-1936   Detected primordial radiation
William Julius Wilson
Sociologist
20-Dec-1935   Poverty in America's inner cities
Niklaus Wirth
Computer Programmer
15-Feb-1934   Inventor of Pascal, Modula-2
Edward Witten
Physicist
26-Aug-1951   String theorist at Princeton
Diane P. Wood
Judge
4-Jul-1950   7th Circuit Court of Appeals
Robert B. Woodward
Chemist
10-Apr-1917 8-Jul-1979 Synthesized cholesterol, Vitamin B12, etc.
James Wright
Educator
1939   President, Dartmouth College
Mark S. Wrighton
Educator
1949   Chancellor, Washington University in St. Louis
Henry M. Wriston
Educator
4-Jul-1889 7-Mar-1978 President of Brown University, 1937-55
Kurt Wüthrich
Chemist
4-Oct-1938   Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Janet L. Yellen
Economist
13-Aug-1946   President and CEO, San Francisco Fed
Yevgeny Yevtushenko
Poet
18-Jul-1933   Babi Yar
Mark G. Yudof
Educator
30-Oct-1944   President of the University of California
Ahmed H. Zewail
Chemist
26-Feb-1946   Femtochemistry
Hans Zinsser
Scientist
17-Nov-1878 4-Sep-1940 Typhus vaccine


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