NNDB
This is a beta version of NNDB
Search: for
Alfalfa Club

ORGANIZATION

An exclusive Washington, D.C. club for the rich and powerful, founded in 1913. Its sole purpose is to hold an annual banquet each January honoring the birthday of General Robert E. Lee. There are approximately 200 members. Each member is eligible to bring up to two guests to the $200-a-plate dinner. The club always serves filet mignon and lobster.

No press coverage is allowed inside the banquet hall and the proceedings are ostensibly secret, but the Washington newspapers always seem to get a fairly detailed blow-by-blow description anyway. Regardless, the congenial atmosphere lends itself to politically-incorrect humor. In essence the event is just another roast, providing one more showcase for Washington bigwigs to unveil their professionally-written jokes.

Just for fun, the Alfalfa Club leadership nominates a presidential candidate every year (not just election years). The candidate is required to deliver an acceptance speech at the event. Past nominees include: General Glen E. Edgerton, Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson (1953), Merle Thorpe (1955), Senator Prescott Bush (1959), Richard M. Nixon (1965), Ronald Reagan (1974), George H.W. Bush, Dick Lugar (1996), George W. Bush (1998), Alan Simpson (1999), James Wolfensohn (2000), John McCain (2001), Ted Stevens (2003), and Jack Valenti (2004).

In 1917, club member H. Ralph Burton published a 12-page booklet entitled The Origin, History and Object of the Alfalfa Club. As described by a rare book seller: "The author proposes that the truth about the alfalfa club was written in a remote section of the Rosetta stone."

Club motto: Bis dat, qui cito dat.

The following list includes only bonafide inductees of the club, and not any of their invited dinner guests. The year of induction may be found inside each individual member's profile, when available.

Location:
Washington, DC

Founding Date:
1913

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
David Abshire
Government
11-Apr-1926   US Ambassador to NATO, 1983-87
Dean Acheson
Government
11-Apr-1893 12-Oct-1971 US Secretary of State, 1949-53
Spiro T. Agnew
Politician
9-Nov-1918 17-Sep-1996 US Vice President, 1969-73
Madeleine Albright
Diplomat
15-May-1937   Bill Clinton's Secretary of State
Joe L. Allbritton
Business
29-Dec-1924   Well-connected Washington billionaire
Dwayne Andreas
Business
4-Mar-1918   Archer Daniels Midland CEO, 1970-97
Anne L. Armstrong
Government
27-Dec-1927 30-Jul-2008 US Ambassador to the UK, 1976-77
C. Michael Armstrong
Business
18-Oct-1938   CEO of Comcast, 2002-04
Neil Armstrong
Astronaut
5-Aug-1930   First man on the Moon
Norman Augustine
Business
27-Jul-1935   CEO of Martin Marietta, 1996-97
Warren R. Austin
Politician
12-Nov-1877 25-Dec-1962 US Senator from Vermont, 1931-46
Howard Baker
Government
15-Nov-1925   Reagan's Chief of Staff, 1987-88
James Baker
Government
28-Apr-1930   US Secretary of State, 1989-92
Alben W. Barkley
Politician
24-Nov-1877 30-Apr-1956 US Vice President, 1949-53
Carter T. Barron
Business
30-Jan-1905 16-Nov-1950 Washington advocate for the arts
Evan Bayh
Politician
26-Dec-1955   US Senator from Indiana, 1999-2011
Daniel W. Bell
Government
23-Jul-1891 ? Undersecretary of the Treasury
Lloyd Bentsen, Jr.
Politician
11-Feb-1921 23-May-2006 US Senator, Treasury Secretary
Clifford K. Berryman
Cartoonist
2-Apr-1869 11-Dec-1949 Political cartoonist
Joseph Biden
Politician
20-Nov-1942   Vice President of the United States
Leslie Biffle
Government
9-Oct-1880 6-Apr-1966 Secretary of the Senate
James Billington
Historian
1-Jun-1929   13th Librarian of Congress
Hiram Bingham
Politician
19-Nov-1875 6-Jun-1956 US Senator, discovered Machu Picchu
Michael Bloomberg
Politician
14-Feb-1942   Mayor of New York City
Kit Bond
Politician
6-Mar-1939   US Senator from Missouri, 1987-2011
David L. Boren
Politician
21-Apr-1941   Governor and Senator from Oklahoma
Frank Borman
Astronaut
14-Mar-1928   First to circumnavigate moon
Larry Bossidy
Business
5-Mar-1935   CEO of Honeywell
Omar Bradley
Military
12-Feb-1893 8-Apr-1981 US Army Chief of Staff
Nicholas F. Brady
Government
11-Apr-1930   US Secretary of the Treasury, 1988-93
John Breaux
Politician
1-Mar-1944   US Senator from Louisiana, 1987-2005
Warren Buffett
Business
30-Aug-1930   Billionaire in Omaha
William Bulow
Politician
13-Jan-1869 26-Feb-1960 US Senator from South Dakota, 1931-43
Dale Bumpers
Politician
12-Aug-1925   Governor, Senator from Arkansas
Mac Bundy
Government
30-Mar-1919 16-Sep-1996 National Security Advisor, 1961-66
Warren Burger
Judge
17-Sep-1907 25-Jun-1995 US Chief Justice, 1969-86
H. Ralph Burton
Government
1882 5-Aug-1971 Red-baiting Senate staffer
George H.W. Bush
Head of State
12-Jun-1924   41st US President, 1989-93
George W. Bush
Head of State
6-Jul-1946   43rd US President, 2001-09
Jeb Bush
Politician
11-Feb-1953   Governor of Florida, 1999-2007
Marvin Bush
Relative
22-Oct-1956   Brother of Jeb, Dubya, and Neil
Prescott Bush
Politician
15-May-1895 8-Oct-1972 US Senator from Connecticut, 1952-63
Harry F. Byrd, Jr.
Politician
20-Dec-1914   US Senator from Virginia, 1965-83
James F. Byrnes
Politician
2-May-1882 9-Apr-1972 US Secretary of State, 1945-47
Andrew Card
Government
10-May-1947   White House Chief of Staff, 2001-06
Steve Case
Business
21-Aug-1958   CEO of AOL, 1991-2001
John H. Chafee
Politician
22-Oct-1922 24-Oct-1999 US Senator from Rhode Island, 1976-99
Elaine Chao
Government
26-Mar-1953   US Secretary of Labor, 2001-09
Buck Chapoton
Government
18-May-1936   Reagan's tax guy
Kenneth Chenault
Business
2-Jun-1951   CEO of American Express
Dick Cheney
Politician
30-Jan-1941   US Vice President, 2001-09
Max Cleland
Politician
24-Aug-1942   US Senator from Georgia, 1997-2003
Clark Clifford
Government
25-Dec-1906 10-Oct-1998 US Secretary of Defense, 1968-69
Thad Cochran
Politician
7-Dec-1937   US Senator from Mississippi
Michael Collins
Astronaut
31-Oct-1930   Apollo 11 command module pilot
John Connally
Politician
27-Feb-1917 15-Jun-1993 Governor of Texas, 1963-69
John H. Dalton
Military
31-Dec-1941   US Secretary of the Navy, 1993-98
Tom Daschle
Politician
9-Dec-1947   US Senator from South Dakota, 1987-2005
F. Elwood Davis
Attorney
15-Dec-1915 17-Jan-2012 Prominent Washington lawyer
Robert A. Day
Business
1943   Billionaire, Founder of TCW
John Dingell
Politician
6-Jul-1926   US Congressman, Michigan 15th
Everett Dirksen
Politician
4-Jan-1896 7-Sep-1969 US Senator from Illinois, 1951-69
Chris Dodd
Politician
27-May-1944   US Senator from Connecticut, 1981-2011
Elizabeth Dole
Politician
29-Jul-1936   US Senator from North Carolina, 2003-09
Pete Domenici
Politician
7-May-1932   US Senator from New Mexico, 1973-2009
Bill Donaldson
Government
2-Jun-1931   SEC Chairman, 2003-05
Ken Duberstein
Government
21-Apr-1944   Reagan's Chief of Staff, 1988-89
John Foster Dulles
Government
25-Feb-1888 24-May-1959 Eisenhower's Secretary of State
Lawrence Eagleburger
Government
1-Aug-1930 4-Jun-2011 US Secretary of State, 1992-93
Glen E. Edgerton
Military
17-Apr-1887 1956 Canal Zone Governor, 1940-44
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Head of State
14-Oct-1890 28-Mar-1969 34th US President, 1953-61
John Fahey
Business
c. 1953   CEO of National Geographic Society
Dante Fascell
Politician
9-Mar-1917 28-Nov-1998 Congressman from Florida, 1955-93
Dianne Feinstein
Politician
22-Jun-1933   US Senator from California
John Spalding Flannery
Attorney
16-May-1870 17-Feb-1954 Prominent Washington attorney
Jack Fletcher
Photographer
1917 31-Dec-2003 National Geographic photographer
Timothy Foley
Military
6-May-1946   US Marine Band director
Tom Foley
Politician
6-Mar-1929   Speaker of the House, 1989-95
Steve Forbes
Business
18-Jul-1947   Owner and publisher of Forbes magazine
Gerald Ford
Head of State
14-Jul-1913 26-Dec-2006 38th US President, 1974-77
Peter Frelinghuysen, Jr.
Politician
17-Jan-1916 23-May-2011 Congressman from New Jersey, 1953-75
Bill Frist
Politician
22-Feb-1952   US Senate Majority Leader, 2003-07
J. William Fulbright
Politician
9-Apr-1905 9-Feb-1995 Conceived the Fulbright Scholarships
Newt Gingrich
Politician
17-Jun-1943   Speaker of the House, 1995-99
John Glenn
Astronaut
18-Jul-1921   First American to orbit earth
Barry Goldwater
Politician
1-Jan-1909 29-May-1998 US Senator from Arizona, 1953-65, 1969-87
John Oliver La Gorce
Explorer
1880 1949 Antarctica explorer, National Geographic editor
Donald E. Graham
Journalist
22-Apr-1945   CEO of Washington Post
Katharine Graham
Publisher
16-Jun-1917 17-Jul-2001 Washington Post publisher, 1966-79
Maurice R. Greenberg
Business
4-May-1925   CEO of American International Group, 1967-2005
Alan Greenspan
Economist
6-Mar-1926   Federal Reserve Chairman, 1987-2006
Joseph Grew
Diplomat
27-May-1880 25-May-1965 US Ambassador to Japan, 1932-41
Duke Guider
Business
10-Mar-1900 1969 Defense attorney for Hideki Tojo
Chuck Hagel
Politician
4-Oct-1946   US Senator from Nebraska, 1997-2009
Alexander Haig
Government
2-Dec-1924 20-Feb-2010 US Secretary of State, 1981-82
Lee H. Hamilton
Politician
20-Apr-1931   9/11 Commission vice chairman
Jane Harman
Politician
28-Jun-1945   Congresswoman from California, 1993-2011
William B. Harrison, Jr.
Business
12-Aug-1943   CEO of JPMorgan Chase, 2000-05
Nelson T. Hartson
Government
26-Nov-1887 ? Solicitor of the IRS
Orrin Hatch
Politician
22-Mar-1934   US Senator from Utah
Howell Heflin
Politician
19-Jun-1921 29-Mar-2005 US Senator from Alabama, 1979-97
John Heinz
Politician
23-Oct-1938 4-Apr-1991 US Senator from Pennsylvania, 1977-91
Richard Helms
Government
30-Mar-1913 22-Oct-2002 CIA Director, 1966-73
A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr.
Judge
25-Feb-1928 14-Dec-1998 Chief Justice, 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals
Joseph H. Himes
Politician
15-Aug-1885 9-Sep-1960 Congressman from Ohio, 1921-23
Fritz Hollings
Politician
1-Jan-1922   US Senator from South Carolina, 1967-2005
Kay Bailey Hutchison
Politician
22-Jul-1943   US Senator from Texas
Daniel Inouye
Politician
7-Sep-1924   US Senator from Hawaii
Henry "Scoop" Jackson
Politician
31-May-1912 1-Sep-1983 US Senator from Washington, 1953-83
Robert H. Jackson
Judge
13-Feb-1892 9-Oct-1954 US Supreme Court Justice, 1941-54
Eli S. Jacobs
Baseball
5-Oct-1937   Former Baltimore Orioles owner
Robert L. Johnson
Business
8-Apr-1946   CEO of BET
J. Bennett Johnston
Politician
10-Jun-1932   US Senator from Louisiana, 1972-97
David C. Jones
Military
9-Jul-1921   Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1978-82
Jesse H. Jones
Government
5-Apr-1874 1-Jun-1956 US Secretary of Commerce, 1940-45
Vernon Jordan
Business
15-Aug-1935   Advisor to Bill Clinton
Paul X. Kelley
Military
11-Nov-1928   28th USMC Commandant, 1983-87
Jack Kemp
Politician
13-Jul-1935 2-May-2009 American politican, football player
Anthony Kennedy
Judge
23-Jul-1936   US Supreme Court Justice
John F. Kennedy
Head of State
29-May-1917 22-Nov-1963 35th US President, 1961-63
Bob Kerrey
Politician
27-Aug-1943   Governor and Senator from Nebraska
James Kimsey
Business
1939   AOL's founding CEO
Henry Kissinger
Government
27-May-1923   US Secretary of State, 1973-77
Fred Kleisner
Business
c. 1944   CEO of Wyndham International
Melvin Laird
Government
1-Sep-1922   US Secretary of Defense, 1969-73
Paul Laxalt
Politician
2-Aug-1922   US Senator from Nevada, 1974-87
Curtis LeMay
Military
15-Nov-1906 1-Oct-1990 USAF General
Drew Lewis
Government
3-Nov-1931   US Secretary of Transportation, 1981-83
Joseph Lieberman
Politician
24-Feb-1942   US Senator from Connecticut
Charles P. Light, Jr.
Attorney
1902 1976 Prominent Washington attorney, law professor
Trent Lott
Politician
9-Oct-1941   US Senator from Mississippi, 1989-2007
Ben F. Love
Business
1924 13-Jan-2006 CEO of Texas Commerce Bank
Dick Lugar
Politician
4-Apr-1932   US Senator from Indiana
Cecil B. Lyon
Diplomat
8-Nov-1903 6-Apr-1993 US Ambassador to Chile, Sri Lanka
John Macomber
Business
13-Jan-1928   JDM Investment Group
Fred Malek
Government
22-Dec-1936   Thayer Capital Partners
Donald Marron
Business
21-Jul-1934   PaineWebber CEO
George C. Marshall
Military
31-Dec-1880 16-Oct-1959 US Army Chief of Staff, 1939-45
John McCain
Politician
29-Aug-1936   US Senator from Arizona
John J. McCloy
Military
31-Mar-1895 11-Mar-1989 World Bank, Warren Commission
Mitch McConnell
Politician
20-Feb-1942   US Senator from Kentucky
David McCullough
Historian
7-Jul-1933   The American Experience
Ben McKelway
Journalist
2-Oct-1895 1976 Editor, The Washington Star
John G. Medlin, Jr.
Business
23-Nov-1933 7-Jun-2012 CEO of Wachovia, 1977-93
Andrea Mitchell
Journalist
30-Oct-1946   NBC Foreign Affairs Correspondent
Walter Mondale
Politician
5-Jan-1928   US Vice President under Jimmy Carter
R. Michael Mondavi
Business
c. 1943   Second-generation vintner
Robert Mondavi
Business
12-Jun-1913 16-May-2008 Vintner
Robert Mosbacher
Government
11-Mar-1927 24-Jan-2010 US Secretary of Commerce, 1989-92
Daniel Patrick Moynihan
Politician
16-Mar-1927 26-Mar-2003 US Senator from New York, 1977-2001
Terrence Murray
Business
c. 1939   CEO of FleetBoston
Ed Muskie
Politician
28-Mar-1914 26-Mar-1996 US Senator from Maine, 1959-80
Don Nickles
Politician
6-Dec-1948   US Senator from Oklahoma, 1981-2005
Richard M. Nixon
Head of State
9-Jan-1913 22-Apr-1994 37th US President, 1969-74
Patrick Noonan
Activist
c. 1943   Chairman of the Conservation Fund
Sam Nunn
Politician
8-Sep-1938   US Senator from Georgia, 1972-97
John Lord O'Brian
Government
14-Oct-1874 1974 Prominent antitrust lawyer
John J. O'Connor III
Relative
10-Jan-1930 11-Nov-2009 Sandra Day O'Connor's husband
Sandra Day O'Connor
Judge
26-Mar-1930   US Supreme Court Justice, 1981-2006
Rod Paige
Government
17-Jun-1933   US Secretary of Education, 2000-04
Arnold Palmer
Golf
10-Sep-1929   Won 61 PGA tournaments
Richard Parsons
Business
4-Apr-1948   CEO of Time Warner, 2002-07
Landon Parvin
Government
3-Jul-1948   Speechwriter for Reagan, Bush, Schwarzenegger
H. Ross Perot
Business
27-Jun-1930   Eccentric presidential candidate
John J. Pershing
Military
13-Sep-1860 15-Jul-1948 General of the Armies of the United States
Wilton B. Persons
Government
19-Jan-1896 Sep-1977 Eisenhower's Chief of Staff
Colin Powell
Government
5-Apr-1937   US Secretary of State, 2001-05
Lewis F. Powell, Jr.
Judge
19-Sep-1907 25-Aug-1998 US Supreme Court Justice, 1972-87
Heinz C. Prechter
Business
19-Jan-1942 6-Jul-2001 The sunroof king
David Pryor
Politician
29-Aug-1934   US Senator from Arkansas, 1979-97
Dan Quayle
Politician
4-Feb-1947   Vice President under George H.W. Bush
Franklin Raines
Government
14-Jan-1949   CEO of Fannie Mae, 1999-2004
J. Donald Rauth
Business
1918 28-Dec-2005 CEO of Martin Marietta, 1973-83
Sam Rayburn
Politician
6-Jan-1882 16-Nov-1961 Speaker of the US House, 1940-61
Ronald Reagan
Head of State
6-Feb-1911 5-Jun-2004 40th US President, 1981-89
Joseph Verner Reed
Government
17-Dec-1937   US Ambassador to Morocco, 1981-85
Stanley Reed
Judge
31-Dec-1884 2-Apr-1980 US Supreme Court Justice, 1938-57
Donald Regan
Government
21-Dec-1918 10-Jun-2003 US Secretary of the Treasury, 1981-85
William Rehnquist
Judge
1-Oct-1924 3-Sep-2005 US Chief Justice, 1986-2005
Condoleezza Rice
Government
14-Nov-1954   US Secretary of State, 2005-09
Elliot Richardson
Government
20-Jul-1920 31-Dec-1999 Refused to fire Watergate Special Prosecutor
James O. Richardson
Military
18-Sep-1878 2-May-1974 US Admiral
Chuck Robb
Politician
26-Jun-1939   US Senator from Virginia, 1989-2001
Joe Robert
Business
c. 1952   CEO of J.E. Robert Companies
John G. Roberts, Jr.
Judge
27-Jan-1955   US Chief Justice
Pat Roberts
Politician
20-Apr-1936   US Senator from Kansas
David Rockefeller
Business
12-Jun-1915   Founder of the Trilateral Commission
Jay Rockefeller
Politician
18-Jun-1937   US Senator from West Virginia
Nelson Rockefeller
Politician
8-Jul-1908 26-Jan-1979 Ford's Vice President
Charles G. Ross
Government
9-Nov-1885 5-Dec-1950 White House Press Secretary for Truman
Dan Rostenkowski
Politician
2-Jan-1928 11-Aug-2010 Congressman from Illinois, 1959-95
Donald Rumsfeld
Government
9-Jul-1932   US Secretary of Defense, 1975-77 and 2001-06
Frederick Ryan, Jr.
Business
12-Apr-1955   CEO of Allbritton Communications
Leverett Saltonstall
Politician
1-Sep-1892 17-Jun-1979 US Senator from Masachusetts, 1945-67
Everett Sanders
Politician
8-Mar-1882 12-May-1950 Congressman from Indiana, 1917-25
Roger W. Sant
Business
c. 1930   Billionaire, AES
Jim Sasser
Politician
30-Sep-1936   US Senator from Tennessee, 1977-95
James R. Schlesinger
Government
15-Feb-1929   Served Nixon, Ford, Carter
William Schreyer
Business
13-Jan-1928 22-Jan-2011 CEO of Merrill Lynch, 1984-92
William Sessions
Government
27-May-1930   Director of FBI, 1987-93
Donna Shalala
Government
14-Feb-1941   Secretary of HHS, 1993-2001
George Shultz
Government
13-Dec-1920   US Secretary of State, 1982-89
Alan Simpson
Politician
2-Sep-1931   US Senator from Wyoming, 1979-97
Samuel K. Skinner
Government
10-Jun-1938   Bush 41's Chief of Staff
George Smathers
Politician
14-Nov-1913 20-Jan-2007 US Senator from Florida, 1951-69
Roger Smith
Business
12-Jul-1925 29-Nov-2007 CEO of General Motors, 1980-90
Bertrand H. Snell
Politician
9-Dec-1870 2-Feb-1958 Congressman from New York, 1915-39
A. Owsley Stanley
Politician
21-May-1867 12-Aug-1958 US Senator from Kentucky, 1919-25
Harold Stassen
Politician
13-Apr-1907 4-Mar-2001 Perennial presidential candidate
Adolphus Staton
Military
28-Aug-1879 4-Jun-1964 US Navy admiral
Ted Stevens
Politician
18-Nov-1923 10-Aug-2010 US Senator from Alaska, 1968-2009
Potter Stewart
Judge
23-Jan-1915 7-Dec-1985 US Supreme Court Justice, 1958-81
Robert S. Strauss
Diplomat
19-Oct-1918   US Ambassador to Russia, 1991-92
James Symington
Politician
28-Sep-1927   Congressman from Missouri, 1969-77
Robert A. Taft
Politician
8-Sep-1889 31-Jul-1953 US Senator from Ohio, 1939-53
Harry S. Truman
Head of State
8-May-1884 26-Dec-1972 33rd US President, 1945-53
Millard E. Tydings
Politician
6-Apr-1890 9-Feb-1961 US Senator from Maryland, 1927-51
Jack Valenti
Business
5-Sep-1921 26-Apr-2007 Presidential advisor, headed the MPAA
Cyrus Vance
Government
27-Mar-1917 12-Jan-2002 US Secretary of State, 1977-80
Alexander A. Vandegrift
Military
13-Mar-1887 8-May-1973 18th USMC Commandant, 1944-48
Arthur Vandenberg
Politician
22-Mar-1884 18-Apr-1951 US Senator from Michigan, 1928-51
John Vessey
Military
29-Jun-1922   Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff 1982-85
Fred Vinson
Judge
22-Jan-1890 8-Sep-1953 US Chief Justice, 1946-53
James W. Wadsworth, Jr.
Politician
12-Aug-1877 21-Jun-1952 US Senator from New York, 1915-27
John Warner
Politician
18-Feb-1927   US Senator from Virginia, 1979-2009
Mark Warner
Politician
15-Dec-1954   US Senator from Virginia
Earl Warren
Judge
19-Mar-1891 9-Jul-1974 US Chief Justice, 1953-69
James Watkins
Government
7-Mar-1927 26-Jul-2012 US Secretary of Energy, 1989-93
James E. Watson
Politician
2-Nov-1864 29-Jul-1948 US Senator from Indiana, 1916-33
William Webster
Government
6-Mar-1924   FBI Director 1978-87, CIA Director 1987-91
Jack Welch
Business
19-Nov-1935   CEO of GE, 1981-2001
Togo West
Government
21-Jun-1942   US Secretary of the Army, Veterans Affairs
William Westmoreland
Military
26-Mar-1914 18-Jul-2005 Commanded US Army in Vietnam War
George White
Politician
21-Aug-1872 15-Dec-1953 Governor of Ohio, 1931-35
Wallace H. White, Jr.
Politician
6-Aug-1877 31-Mar-1952 US Senator from Maine, 1931-49
Christine Todd Whitman
Government
26-Sep-1946   GWB's first head of EPA
John A. Wickham, Jr.
Military
25-Jun-1928   US Army Chief of Staff, 1983-87
Anthony A. Williams
Politician
28-Jul-1951   Mayor of Washington DC, 1999-2007
James Wolfensohn
Business
1-Dec-1933   World Bank president, 1995-2005
Andrew Young
Politician
12-Mar-1932   Mayor of Atlanta, 1982-90


Do you know something we don't?
Submit a correction or make a comment about this profile



Copyright ©2012 Soylent Communications

NNDB MAPPER


dubya ranch hands


Requires Flash 7+ and Javascript.


Bibliographies

NNDB has added thousands of bibliographies for people, organizations, schools, and general topics, listing more than 50,000 books and 120,000 other kinds of references. They may be accessed by the "Bibliography" tab at the top of most pages, or via the "Related Topics" box in the sidebar. Please feel free to suggest books that might be critical omissions.