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Christian de Duve

Christian de DuveAKA Christian René de Duve

Born: 2-Oct-1917
Birthplace: Thames-Ditton, England
Died: 4-May-2013
Location of death: Grez-Doiceau, Belgium
Cause of death: Euthanasia

Gender: Male
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: Belgium
Executive summary: Microstructure of the cell

Belgian cytologist and biochemist Christian de Duve was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1974, for his research into subcellular biology. He discovered lysosomes (the cell's digestive system) and peroxisomes (organelles where crucial metabolic processes take place), and shared his Nobel honors with Albert Claude and George E. Palade. He was born to refugee parents in England, but his family returned to Antwerp while he was still a child. A naturalized citizen of Belgium, he was promoted to Viscount by the Belgian king in 1989. Citing increased weakness, De Duve chose to end his life in 2013 by euthanasia.

Father: Alphonse de Duve (shopkeeper)
Mother: Madeleine Pungs de Duve
Wife: Janine Herman de Duve (m. 30-Sep-1943)
Son: Thierry de Duve (professor of modern art theory, b. 1944)
Daughter: Anne Duve
Daughter: Françoise Duve
Son: Alain Duve

    Medical School: MD, University of Louvain (1941)
    University: MS Chemistry, University of Louvain (1946)
    Professor: Biochemistry, University of Louvain (1947-85)
    Professor: Biochemical Cytology, Rockefeller University (1962-88)
    Administrator: International Institute of Cellular and Molecular Pathology (1974-91)

    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1974 (with Albert Claude and George E. Palade)
    Pontifical Academy of Sciences
    Naturalized Belgian Citizen
    Belgian Ancestry
    German Ancestry

Author of books:
The Lysosome (1963)
Lysosomes in Biology and Pathology (1975, with Roger Thornton Dean and J T Dingle)
Cellular and Molecular Biology of the Pathological State (1979)
A Guided Tour of the Living Cell (1984, with Neil O Hardy)
Blueprint for a Cell: The Nature and Origin of Life (1991)
Vital Dust: Life As a Cosmic Imperative (1996)
Constraints on the Origin and Evolution of Life (1998)
Life Evolving: Molecules, Mind, and Meaning (2002)
Singularities: Landmarks on the Pathways of Life (2005)
The Origin of Life (2006, video)

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