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Zhores I. Alferov

AKA Jores Ivanovich Alferov

Born: 15-Mar-1930
Birthplace: Vitebsk, Belarus

Gender: Male
Religion: Atheist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: Russia
Executive summary: Developed solar cells for the Sputnik program

Russian physicist Zhores I. Alferov conducted breakthrough research into III-V semiconductor heterostructures, including detailed studies of epitaxy processes, injection properties, lasers, LEDís, and solar cells. His work provided the basis for the optical semiconductors and the solar cells that made the Soviet Union's Sputnik program possible, earning Alferov the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2000, shared with Herbert Kroemer and Jack S. Kilby.

Father: Ivan Karpovich (factory manager)
Mother: Anna Vladimirovna
Brother: Marx (d. 1944 war)
Wife: Tamara Darskaya (m. 1967)

    High School: Secondary School No. 42, Minsk, Belarus (1947)
    University: BS Electronics, St Petersburg Electrotechnical University (1952)
    Scholar: Researcher, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (1953-64)
    University: MS Physics, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (1961)
    Scholar: Senior Researcher, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (1964-67)
    Administrator: Labratory Manager, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (1967-87)
    University: PhD Physics and Mathematics, Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (1970)
    Scholar: Semiconductor Physics, University of Illinois (1970-71)
    Administrator: Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute (1987-)

    USSR Badge of Honor 1959
    Franklin Institute Stuart Ballantine Medal 1971
    Lenin Peace Prize 1972
    USSR Order of the Red Banner of Labor 1975
    Europhysics Prize 1978
    USSR Order of October Revolution 1980
    USSR State Prize 1984
    Order of Lenin 1986
    Heinrich Welker Medal 1987
    FRG A.P. Karpinskii Prize 1989
    RAS Ioffe Prize 1996
    Nobel Prize for Physics 2000 (with Herbert Kroemer and Jack S. Kilby)
    OSA Nicholas Holonyak Award 2000
    Kyoto Prize 2001
    Nauka i Zhizn' (Science and Life) Editorial Board
    Pis'ma v Zhurnal Tekhnicheskoi Fiziki (Technical Physics Letters) Editor-in-Chief
    Belarus National Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 1995
    Franklin Institute Foreign Member, 1971
    German Academy of Science Corresponding Member, 1987
    Korean Academy of Science and Technology Foreign Member, 1995
    National Academy of Engineering Foreign Associate, 1990
    National Academy of Sciences Foreign Associate, 1990
    Optical Society of America Foreign Member, 2000
    Polish Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 1988
    Russian Academy of Sciences 1972
    Ukrainian Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 2000
    Belarusian Ancestry
    Jewish Ancestry
    Russian Ancestry
    Asteroid Namesake 3884 Alferov

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