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Royal Society of Edinburgh

PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATION

Scottish scientific and literary society, founded 1783.

Official Website:
http://www.royalsoced.org.uk/

Founding Date:
1783

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Louis Agassiz
Paleontologist
28-May-1807 14-Dec-1873 Ichthyologist at Harvard
Edward Victor Appleton
Physicist
6-Sep-1892 21-Apr-1965 Ionosphere, shortwave radio
Michael Atiyah
Mathematician
22-Apr-1929   Atiyah-Singer index theorem
John James Audubon
Naturalist
26-Apr-1785 27-Jan-1851 Illustrated Birds of America
Leo Baekeland
Scientist
14-Nov-1863 23-Feb-1944 Father of plastics
Charles Glover Barkla
Physicist
7-Jun-1877 23-Oct-1944 X-ray scattering
Derek Barton
Chemist
8-Sep-1918 16-Mar-1998 Conformational analysis
Sune K. Bergström
Scientist
10-Jan-1916 15-Aug-2004 Prostaglandins
Niels Bohr
Physicist
7-Oct-1885 18-Nov-1962 Father of Quantum Theory
Jules Bordet
Scientist
13-Jun-1870 6-Apr-1961 Researched antibodies and antigens
Max Born
Physicist
11-Dec-1882 5-Jan-1970 Pioneer of quantum mechanics
Nathaniel Bowditch
Astronomer
26-Mar-1773 17-Mar-1838 American Practical Navigator
Lawrence Bragg
Physicist
31-Mar-1890 1-Jul-1971 Bragg's Law of diffraction
Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
Naturalist
7-Sep-1707 16-Apr-1788 Histoire Naturelle
James Chadwick
Physicist
20-Oct-1891 24-Jul-1974 Discovered the neutron
Thomas Chalmers
Religion
17-Mar-1780 30-May-1847 Free Church of Scotland
Sydney Chapman
Mathematician
29-Jan-1888 16-Jun-1970 Geomagnetism
A. J. Clark
Scientist
19-Aug-1885 30-Jul-1941 Drug responses
William Cochran
Physicist
30-Jul-1922 28-Aug-2003 Crystallography
John Dalton
Chemist
6-Sep-1766 27-Jul-1844 Early proponent of Atomic Theory
Henrik Dam
Scientist
21-Feb-1895 Apr-1976 Discovered Vitamin K
Charles Darwin
Naturalist
12-Feb-1809 19-Apr-1882 Proposed theory of evolution via natural selection
George Darwin
Astronomer
9-Jul-1845 7-Dec-1912 Evolution of the Sun-Earth-Moon system
Paul Dirac
Physicist
8-Aug-1902 20-Oct-1984 The Principles of Quantum Mechanics
E. C. Dodds
Scientist
13-Oct-1899 16-Dec-1973 Diethylstilbestrol
Kenneth Dover
Scholar
11-Mar-1920 7-Mar-2010 Greek Homosexuality
Jean-Baptiste-André Dumas
Chemist
14-Jul-1800 10-Apr-1884 Pioneer of organic chemistry
Arthur Eddington
Astronomer
28-Dec-1882 22-Nov-1944 Eddington luminosity
King Edward VIII
Royalty
23-Jun-1894 28-May-1972 King of England, 1936
Albert Einstein
Physicist
14-Mar-1879 18-Apr-1955 Theory of relativity
Gerhard Ertl
Chemist
10-Oct-1936   Auto emissions and the ozone layer
Michael Faraday
Physicist
22-Sep-1791 25-Aug-1867 Discovered electrical induction
Enrico Fermi
Physicist
29-Sep-1901 29-Nov-1954 First controlled nuclear chain reaction
Alexander Fleming
Scientist
6-Aug-1881 11-Mar-1955 Discovered penicillin
Benjamin Franklin
Diplomat
17-Jan-1706 17-Apr-1790 American founding father
T. R. Fraser
Scientist
5-Feb-1841 4-Jan-1920 Made poison and venom into medicine
Maurice Fréchet
Mathematician
2-Sep-1878 4-Jun-1973 Fréchet differential
Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician
30-Apr-1777 23-Feb-1855 Perhaps the greatest German mathematician
Joseph-Louis Gay-Lussac
Chemist
6-Dec-1778 9-May-1850 Researched gases, etc.
Stephen Jay Gould
Biologist
10-Sep-1941 20-May-2002 Evolutionary scientist
Richard Gregory
Psychologist
24-Jul-1923 17-May-2010 Optical illusions and "hands-on" science
Jacques-Salomon Hadamard
Mathematician
8-Dec-1865 17-Oct-1963 Prime number theorem
Marshall Hall
Doctor
18-Feb-1790 11-Aug-1857 Theory of reflex action
John Herschel
Astronomer
7-Mar-1792 11-May-1871 Discovered many moons of Saturn
Peter Higgs
Physicist
29-May-1929   Higgs boson and Higgs field
George W. Hill
Astronomer
3-Mar-1838 16-Apr-1914 A New Theorie of Jupiter and Saturn
Joseph Dalton Hooker
Botanist
30-Jun-1817 10-Dec-1911 Genera Plantarum
Thomas Jefferson
Head of State
13-Apr-1743 4-Jul-1826 3rd US President, 1801-09
James Prescott Joule
Physicist
24-Dec-1818 11-Oct-1889 English physicist, Joule's Law
Jacobus C. Kapteyn
Astronomer
19-Jan-1851 18-Jun-1922 Star streaming
Lord Kelvin
Physicist
26-Jun-1824 17-Dec-1907 Illustrated 2nd Law of Thermodynamics
Sir Harold Kroto
Chemist
7-Oct-1939   Co-Discovered fullerenes
Samuel P. Langley
Astronomer
22-Aug-1834 2-Feb-1906 Heavier-than-air flying machine
Ernest Lawrence
Physicist
8-Aug-1901 27-Aug-1958 Inventor of the cyclotron
Leopold I
Royalty
16-Dec-1790 10-Dec-1865 First King of the Belgians
Tullio Levi-Civita
Mathematician
29-Mar-1873 29-Dec-1941 Explored tensor calculus and PDE's
Joseph Lister
Doctor
5-Apr-1827 10-Feb-1912 Pioneer of antiseptic surgery
Hendrik Lorentz
Physicist
18-Jul-1853 4-Feb-1928 Electrons
John Macleod
Scientist
6-Sep-1876 16-Mar-1935 Helped discover insulin
Peter Medawar
Biologist
28-Feb-1915 2-Oct-1987 Acquired immunological tolerance
Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist
8-Feb-1834 2-Feb-1907 Periodic Table of the Elements
Peter Mitchell
Chemist
29-Sep-1920 10-Apr-1992 ADP to ATP conversion in mitochondia
Keith Moffatt
Mathematician
12-Apr-1935   Fluid dynamics
Friedrich Mohs
Geologist
29-Jan-1773 29-Sep-1839 Mohs Scale of Mineral Hardness
Benjamin Peirce
Mathematician
4-Apr-1809 10-Jun-1880 Idempotent and nilpotent
Max Planck
Physicist
23-Apr-1858 4-Oct-1947 Originator of quantum theory
Henri Poincaré
Mathematician
29-Apr-1854 17-Jul-1912 Poincaré Conjecture
John C. Polanyi
Chemist
23-Jan-1929   Infrared chemiluminescence
George Porter
Chemist
6-Dec-1920 31-Aug-2002 Rapid chemical and biological processes
Lord Rayleigh
Physicist
12-Nov-1842 30-Jun-1919 Why the sky is blue
Lord Robertson
Politician
12-Apr-1946   NATO Secretary General, 1999-2003
Sir Robert Robinson
Chemist
13-Sep-1886 8-Feb-1975 Researcher of alkaloids
Ernest Rutherford
Physicist
30-Aug-1871 19-Oct-1937 Father of nuclear physics
Sir Walter Scott
Author
15-Aug-1771 21-Sep-1832 Ivanhoe
Glenn Seaborg
Physicist
19-Apr-1912 25-Feb-1999 Co-Discoverer of Plutonium
Manne Siegbahn
Physicist
3-Dec-1886 26-Sep-1978 X-Ray spectroscopy
Adam Smith
Economist
5-Jun-1723 17-Jul-1790 The Wealth of Nations
Ralph M. Steinman
Biologist
14-Jan-1943 30-Sep-2011 Dendritic cells
Richard L. M. Synge
Chemist
28-Oct-1914 18-Aug-1994 Partition chromatography
Alfred Lord Tennyson
Poet
6-Aug-1809 6-Oct-1892 The Charge of the Light Brigade
D'Arcy Thompson
Biologist
2-May-1860 21-Jun-1948 On Growth and Form
Alexander R. Todd
Chemist
2-Oct-1907 10-Jan-1997 Nuclaic acid, nucleotides
Edward Troughton
Inventor
Oct-1753 12-Jun-1835 Early scientific instruments
Vincent du Vigneaud
Chemist
18-May-1901 11-Dec-1978 Synthesized vasopressin and oxytocin
Artturi Virtanen
Chemist
15-Jan-1895 11-Nov-1973 AIV method of fodder preservation
James Watt
Inventor
19-Jan-1736 19-Aug-1819 Invented modern steam engine
Wilhelm Weber
Physicist
24-Oct-1804 23-Jun-1891 Student of electromagnetism
Charles Wheatstone
Physicist
6-Feb-1802 19-Oct-1875 Inventor of the telegraph
Kurt Wüthrich
Chemist
4-Oct-1938   Magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Hideki Yukawa
Physicist
23-Jan-1907 8-Sep-1981 Predicted existence of mesons


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