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William Cochran

Born: 30-Jul-1922
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: 28-Aug-2003
Location of death: Edinburgh, Scotland
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist, Chemist

Nationality: Scotland
Executive summary: Crystallography

Scottish physicist William Cochran made important early contributions to x-ray crystallography of biological compounds, and researched lattice dynamics, neutron diffraction, and the structure of the rochelle salt crystals. He worked under Nobel laureate Lawrence Bragg, and later collaborated with two future Nobel winners, first assisting Francis Crick in understanding the diffraction patterns of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), which Crick and James Watson developed into their double helix, and later worked with Bertram N. Brockhouse on neutron scattering, which underpinned Brockhouse's later work.

Wife: Ingegerd Cochran (m. 1953, one son, two daughters)

    High School: Boroughmuir High School, Edinburgh, Scotland (1942)
    University: BS Physics, University of Edinburgh (1946)
    Teacher: Natural Philosophy, University of Edinburgh (1946-48)
    University: PhD Chemistry, University of Edinburgh (1946)
    Teacher: Chemistry, Cambridge University (1948-64)
    Professor: Physics, University of Edinburgh (1964-87)
    Administrator: Dean of Science, University of Edinburgh (1979-82)
    Administrator: Vice Principal, University of Edinburgh (1984-87)

    Hughes Medal 1978
    Royal Society
    Royal Society of Edinburgh Vice President (1982-85)


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