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Rudyard Kipling

Rudyard KiplingAKA Joseph Rudyard Kipling

Born: 30-Dec-1865
Birthplace: Bombay, India
Died: 18-Jan-1936
Location of death: London, England
Cause of death: Cerebral Hemorrhage
Remains: Buried, Poets' Corner, Westminster Abbey, London, England

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Author, Poet

Nationality: England
Executive summary: The Jungle Book

Rudyard Kipling was a 19th and 20th century writer of great renown, the most widely read British author of his era, and winner of the 1907 Nobel Prize for Literature. He was born to British parents in Bombay and spent his first six years in India, before being left in the care of an unrelated family in England for what was deemed a more "normal" upbringing (though Kipling said later that he was abused and tortured while in the custody of this foster family). He later attended boarding school at the United Services College in north Devon, and embarked on a career as a journalist and, eventually, a writer of poetry and fiction.

His best known work is The Jungle Book, a warmhearted collection of children's stories about a boy named Mowgli, raised by wolves and befriended by other animals in the jungles of India. Kipling's other noted works include the poems "If," "The Ballad of East and West," "Mandalay," and "The White Man's Burden," the short story "The Man Who Would Be a King," and the novel Captains Courageous. The artists Edward Burne-Jones and Edward Poynter were his uncles, and British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin was his cousin. Science fiction maestro John W. Campbell frequently cited Kipling as a key inspiration.

Father: John Lockwood Kipling (museum director, b. 6-Jul-1837, d. 26-Jan-1911)
Mother: Alice Broune MacDonald (b. 4-Apr-1837, m. 18-Mar-1865, d. 23-Nov-1910)
Sister: Alice MacDonald Kipling Fleming ("Trix", b. 11-Jun-1868, d. 1948)
Brother: Baby Kipling (b. 1870, d. 1870)
Wife: Caroline Starr Balestier (b. 31-Dec-1862, m. 19-Jan-1892 until his death, d. 19-Dec-1939)
Daughter: Josephine Kipling (b. Dec-1892, d. 1899)
Daughter: Elsie Kipling Bambridge (b. 2-Feb-1896, m. 23-May-1976)
Son: John Kipling (b. 1897, d. 1915 WWI, Battle of Loos)

    High School: United Services College, North Devon (boarding school)

    Athenaeum Club (London)
    Carlton Club
    Literary Club
    Nobel Prize for Literature 1907
    Gold Medal of the Royal Society of Literature 1926
    Risk Factors: Insomnia

Author of books:
Departmental Ditties (1886, poetry)
Plain Tales from the Hills (1888, short stories)
The Phantom Rickshaw (1889, short stories)
The Light that Failed (1890, novel)
Life's Handicap (1891, short stories)
Barrack-Room Ballads (1892)
Many Inventions (1893, short stories)
The Jungle Book (1894, novel)
The Second Jungle Book (1895, novel)
Captains Courageous (1897, novel)
The Day's Work (1898, short stories)
Kim (1901, novel)
Just So Stories (1902, short stories)
Traffics and Discoveries (1904, short stories)
Puck of Pook's Hill (1906)
Actions and Reactions (1909, short stories)
Rewards and Fairies (1910)
Debits and Credits (1926, short stories)
Limits and Renewals (1932, short stories)
Something of Myself: For My Fiends Known and Unknown (1932, memoir)

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