Julius Plücker AKA Julius Robert Plücker Born: 16Jul1801 [1] Birthplace: Wuppertal, Germany Died: 22May1868 Location of death: Bonn, Germany Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, Alter Friedhof, Bonn, Germany
Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Mathematician, Physicist Nationality: Germany Executive summary: Analytical geometry Mathematician and physicist Julius Plücker extended the study of Lamé curves and introduced modern abridged algebraic notation. His name is referenced in Plücker equations on the order and class of a curve, Plücker coordinates in geometry, and Plücker embedding and the Plücker formula in mathematics. With Heinrich Geissler he constructed the first modern luminous gas discharge tubes, researched magnetic effects on the electric discharge in rarefied gases, discovered the fluorescent glow later identified as being caused by cathode rays, and noted how these rays could be controlled. His students included cathode ray physicist Johann Hittorf. [1] Often cited as 16Jun1801, but 16Jul1801 is engraved on Plücker's tombstone.Wife: (married, one son)
High School: Düsseldorf Gymnasium, Düsseldorf, Germany University: University of Bonn University: University of Heidelberg University: University of Berlin University: Geometry, University of Paris University: PhD Mathematics, University of Marburg (1823) Teacher: Mathematics, University of Bonn (182428) Professor: Mathematics, University of Bonn (182833) Professor: Mathematics, University of Berlin (183334) Teacher: Friedrich Wilhelm Gymnasium, Berlin, Germany (183334) Professor: Mathematics, University of Halle (183436) Professor: Mathematics, University of Bonn (193647) Professor: Physics, University of Bonn (194768)
Copley Medal 1866 Royal Society 1855 French Ancestry
German Ancestry
Author of books:
AnalytischGeometrische Entwickelungen (Developments in Analytical Geometry) (1828) System der Analytischen Geometrie (System of Analytical Geometry) (1835) Theorie der Algebraischen Kurven (Theory of Algebraic Curves) (1839) Neue Geometrie des Raumes (New Geometry of Space) (1868)
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