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Bernard Katz

Bernard KatzBorn: 26-Mar-1911
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: 20-Apr-2003
Location of death: London, England
Cause of death: Natural Causes

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Neurotransmitters and the pineal gland

Military service: Royal Australian Air Force (radar technician, 1942-44)

German-born biophysicist Bernard Katz spent decades studying nerves, muscles, and neuromuscular transmission. He was awarded the 1970 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology, for his research into the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which conducts impulses from nerves to muscles. Katz's Nobel honors were shared with Julius Axelrod and Ulf von Euler.

He fled Nazi Germany on a League of Nations stateless-persons pass in 1935, and served in World War II as a radar technician in Australia's Air Force. In his early career, Katz studied under Nobel laureates Archibald V. Hill and John Eccles. In his later years he investigated the biochemistry of the pineal gland, focusing on the production of melatonin.

Father: Max Katz (fur merchant)
Mother: Eugenie Rabinowitz Katz
Wife: Marguerite Penly Katz ("Rita")
Son: David Katz (b. 1947)
Son: Jonathan Katz (b. 1950)

    High School: König-Albert Gymnasium, Leipzig, Germany (1929)
    Medical School: MD, University of Leipzig (1934)
    Scholar: Biophysics, University College London (1935-39)
    University: PhD, University of London (1938)
    University: D Sc, University of London (1942)
    Scholar: Electrophysiology, University of Sydney (1937-44)
    Teacher: Biophysics, University College London (1946-50)
    Teacher: Physiology, University College London (1950-52)
    Professor: Biophysics, University College London (1952-78)

    Copley Medal 1967
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1970 (with Julius Axelrod and Ulf von Euler)
    Knight of the British Empire 1969
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    Royal College of Physicians
    Royal Society
    Naturalized UK Citizen
    German Ancestry
    Jewish Ancestry
    Polish Ancestry Maternal
    Russian Ancestry

Author of books:
Electric Excitation of Nerve (1939)
Nerve, Muscle and Synapse (1966)
The Release of Neural Transmitter Substances (1969)
Calcium, Neuronal Function and Transmitter Release (1986, with Rami Rahamimoff)

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