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John Eccles

John EcclesAKA John Carew Eccles

Born: 27-Jan-1903
Birthplace: Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Died: 2-May-1997
Location of death: Contra, Switzerland
Cause of death: Natural Causes
Remains: Buried, Contra, Switzerland

Gender: Male
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: Australia
Executive summary: Membrane potential of nerves

For his research into synapses, tiny nerve-cell junctions, Australian neurophysiologist John Eccles shared the 1963 Nobel Prize for Medicine with Alan L. Hodgkin and Andrew F. Huxley. Eccles studied under Charles Sherrington, and also worked with future Nobel laureate Ragnar Granit. He was influenced by the Karl Popper's philosophical teachings, and they co-authored The Self and its Brain.

Father: William James Eccles (teacher)
Mother: Mary Carew Eccles (teacher)
Wife: Irene Frances Miller Eccles (m. 1928, div. 1968)
Daughter: Rosamond Eccles (neurophysiologist)
Son: Peter Eccles (meteorologist)
Wife: Helena Táboríková Eccles (neurophysiologist/physician, m. 1968)

    High School: Melbourne High School, Melbourne, Australia (1921)
    University: BS Medicine, University of Melbourne (1925)
    University: PhD, Oxford University (1929)
    Scholar: Oxford University (1932-37)
    Scholar: Electrophysiology, University of Sydney (1937-44)
    Professor: Physiology, University of Otago (1944-51)
    Professor: Physiology, Australian National University, Canberra (1951-66)
    Professor: Neurophysiology, Institute of Biomedical Research (1966-68)
    Professor: Neurobiology, State University of New York (1968-97)

    Rhodes Scholarship 1926
    Knight of the British Empire 1958
    Royal Medal 1962
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1963 (with Alan L. Hodgkin and Andrew F. Huxley)
    Australian of the Year 1973
    Royal Society 1941
    National Academy of Sciences 1966
    Pontifical Academy of Sciences

Author of books:
Reflex Activity of the Spinal Cord (1932)
The Neurophysiological Basis of Mind: The Principles of Neurophysiology (1953)
The Physiology of Nerve Cells (1957)
The Inhibitory Pathways of the Central Nervous System (1969)
Facing Reality: Philosophical Adventures by a Brain Scientist (1970)
Brain and Human Behavior (1972, with A. G. Karczmar)
The Understanding of the Brain (1973)
The Self and its Brain (1977, with Karl Popper)
Sherrington: His Life and Thought (1979, with William C. Gibson)
The Human Mystery (1979)
The Human Psyche (1980)
The Wonder of Being Human (1984, with Daniel N. Robinson)
Mind and Brain: The Many-Faceted Problems (1985)
Molecular Neurobiology of the Mammalian Brain (1985, with Edith G. McGeer and Patrick L. McGeer)
Evolution of the Brain: Creation of the Self (1989)
How the Self Controls Its Brain (1994)

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