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Corneille Heymans

Corneille HeymansAKA Corneille Jean François Heymans

Born: 28-Mar-1892
Birthplace: Ghent, Belgium
Died: 18-Jul-1968
Location of death: Knokke, Belgium
Cause of death: Stroke

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: Belgium
Executive summary: Aortic and carotid chemoreceptors

Military service: Belgian military, Field Artillery Officer (1915-19)

Belgian physiologist Corneille Heymans studied circulation, the sensory mechanism, and arterial blood pressure. Using severed dogs' heads, Heymans was able to demonstrate how the carotid artery regulates breathing. For this he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 1938. In 1950 he proved that specialized nerve endings called pressoreceptors, sensitive to stretch of the vessel walls, regulate blood pressure.

He performed most of his work at the J. F. Heymans Institute of Pharmacology and Therapeutics at the University of Ghent, named for Dr Heymans' father, who was a Professor of pharmacology and rector there. His father was Heymans' co-researcher on most of his early work, and probably would have shared Nobel honors had he not died several years before his son's nomination.

Father: Jean-François Heymans (Professor of pharmacology at University of Ghent)
Wife: Berthe May Heymans (ophthalmologist, m. 1921)
Daughter: Marie-Henriette Heymans
Son: Pierre Heymans
Son: Jean Heymans
Daughter: Berthe Heymans

    High School: St. Lievens College, Ghent
    High School: St. Jozefs College, Turnhout
    High School: St. Barbara College, Ghent
    Medical School: MD, University of Ghent (1920)
    Teacher: Pharmacodynamics, University of Ghent (1922-30)
    Professor: Pharmacology, University of Ghent (1930-63)

    World Health Organization 1953-63
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1938

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