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Vincent du Vigneaud

Vincent du VigneaudBorn: 18-May-1901
Birthplace: Chicago, IL
Died: 11-Dec-1978
Location of death: White Plains, NY
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Synthesized vasopressin and oxytocin

Vincent du Vigneaud began experimenting with explosives in his spare time while he was still in high school, and worked his way through college with jobs as an apple picker, librarian's assistant, mechanic, and waiter. He studied the hormone insulin, methyl groups, and penicillin, and researched sulfur compounds, particularly the amino acids cystine, cysteine, and methionine, each of which contain sulfur. He isolated vitamin H (biotin) in 1940, and described its structure in 1942. He synthesized penicillin in 1946, synthesized the pituitary hormones oxytocin and vasopressin in 1953 and 1954, respectively, and won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1955. He was idled by a stroke in 1974, and died four years later. He was known for his general joviality, and friends called him "Dee".

Father: Alfred J. du Vigneaud (machine designer)
Mother: Mary Theresa du Vigneaud
Sister: Bertha (older)
Wife: Zella Zon Ford (chemistry teacher, m. 12-Jun-1924, d. 1977, one son, one daughter)
Son: Vincent, Jr. (physician, b. 1933)
Daughter: Marilyn Renee Brown (physician, b. 1935)

    High School: Carl Schurz High School, Chicago, IL (1918)
    University: BS Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1923)
    University: MS Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1924)
    Scholar: University of Pennsylvania (1924-25)
    University: PhD Biochemistry, University of Rochester (1927)
    Scholar: Johns Hopkins University (1927-28)
    Scholar: Kaiser Wilhelm Institut in Dresden (1928-29)
    Scholar: University College London (1928-29)
    Scholar: University of Edinburgh (1929)
    Teacher: Physiological Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1929-32)
    Professor: Biochemistry, George Washington University Medical School (1932-38)
    Professor: Biochemistry, Cornell University Medical College, NYC (1938-67)
    Professor: Chemistry, Cornell University (1967-75)

    CSW Hillebrand Award 1936
    William H. Nichols Medal 1945
    Borden Award 1947
    Lasker Award 1948
    Osborne and Mendel Award 1954
    John Scott Medal 1954
    Chandler Medal 1955
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1955
    Passano Award 1955
    Willard Gibbs Medal 1956
    DuPont 1924-25
    National Research Council Fellowship, 1927-29
    Alpha Chi Sigma Chemistry Fraternity 1930
    American Association for the Advancement of Science
    American Philosophical Society 1944
    American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology President, 1951
    American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology President, 1951
    Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
    National Academy of Sciences 1944
    National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases Trustee
    New York Academy of Sciences
    Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala Foreign Member, 1950
    Royal Society of Edinburgh Foreign Member, 1955
    Royal Institution of Great Britain Foreign Member, 1959
    Stroke 1974
    French Ancestry

Author of books:
A Trail of Research in Sulphur Chemistry and Metabolism and Related Field (1952, lectures)

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