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Alois Alzheimer

Born: 14-Jun-1864
Birthplace: Markbreit, Germany
Died: 19-Dec-1915
Location of death: Wroclaw, Poland
Cause of death: Heart Failure
Remains: Buried, Hauptfreidhof, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany

Gender: Male
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Doctor, Psychologist, Scientist

Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: Alzheimer's Disease

In 1906, German psychiatrist and neuropathologist Alois Alzheimer summarized the case of Auguste Deter, who had told him early in her treatment, "I have lost myself." She had been a normal, healthy woman, but beginning at age 51 she developed progressive memory lapses, disorientation, aphasia (inability to use language), and she had grown unable to care for herself, eventually dying at the age of 55. After her death, Alzheimer examined her brain under his microscope, and described the plaques that had accumulated in the ordinarily empty space between nerve cells, and tangles of string-like substances, now known to be characteristic of the disease that bears Alzheimer's name.

Prior to his most famous discovery, Alzheimer worked under Emil Kraepelin at the Royal Psychiatric Clinic, and practiced at the Municipal Hospital for Lunatics and Epileptics in Frankfurt. His other research focused on epilepsy, Huntington's chorea, and general paralysis among the insane. In 1995, Eli Lilly purchased the house where Alzheimer was born, and it is now a conference center and memorial.

Father: Eduard Alzheimer (notary, b. 21-Mar-1830)
Mother: Barbara Theresia Busch Alzheimer (b. 21-Apr-1840, m. 1862)
Wife: Cecile Nathalie Wallerstein Geisenheimer (m. 6-Jul-1860, d. 28-Feb-1901, three children)
Daughter: Gertrud Alzheimer Stertz
Son: Hans Alzheimer (author)
Daughter: Maria Alzheimer

    High School: Aschaffenburg Gymnasium, Aschaffenburg, Germany
    University: University of Berlin
    University: University of Tübingen
    Medical School: MD, University of Würzburg (1887)
    Administrator: Psychiatry and Neurology, Friedrich-Wilhelm-University in Breslau (1912-15)

    Bavarian Ancestry
    German Ancestry

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