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Emil Kraepelin

Born: 15-Feb-1856
Birthplace: Neustrelitz, Germany
Died: 7-Oct-1926
Location of death: Munich, Germany
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Psychiatrist

Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: Manic depression and schizophrenia

One of the most influential psychiatrists of his time, Emil Kraepelin was a contemporary of Sigmund Freud but argued for a biological cause of psychiatric diseases, as opposed to Freud's theories of psychoanalysis. Kraepelin believed that most mental illnesses could be categorized as either manic-depressive or dementia praecox (schizophrenia), and he was among the first to seriously study mental diseases (psychoses). His 1921 book Manic Depressive Insanity and Paranoia included comprehensive descriptions of myriad forms of depression and mania, and his classification of mental disorders remains the basis used by both the World Health Organization and the American Psychiatric Association.

Father: Karl Kraepelin (music teacher)
Brother: Charles Kraepelin (b. 1847, d. 1915)

    High School: Gymnasium Carolinum, Neustrelitz, Germany (1874)
    University: University of Würzburg
    Professor: Psychiatry, University of Tartu
    Professor: Psychiatry, University of Heidelberg
    Professor: Psychiatry, University of Munich

Author of books:
Compendium of Psychiatry (1883)
Clinical Psychiatry: A Text-Book for Students and Physicians (1902)
Lectures on Clinical Psychiatry (1904)
Dementia Praecox and Paraphrenia (1919)
Manic Depressive Insanity and Paranoia (1921)

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