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George H. Whipple

George H. WhippleAKA George Hoyt Whipple

Born: 28-Aug-1878
Birthplace: Ashland, NH
Died: 2-Feb-1976
Location of death: Rochester, NY
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Cremated, Mount Hope Cemetery, Rochester, NY

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Bile, hemoglobin, and the liver

George Whipple studied anemia, the origin and excretion of bile pigments, blackwater fever, chloroform poisoning, lesions of the intestinal tract, jaundice, liver pathology, pancreatitis, parasitic infections, the metabolism of pigments and iron, regeneration of plasma proteins, and tuberculosis. His most famous work was the discovery that pernicious anemia (hemoglobin deficiency), which had previously been an almost invariably fatal disease, could be effectively treated by feeding the patient large amounts of raw or cooked beef liver. For this finding, Dr. Whipple shared the 1934 Nobel Prize for Medicine with George R. Minot and William P. Murphy. He gave a third of his prize winning to his long-time assistant, Frieda Saur Robscheit-Robbins.

He also studied tropical diseases while working in Panama during the construction of the canal, and later served for many years as an administrator and trustee for the Rockefeller Foundation. He was the Dean of the School of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of Rochester, and as a pathologist, he was the first to diagnose lipodystrophia intestinalis in an autopsy. The malady is now known as Whipple's Disease.

Father: Ashley Cooper Whipple (physician, b. 4-Feb-1852, d. 4-Apr-1880 pneumonia)
Mother: Frances Anna Hoyt Whipple (b. 15-Jun-1857, d. 1904)
Sister: Ashley Hoyt Whipple Platt (b. 9-Jul-1880, d.)
Wife: Katherine Ball Waring Whipple (b. circa 1885, m. 1914, d.)
Son: George Hoyt Whipple Jr (physician, b. 1917, d.)
Daughter: Barbara Whipple Schilling (b. 1921, d. 1989)

    High School: Phillips Academy Andover, Andover, MA (1896)
    University: BA, Yale University (1900)
    Teacher: Mathematics and Science, St. John's Military School, Ossining, NY (1900-01)
    Medical School: MD, Johns Hopkins University (1905)
    Teacher: Pathology, Johns Hopkins University (1905-14)
    Professor: Research Medicine, University of California at San Francisco (1914-21)
    Administrator: University of California at San Francisco (1920-21)
    Professor: Pathology, University of Rochester (1921-55)
    Administrator: University of Rochester (1921-55)

    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1934 (with George R. Minot and William P. Murphy)
    Sigma Xi Scientific Research Society
    Rockefeller Foundation Trustee (1939-60)
    Rockefeller Foundation Board of Scientific Directors (1936-53)

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