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American Astronomical Society

PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATION

Founded 1899 as the Astronomical and Astrophysical Society of America, name changed to its present form in 1912. "The American Astronomical Society (AAS), established 1899, is the major organization of professional astronomers in North America. The basic objective of the AAS is to promote the advancement of astronomy and closely related branches of science. The membership (7,000) also includes physicists, mathematicians, geologists, engineers and others whose research interests lie within the broad spectrum of subjects now comprising contemporary astronomy."

Official Website:
http://www.aas.org/

Location:
Washington, DC

Founding Date:
6-Sep-1899

NameOccupationBirthDeathKnown for
Walter S. Adams
Astronomer
20-Dec-1876 11-May-1956 Long-time director of Mt. Wilson Observatory
Harold D. Babcock
Astronomer
24-Jan-1882 8-Apr-1968 Solar radiation
Horace W. Babcock
Astronomer
13-Sep-1912 29-Aug-2003 Adaptive optics and the Babcock Model
Hans Bethe
Physicist
2-Jul-1906 6-Mar-2005 Atomic scientist
Bart Jan Bok
Astronomer
28-Apr-1906 5-Aug-1983 Bok globules
John G. Bolton
Astronomer
5-Jun-1922 6-Jul-1993 First Director of Parkes Observatory
Ira S. Bowen
Astronomer
21-Dec-1898 6-Feb-1973 Debunked nebulium
Dirk Brouwer
Astronomer
1-Sep-1902 31-Jan-1966 Celestial mechanics
Ernest W. Brown
Astronomer
29-Nov-1866 22-Jul-1938 Tables of the Motion of the Moon
E. Margaret Burbidge
Astronomer
12-Aug-1919   Synthesis of the elements in stars
Geoffrey Burbidge
Astronomer
24-Sep-1925 26-Jan-2010 Quasi-steady state cosmology
Jocelyn Bell Burnell
Astronomer
15-Jul-1943   Co-Discoverer of pulsars
William W. Campbell
Astronomer
11-Apr-1862 14-Jun-1938 Stellar Motions
Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
11-Dec-1863 13-Apr-1941 Census-taker of the sky
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
Astronomer
19-Oct-1910 21-Aug-1995 Evolutionary stages of stars
France A. Córdova
Educator
5-Aug-1947   President, Purdue University
William A. Fowler
Astronomer
9-Aug-1911 14-Mar-1995 Element generation within stars
Riccardo Giacconi
Astronomer
6-Oct-1931   Discovered cosmic X-ray sources
Robert R. Gilruth
Engineer
18-Oct-1913 17-Aug-2000 NASA scientist
Jesse L. Greenstein
Astronomer
15-Oct-1909 21-Oct-2002 Co-Discoverer of quasars
Alan Guth
Physicist
27-Feb-1947   Inflationary theory of cosmology
George Herbig
Astronomer
2-Jan-1920   Herbig-Haro objects
Robert P. Kraft
Astronomer
16-Jun-1927   Lick Observatory
Henrietta Swan Leavitt
Astronomer
4-Jul-1868 12-Dec-1921 Cepheid variable
Robert B. Leighton
Astronomer
10-Sep-1919 9-Mar-1997 Leighton dishes
Armin O. Leuschner
Astronomer
16-Jan-1868 22-Apr-1953 Astronomer at Berkeley
Alfred Lee Loomis
Physicist
4-Nov-1887 1-Aug-1975 Millionaire scientist
Frank J. Low
Astronomer
23-Nov-1933 11-Jun-2009 Infrared astronomy
Geoffrey W. Marcy
Astronomer
29-Sep-1954   Discoverer of exoplanets
Paul W. Merrill
Astronomer
15-Aug-1887 19-Jul-1961 S-process of nucleosynthesis
Charlotte E. Moore
Astronomer
24-Sep-1898 3-Mar-1990 Technetium in the Sun
William W. Morgan
Astronomer
3-Jan-1906 21-Jun-1994 Spiral arms of the Milky Way Galaxy
Donald E. Osterbrock
Astronomer
13-Jul-1924 11-Jan-2007 Director of Lick Observatory, 1973-81
Bohdan Paczynski
Astronomer
8-Feb-1940 19-Apr-2007 Gravitational microlensing
Eugene Parker
Astronomer
10-Jun-1927   Solar winds
Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
Astronomer
10-May-1900 7-Dec-1979 Hydrogen in the Sun
Saul Perlmutter
Astronomer
1959   Accelerating expansion of the universe
Grote Reber
Astronomer
22-Dec-1911 20-Dec-2002 First radio astronomer
Bruno Rossi
Astronomer
13-Apr-1905 21-Nov-1993 Rossi curve and magnetopause
Henry Norris Russell
Astronomer
25-Oct-1877 18-Feb-1957 Giant stars and dwarfs
Carl Sagan
Astronomer
9-Nov-1934 20-Dec-1996 Popular astronomer, host of Cosmos
Edwin E. Salpeter
Astronomer
3-Dec-1924 26-Nov-2008 Quantitative electron microscopic autoradiography
Allan R. Sandage
Astronomer
18-Jun-1926 13-Nov-2010 Quasars and Hubble-Sandage variable stars
Wallace Sargent
Astronomer
15-Feb-1935   Astrophysicist at CalTech
Frank Schlesinger
Astronomer
11-May-1871 10-Jul-1943 Stellar parallaxes
Maarten Schmidt
Astronomer
28-Dec-1929   Co-Discoverer of quasars
Martin Schwarzschild
Astronomer
31-May-1912 10-Apr-1997 Structure and Evolution of the Stars
Harlow Shapley
Astronomer
2-Nov-1885 20-Oct-1972 Organizer of Heaven
Lyman Spitzer, Jr.
Astronomer
26-Jun-1914 31-Mar-1997 Father of space telescopes
Joel Stebbins
Astronomer
30-Jul-1878 16-Mar-1966 Photoelectric photometry
Otto Struve
Astronomer
12-Aug-1897 6-Apr-1963 Hydrogen in the interstellar medium
Ambrose Swasey
Business
19-Dec-1846 15-Jun-1937 Warner and Swasey Company and Observatory
Joseph H. Taylor, Jr.
Astronomer
24-Mar-1941   Co-Discovered first binary pulsar
Charles H. Townes
Physicist
28-Jul-1915   Invention of the maser and laser
Neil deGrasse Tyson
Astronomer
5-Oct-1958   Astrophysicist
Harold C. Urey
Chemist
29-Apr-1893 5-Jan-1981 Discovered Deuterium
James Van Allen
Astronomer
7-Sep-1914 9-Aug-2006 Discovered the Van Allen Belt
Robert Woodrow Wilson
Astronomer
10-Jan-1936   Detected primordial radiation


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