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The name given from about the middle of the 16th century to the Protestants of France. It is an old French word, common in 14th and 15th century charters. As the Protestants called the Catholics papistes, so the Catholics called the Protestants huguenots. Henri Estienne, one of the great savants of his time, in the introduction to his Apologie d'Herodote (1566) gives a very clear explanation of the term huguenots. The Protestants at Tours, he says, used to assemble by night near the gate of King Hugo, whom the people regarded as a spirit. A monk, therefore, in a sermon declared that the Lutherans ought to be called Huguenots as kinsmen of King Hugo, inasmuch as they would only go out at night as he did. This nickname became popular from 1560 onwards, and for a long time the French Protestants were always known by it.

Philip Benedict. The Faith and Fortunes of France's Huguenots, 1600-85. Ashgate. 2001. 336pp.

Jon Butler. The Huguenots in America: A Refugee People in New World Society. Harvard University Press. 1983. 264pp.

Matthew Glozier. Huguenot Soldiers of William of Orange and the Glorious Revolution of 1688: The Lions of Judah. Sussex Academic Press. 2002. 228pp.

Matthew Glozier; David Onnekink (editors). War, Religion and Service: Huguenot Soldiering, 1685-1713. Ashgate. 2007. 296pp.

Robin Gwynn. Huguenot Heritage: The History and Contribution of the Huguenots in Britain. Sussex Academic Press. 2001. 261pp. 2nd Edition.

Raymond Hylton. Ireland's Huguenots and Their Refuge, 1662-1745: An Unlikely Haven. Sussex Academic Press. 2005. 226pp.

Raymond A. Mentzer; Andrew Spicer (editors). Society and Culture in the Huguenot World, 1559-1685. Cambridge University Press. 2002. 260pp.

Brian E. Strayer. Huguenots and Camisards as Aliens in France, 1598-1789: The Struggle for Religious Toleration. E. Mellen Press. 2001. 616pp.

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