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J. Georg Bednorz

J. Georg BednorzAKA Johannes Georg Bednorz

Born: 16-May-1950
Birthplace: Neuenkirchen, North-Rhine Westphalia, Germany

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist, Chemist

Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: High-temperature superconductivity

German physicist J. Georg Bednorz graduated from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in 1982, and was hired by IBM's physics lab in Zurich. He was assigned to help K. Alex Müller, who had been his doctoral advisor, in his quest for superconductivity (disappearance of electrical resistance at extremely low temperatures) at higher critical temperatures, and in 1986 they showed that a compound of lanthanum, barium, and copper oxide that had a critical temperature of 35 K (-238°C), substantially warmer than the norm for superconductivity in other materials. In 1987, just five years after earning his PhD, Bednorz was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics, shared with Müller. Since then Bednorz has studied phase transitions, quantum ferroelectricity, metallic conductivity, and development of high Tc superconductors.

Father: Anton Bednorz (teacher)
Mother: Elisabeth Bednorz (teacher)
Wife: Mechthild Wennemer (scientist)

    University: BS Crystallography, University of Münster (1976)
    University: PhD Physics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich (1982)

    Marcel Benoist Award 1986 (with K. Alex Müller)
    Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics 1987 (with K. Alex Müller)
    Fritz London Memorial Prize 1987 (with K. Alex Müller)
    GMS Viktor Moritz Goldschmidt Award 1987
    GPS Robert Wichard Pohl Prize 1987 (with K. Alex Müller)
    IBM Fellow 1987
    Nobel Prize for Physics 1987 (with K. Alex Müller)
    Otto Klung Weberbank Prize 1987
    Agilent Technologies Europhysics Prize 1988 (with K. Alex Müller)
    APS International Prize for New Materials Research 1988 (with K. Alex Müller)
    IBM Zürich Research Laboratory (1982-)
    Academy of Ceramics

Author of books:
Innovationskultur von der Wissenschaft zum Produkt (Culture of Innovation from Science to Product) (2008)

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