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Enos T. Throop

AKA Enos Thompson Throop

Born: 21-Aug-1784
Birthplace: Johnstown, NY
Died: 1-Nov-1874
Location of death: Auburn, NY
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, St. Peter's Churchyard, Auburn, NY

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Politician
Party Affiliation: Democratic

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Governor of New York, 1829-33

The American politician Enos T. Throop (pronounced "troop") was born in Johnstown, Montgomery County, New York on 21 August 1784. He received a classical education, studied law at Albany, and was admitted to the bar in 1806. During his residence at Albany, he became acquainted with Martin Van Buren, then also a law student, and this acquaintance ripened into friendship. After admission to the bar, Throop began practice at Auburn, soon became active in politics as a member of the Republican party, and was appointed postmaster of the village, and in 1811 county clerk of Cayuga County. In 1814 he was elected a member of Congress, as a supporter of the war measures of the administration. He took part in the debates upon the important measures to which the close of the war and the prostration of public and private credit gave rise. He also supported and voted for the act changing the compensation of congressmen from six dollars a day to $1,800 per annum, a course which temporarily clouded his political fortunes. Popular dissatisfaction with his action was such that he was defeated at the election of 1816, which was held in April of that year, and thereupon resigned his seat for the remainder of his unexpired term. In April 1823, he was appointed one of the eight circuit judges for which the constitution of 1821 provided. In 1828, induced chiefly by the solicitation of Martin Van Buren, Judge Throop consented to be placed upon the state ticket, as the Democratic candidate for Lt. Governor, with Van Buren as the candidate for Governor, a step which rendered it necessary for him to resign his judicial office. It was expected that Andrew Jackson would be elected President at the same election, in which event Vail Buren would be made Secretary of State and the latter desired to leave the office of Governor and the leadership of the party in the hands of a friend. These expectations were fulfilled, and Throop succeeded to the office of Governor on 12 March 1829. He was re-elected Governor in 1830. During his first term the construction of the Chenango canal became one of the chief questions of state policy. He declared himself, in his message to the legislature, unalterably opposed to the plan. This step raised such a vehement opposition to him in the localities through which the proposed canal would pass, that in 1832 he declined to be presented as a candidate for a third term. In 1833 he was appointed by President Jackson naval officer at the port of New York, which office he held until 1838, when President Van Buren appointed him charge d'affaires of the United States to the kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Naples), where he remained until he was superseded in 1842. After spending two years in Paris, he returned to the United States, and resided upon an estate on the banks of Owasco lake near Auburn, NY. In 1847 he removed to Michigan, where he purchased a farm of 800 acres, and became noted among agriculturists. Advancing years compelled him to give up farming, and in 1857 he returned to his former home, removing in 1868 to New York City, but a few years later again returning to his residence near Auburn. He died on his estate of Willowbrook, near Auburn, New York, on 1 November 1874.

    US Ambassador to the Two Sicilies (1838-41)
    Governor of New York (1829-33)
    Lieutenant Governor of New York (1829)
    New York State Official Circuit Judge of New York (1823-27)
    US Congressman, New York 20th (1815-16, resigned)
    New York State Official County Clerk, Cayuga County, NY (1811-15)

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