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Akira Suzuki

Born: 12-Sep-1930
Birthplace: Hokkaido, Japan

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: Asian
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: Japan
Executive summary: Palladium-catalyzed cross couplings

Prior to the development of palladium-catalyzed cross coupling technique, carbon chains had been difficult to construct in the lab, but when palladium is used as an intermediary these links can be constructed quite easily, which has led to the adaption of palladium-catalyzed cross couplings across many disciplines of chemistry. Palladium bonds to carbon atoms without complex inducement, bringing these atoms into closer proximity and triggering to the next step in the reaction, where the carbon atoms break away from the palladium and, in the immediate aftermath, bond to each other in chains.

Japanese chemist Akira Suzuki and his colleague, Norio Miyaura, developed what is now termed the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction, or "Suzuki coupling", in 1981. A chemical reaction that employs boronic acids or esters, Suzuki coupling is a form of palladium-catalyzed cross couplings, distinct in that it uses organoborons. Suzuki was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2010, shared with Richard F. Heck and Ei-ichi Negishi, who conducted earlier but related research into palladium-catalyzed cross couplings.

    University: BS Chemistry, University of Hokkaido (1954)
    University: PhD Chemistry, University of Hokkaido (1959)
    Scholar: Chemistry, University of Hokkaido (1959-61)
    Teacher: Assoc. Prof. of Chemistry, University of Hokkaido (1961-63)
    Scholar: Postdoctoral Research, Purdue University (1963-65)
    Teacher: Assoc. Prof. of Chemistry, University of Hokkaido (1965-73)
    Professor: Applied Chemistry, University of Hokkaido (1973-94)
    Professor: Synthetic Organic Chemistry, Okayama University of Science (1994-95)
    Professor: Synthetic Organic Chemistry, Kurashiki University (1995-2002)

    Chemical Society of Japan Award 1989
    The Imperial Prize of the Japan Academy 2004
    Japanese Order of the Sacred Treasure 2005
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2010 (with Richard F. Heck and Ei-ichi Negishi)
    American Chemical Society Foreign Member
    Argentine Organic Chemistry Society Foreign Member
    Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan Editorial Board
    Chemical Society of Japan
    Japan Society of Synthetic Organic Chemistry
    Japanese Ancestry

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