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Richard Burdon Haldane

Richard Burdon HaldaneBorn: 30-Jul-1856
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: 19-Aug-1928
Location of death: Cloan, Perthshire, Scotland
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Government

Nationality: Scotland
Executive summary: Lord Chancellor, 1912-15 and 1924

British statesman and philosopher, the third son of Robert Haldane of Cloanden, Perthshire, a writer to the signet, and nephew of J. S. Burdon-Sanderson. He was a grand-nephew of the Scottish divines J. A. and Robert Haldane. He was educated at Edinburgh Academy and the universities of Edinburgh and Göttingen, where he studied philosophy under Lotze. He took first-class honors in philosophy at Edinburgh, and was Gray scholar and Ferguson scholar in philosophy of the four Scottish Universities (1876). He was called to the bar in 1879, and so early as 1890 became a queen's counsel. In 1885 he entered parliament as liberal member for Haddingtonshire, for which he was re-elected continuously up to and including 1910. He was included in 1905 in Sir H. Campbell-Bannerman's cabinet as Secretary of State for War, and was the author of the important scheme for the reorganization of the British army, by which the militia and the volunteer forces were replaced by a single territorial force. Though always known as one of the ablest men of the Liberal party and conspicuous during the Boer War of 1899-1902 as a Liberal Imperialist, the choice of Haldane for the task of thinking out a new army organization on business lines had struck many people as curious. Besides being a chancery lawyer, he was more particularly a philosopher, conspicuous for his knowledge of Hegelian metaphysics. But with German philosophy he had also the German sense of thoroughness and system, and his scheme, while it was much criticized, was recognized as the best that could be done with a voluntary army. In 1912-15 he served as Lord Chancellor in Herbert Henry Asquith's cabinet, and the same post again in January to November 1924 under Ramsay MacDonald.

Father: Robert Haldane
Mother: Elizabeth
Brother: John Scott Haldane (physiologist)
Sister: Elizabeth Sanderson Haldane (biographer)

    University: University of Edinburgh
    University: University of Göttingen
    Administrator: Chancellor, University of Bristol
    Administrator: University of St. Andrews

    UK Member of Parliament 1885-1910
    Life Peerage 1911 (Viscount Haldane)

Author of books:
Life of Adam Smith (1887, biography)
Education and Empire (1902)
The Pathway to Reality (1903)
The Reign of Relativity (1921)
Autobiography (1929, memoir, posthumous)

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