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Kurt Wüthrich

Kurt WüthrichBorn: 4-Oct-1938
Birthplace: Aarberg, Switzerland

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: Switzerland
Executive summary: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Swiss chemist Kurt WŁthrich has studied molecular structural biology and structural genomics, and developed the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) method for determining the three-dimensional structure of proteins and nucleic acids in an artificial solution that closely resembles the conditions found in living cells. With his colleagues, he has resolved numerous NMR structures of proteins and nucleic acids, including prion proteins from numerous species and peptidylprolyl isomerase A (cyclophilin A), also known as PPIA, a regulatory gene found in humans and other mammals. The first complete determination of a protein structure via WŁthrich's method was accomplished in 1985, and in 2002 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry. He has also studied the biology, structure and function of proteins and nucleic acids; development of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques for macromolecular structure determination in solution and for studies of intermolecular interactions; applications in structuralgenomics, proteomics and biomedical research.

Father: Herrmann Wüthrich (accountant)
Mother: Gertrud Wüthrich-Kuchen
Sister: Elisabeth
Sister: Ruth
Wife: Marianne Briner (m. 1963)
Son: Bernhard Andrew (b. 1968 in New Jersey)
Daughter: Karin Lynn (b. 1970 in Greifensee, Switzerland)

    High School: Deutsches Gymnasium Biel, Magglingen, Switzerland (1957)
    University: BS Chemistry, University of Bern (1961)
    University: MS Chemistry, University of Bern (1962)
    University: PhD Chemistry, University of Basel (1964)
    Scholar: Chemistry, University of Basel (1964-98)
    Scholar: Chemistry, University of California at Berkeley (1965-67)
    Lecturer: Biophysics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich (1969-72)
    Teacher: Biophysics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich (1972-80)
    Professor: Biophysics, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zürich (1980-)
    Professor: Green Professor of Structural Biology, Scripps Research Institute (2001-)

    SSB Friedrich Miescher Prize 1974
    Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize 1991
    Marcel Benoist Award 1992
    CRC Kaj LinderstrÝm-Lang Medal 1996
    Kyoto Prize 1998
    GSBMB Otto Warburg Medal 1999
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 2002 (with John B. Fenn and Koichi Tanaka)
    ACS Ralph and Helen Oesper Award 2010
    Bell Laboratories Biophysics Dept. (1967-69)
    Academia Europaea 1989
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences Foreign Member, 1993
    American Association for the Advancement of Science Foreign Member, 1998
    European Academy of Arts, Sciences, and Humanities 2003
    European Academy of Sciences and Arts 2004
    European Molecular Biology Organization 1984
    German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina Foreign Member, 1987
    Hungarian Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 2004
    Indian National Science Academy Foreign Member, 1989
    Institut de France Foreign Member, 2000
    International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry 2002
    Japanese Biochemical Society Foreign Member, 1993
    Korean Academy of Science and Technology Foreign Member, 2005
    National Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 1992
    Royal Society Foreign Member, 2010
    Royal Society of Chemistry Foreign Member, 2003
    Royal Society of Edinburgh Foreign Member, 2003
    Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences 2001
    Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences 2002
    Swiss Chemical Society 2003
    World Innovation Foundation 2003

Author of books:
NMR in Biological Research: Peptides and Proteins (1976, chemistry)
NMR of Proteins and Nucleic Acids (1986, chemistry)
NMR in Structural Biology (1995, chemistry)

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