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Bette Nesmith Graham

AKA Bette Clair McMurray

Born: 23-Mar-1924
Birthplace: Corpus Christi, TX
Died: 12-May-1980
Location of death: Fort Worth, TX
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Female
Religion: Christian Science
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Inventor, Business

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Correction fluid

Bette Clair McMurray was a troublesome teenager, and dropped out of high school to marry her first serious boyfriend, 24-year-old Warren Nesmith. He abandoned her after fathering their son, and she worked as a secretary and commercial artist while raising their son alone. She was not a good typist, and grew frustrated that there was no easy method to correct typographical errors on the bank's electric typewriters, so with help from her son's high school chemistry teacher she invented a thin, quick-drying paint to cover typographical errors. She brought a bottle of the fluid and a small paintbrush to work, and began painting over her mistakes, then retyping the correct characters. She sold her "Mistake-Out" mix to co-workers, preparing it in her kitchen and bottling it in the garage, and in 1956 she incorporated the business as the Mistake-Out Company. In 1957, after the product was mentioned in a trade magazine called The Office, she received a large order from General Electric, and hired her first employees. Later renamed the Liquid Paper Company, sales of her correction fluid first topped $1M in 1967. In 1979 she retired, after selling the business to Gillette for $47.5M and establishing the Gihon Foundation, a Bible-based charity that helps support women artists and entrepreneurs. Her son, Mike Nesmith, helped mix and bottle Mistake-Out during the company's early years, and later played guitar for The Monkees.

Father: Jesse McMurry ("Jess", b. circa 1900, d. 1952)
Mother: Christine Duval McMurry (b. 1901, m. 1922)
Husband: Warren Audrey Nesmith (b. circa 1918, m. 4-May-1942, div. 1946, d. 28-May-1984)
Son: Mike Nesmith (musician-filmmaker, b. 30-Dec-1942)
Husband: Robert Graham ("Bob", b. 1918, m.. 1962, div. 1975)

    High School: Alamo Heights School, San Antonio, TX (dropped out)

    Liquid Paper Company Chair of the Board (1969-79)
    Liquid Paper Company Founder & President (1956-69)

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