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James Gamble

Born: 3-Apr-1803
Birthplace: Enniskillen, Ireland
Died: 29-Apr-1891
Location of death: Cincinnati, OH
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, OH

Gender: Male
Religion: Methodist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Business
Party Affiliation: Republican

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Co-Founder of Procter & Gamble

James Gamble went into business as a Cincinnati soapmaker in 1826, and candlemaker William Procter was his brother-in-law -- their wives were sisters. Both men were moderately successful in their businesses, until their father-in-law suggested that they form a partnership. The idea made sense, since manufacturing either candles or soap required lye, and they could negotiate a lower price if they were buying larger quantities. The two men opened their Procter & Gamble store on 12 April 1837, and filed papers to formalize their partnership on 31 October 1837. The company came to national prominence as a soap supplier by winning a contract to supply Union soldiers with soap during the American Civil War. Gamble's son, James Norris Gamble, became a chemist, and in 1879 devised the original formula for the company's Ivory brand soap.

Wife: Elizabeth Ann Norris Gamble (b. 1822, d. 1888, ten children)
Son: James Norris Gamble (chemist and P&G executive, b. 9-Aug-1836, d. 2-Jul-1932)

    Procter & Gamble Co-Founder (1837)
    Naturalized US Citizen 1819
    Irish Ancestry

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