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Paul D. Boyer

Paul D. BoyerAKA Paul Delos Boyer

Born: 31-Jul-1918
Birthplace: Provo, UT

Gender: Male
Religion: Atheist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: ATP process

Military service: US National Guard; US Navy (1945-46, Navy Medical Research Institute)

American chemist Paul D. Boyer helped unravel the process by which adenosine triphosphate (ATP) drives cellular activities. His work explained the mechanism that leads to the ongoing synthesis of ATP, and showed in 1971 that ATP synthase exists in three forms, as a circular assembly in the mitochondrial membrane, an axle rod, and a cylinder at the axle's other end, inside the mitochondria. He hypothesized that hydrogen ions turn the circular assembly like a turnstile as they proceed through the mitochondrial membrane, turning both the axle and the cylinder. For his work explaining the mechanism by which living cells produce energy, Boyer shared the 1997 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Jens C. Skou and John E. Walker, who conducted related research.

Father: Dell Delos Boyer (physician, b. 1879, d. 1961 prostate cancer)
Mother: Grace Guymon (b. 1888, d. 1933)
Brother: Roy (d. prostate cancer)
Wife: Lyda Whicker (editor, b. circa 1919, m. 31-Aug-1939, one son, two daughters)
Daughter: Gail (b. 31-Jul-1943)
Daughter: Hali
Son: Douglas

    High School: Provo High School, Provo, UT (1936)
    University: BS Chemistry, Brigham Young University (1939)
    University: MS Chemistry, University of Wisconsin at Madison (1941)
    University: PhD Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin at Madison (1943)
    Teacher: Stanford University (1943-56)
    Professor: Biochemistry, University of Minnesota (1956-63)
    Professor: Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California at Los Angeles (1963-89)
    Administrator: Molecular Biology Institute, University of California at Los Angeles (1965-)

    Guggenheim Fellowship 1955
    ACS Award in Enzyme Chemistry 1955
    ASBMB William C. Rose Award 1989
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1997 (with Jens C. Skou and John E. Walker)
    Annual Review of Biochemistry Associate Editor, Editor (1963-89)
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1968
    American Chemical Society
    American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology President (1969-70)
    Federation of American Scientists Board of Sponsors
    National Academy of Sciences 1970
    French Ancestry Maternal
    German Ancestry Paternal
    Huguenot Ancestry Maternal
    Dutch Ancestry Paternal

Author of books:
The Enzymes (1970, chemistry; 18 volumes)

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