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Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson

AKA Bjørnstjerne Martinius Bjørnson

Born: 8-Dec-1832
Birthplace: Kvikne, Norway
Died: 26-Apr-1910
Location of death: Paris, France
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Cemetery of Our Saviour, Oslo, Norway

Gender: Male
Religion: Agnostic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Playwright, Author, Poet

Nationality: Norway
Executive summary: Synnöve Solbakken

Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1903. He attended grammar school with Henrik Ibsen, and by his early twenties he was writing literature reviews for the Norwegian newspaper, Morgenbladet. At 25 he wrote his first produced play, Mellem Slagene (Between the Battles). His Paul Lange og Tora Parsberg was a statement for political tolerance, and På Guds veie ("In God's Way") for religious tolerance. He is best known internationally for his tales of peasant life in Norway, including Synnöve Solbakken, a novel what has been filmed three times. Bjørnson also worked as a stage director, and later served as editor of another paper, Aftenbladet, where he wrote fiery liberal editorials and passionately defended Alfred Dreyfus. His poem, "Yes, We Love This Land", is the Norwegian national anthem.

His father was a Lutheran minister, but Bjørnson rejected organized religion. He married Karoline Reimers, a famous stage actress, and their son Bjørn also had great success as a stage actor, and appeared in a few early silent films. Their daughter, Bergljot, married Ibsen's son Sigurd.

Father: Peder Bjørnson (minister)
Mother: Elise Nordraak
Wife: Karoline Reimers (actress, m. 1858)
Son: Bjørn Bjørnson (actor, b. 1859, d. 1942)
Daughter: Bergljot Ibsen

    High School: Heltbergs Studentfabrikk, Oslo, Norway (1852)
    University: University of Oslo (dropped out)

    Nobel Prize for Literature 1903

Author of books:
Synnöve Solbakken (1857, novel)
En glad Gut (A Happy Boy) (1860, novel)
Sigurd Slembe (Sigurd the Bad) (1862, epic poem)
Fiskerjenten (The Fisher Maiden) (1868, novel)
Digte og sange (Poems and Songs) (1870, poems)
Arnljot Gelline (1870, epic poem)
Magnhild (1877, novel)
The Bridal March, and Other Stories (1882, short stories)
Captain Mansana, and Other Stories (1882, short stories)
The Fisher Maiden (1882, novel)
Railroad and Churchyard (1882, novel)
Det flager i byen og på havnen (The Heritage of the Kurts) (1884, novel)
På Guds veje (In God's Way) (1889, novel)
Geografi og Kærlighed (Geography and Love) (1889, novel)
Three Comedies (1925, collected plays, published posthumously)
Three Dramas (1925, collected plays, published posthumously)

Wrote plays:
Mellem Slagene (Between the Battles) (1857)
Halte-Hulda (Lame Hulda) (1858)
Kong Sverre (King Sverre) (1861)
De Nygifte (The Newly Married) (1865)
Arne: A Sketch of Norwegian Country Life (1866)
The Happy Boy: A Tale of Norwegian Peasant Life (1870)
En fallit (A Bankruptcy) (1874)
Redaktøren (The Editor) (1874)
Kongen (The King) (1877)
Kaptejn Mansana (Captain Mansana) (1878)
Det nye System (The New System) (1879)
Leonarda (1879)
The Wedding-March (1882)
En Handske (A Gauntlet) (1883)
Over Ævne (Beyond Powers) (1889)
Over Ævne II (Beyond Powers II) (1895)
Laboremus (1901)
På Storhove (At Storhove) (1902)
Daglannet (Dag's Farm) (1904)

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