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Emile Baudot

AKA Jean-Maurice Émile Baudot

Born: 11-Sep-1845
Birthplace: Magneux, France
Died: 28-Mar-1903
Location of death: Sceaux, France
Cause of death: Illness

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Inventor, Engineer

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Baudot Code

Military service: French Army (1871-72)

French inventor Emile Baudot (baw-DOH) developed the Baudet code, a five-bit binary system that could map complete phrases as single coded words. This made his system economical and efficient for telegraphy and telex transmissions, and allowed Baudet Code, introduced in 1874, to quickly supersede and replace Morse code. Baudet's system was the international standard in surface and undersea telegraph and telex communications until the early 1930s, but faded from use as new, higher-tech forms of communications were introduced. It has reflourished in telecommunications devices for the deaf (TDDs) and some ham radio applications.

Baudot also invented multiplex printing telegraphs with, first, the ability to transmit two messages at once, and eventually the ability to concurrently send separate messages from six senders to six recipients, over one set of wires. Remarkably, he had only a grade school education, no pertinent training and no noted mechanical inclination, before he was hired by the French Administration of Posts and Telegraphs in 1869. He worked for the agency until his death in 1903. The word "baud", the measure of symbols or data transmitted per second, was coined in 1926 to honor Baudot's work.

Father: Pierre Emile Baudot (farmer)
Wife: Langronier (m. 1890)

    Administration of Posts and Telegraphs Inspector General (1882-1903)
    Administration of Posts and Telegraphs Technician (1869-82)
    French Legion of Honor 1879
    French Ancestry
    Units of Measure baud (measure of data transmission speed)
    Asteroid Namesake 14400 Baudot

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