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Frederick C. Robbins

Frederick C. RobbinsAKA Frederick Chapman Robbins

Born: 25-Aug-1916
Birthplace: Aurora, AL
Died: 4-Aug-2003
Location of death: Cleveland, OH
Cause of death: Heart Failure

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Cultured the polio virus

Military service: US Army (1942-45, Maj.)

American pediatrician and virologist Frederick C. Robbins was awarded the 1954 Nobel Prize for the successful cultivation of the polio virus in tissue cultures, an achievement that made it possible to study polio in the laboratory, and led to the development of vaccines against this disease. He shared the Nobel honors with his research colleagues, John F. Enders and Thomas H. Weller. Robbins' father-in-law, John H. Northrop, won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1946.

Father: William Jacob Robbins (botanist, b. 22-Feb-1890, d. 5-Oct-1978)
Mother: Christine Faye Chapman Robbins (b. 24-Nov-1889, m. 15-Jul-1915, d. Feb-1974)
Brother: Daniel Robbins
Brother: William Clinton Robbins (physician)
Wife: Alice Havemeyer Northrop Robbins (m. 1948)
Daughter: Alice Christine Robbins Hamlin
Daughter: Louise Enders Robbins

    University: BA, University of Missouri (1936)
    University: BS, University of Missouri (1938)
    Medical School: MD, Harvard Medical School (1940)
    Teacher: Harvard Medical School (1946-52)
    Professor: Pediatrics, Case Western Reserve University (1952-2003)
    Administrator: Case Western Reserve University (1958-2003)
    Professor: Pediatrics, Georgetown University (1981-85)

    Bronze Star 1945
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1954, with John F. Enders and Thomas H. Weller
    Benjamin Franklin Medal 1999 (by the American Philosophical Society)
    National Research Council 1948-50
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1962

Author of books:
Childhood learning disabilities and prenatal risk (1983, co-author Catherine Caldwell Brown)
Polio (1999)

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