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Leland H. Hartwell

Born: 30-Oct-1939
Birthplace: Los Angeles, CA

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Regulators of cell cycle

Studying Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the same yeast used for brewing beer or baking bread, Leland H. Hartwell showed how cells grow and multiply. He discovered and explained cell-division-cycle (CDC) genes, which are involved in cell-cycle control, and showed that their cycle sometimes includes pauses, now called checkpoints, which allow time for damaged deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) to be repaired. His research, conducted in 1971, has expanded the understanding of normal and abnormal cell growth, and earned Hartwell the 2001 Nobel Prize in Medicine. His honors, and the Nobel cash stipend of about $1-million, were shared with Tim Hunt and Paul Nurse, both of whom worked at the London Research Institute.

Father: Ernest Hartwell (signmaker)
Mother: Marjorie Taylor Hartwell Nichols
Wife: Theresa Naujack-Hartwell (photographer)

    High School: Glendale High School, Glendale, CA (1957)
    University: Glendale Community College (1957-58, transferred to C.I.T.)
    University: BS, California Institute of Technology (1961)
    University: PhD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1964)
    Scholar: Biology, Salk Institute for Biological Studies (1964-65)
    Teacher: Genetics, University of California at Irvine (1965-68)
    Teacher: Genetics, University of Washington (1968-73)
    Professor: Genetics, University of Washington (1973-)
    Administrator: President and Director, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (1997-)

    Lasker Award 1998
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 2001 (with Tim Hunt and Paul Nurse)
    Federation of American Scientists Board of Sponsors
    John Kerry for President
    National Academy of Sciences

Author of books:
Genomic Instability and Immortality in Cancer (1997, with Enrico Mihich)
Studies on the Induction of Histidase in Bacillus Subtilis (1964)

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