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Anders Celsius

Anders CelsiusBorn: 27-Nov-1701
Birthplace: Uppsala, Sweden
Died: 25-Apr-1744
Location of death: Uppsala, Sweden
Cause of death: Tuberculosis
Remains: Buried, Gamla Uppsala Kyrkogård, Uppsala, Sweden

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Astronomer

Nationality: Sweden
Executive summary: Astronomer, invented centigrade scale

Swedish astronomer, born at Uppsala on the 27th of November 1701. He occupied the chair of astronomy in the university of his native town from 1730 to 1744, but traveled during 1732 and some subsequent years in Germany, Italy and France. At Nuremberg he published in 1733 a collection of 316 observations of the aurora borealis made by himself and others 1716-32. In Paris he advocated the measurement of an arc of the meridian in Lapland, and took part, in 1736, in the expedition organized for the purpose by the French Academy. Six years later he described the centigrade thermometer in a paper read before the Swedish Academy of Sciences. His death occurred at Uppsala on the 25th of April 1744. He wrote: Nova Methodus distantiam solis a terra determinandi (1730); De observationibus pro figura telluris determinanda (1738); besides many less important works.

Father: Nils Celsius

    Professor: Professor of Astronomy, University of Uppsala (1730-44)

    Units of Measure temperature
    Lunar Crater Celsius
    Swedish Ancestry

Author of books:
Dissertatio de Nova Methodo Distantiam Solis a Terra Determinandi (1730)
De Observationibus pro Figura Telluris Determinanda in Gallia Habitis, Disquisitio (1738)

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