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Georg Wittig

Georg WittigAKA Georg Friedrich Karl Wittig

Born: 16-Jun-1897
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: 26-Aug-1987
Location of death: Heidelberg, Germany
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Chemist

Nationality: Germany
Executive summary: Wittig Reaction

Military service: Hesse-Kassel Infantry, WWI (1916-19)

In 1947 German chemist Georg Wittig discovered ylides, a class of compounds characterized by a neutral dipolar molecule with a positive and a negative charge on adjacent atoms, which makes possible the synthesis of certain organic compounds. In 1954 he discovered the Wittig Synthesis or Wittig Reaction, a method to link carbon and phosphorus, facilitating the synthesis of biologically active substances. He shared the 1979 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Herbert C. Brown.

Father: Gustav Wittig (art teacher)
Mother: Martha Dombrowski
Wife: Waltraut Ernst (b. 1900, m. 21-Apr-1930, d. 1978, two daughters)

    High School: Wilhelms-Gymnasium, Kassel, Germany (1916)
    University: BS Chemistry, University of Marburg (1923)
    Teacher: PhD Chemistry, University of Marburg (1926)
    Lecturer: Chemistry, University of Marburg (1926-32)
    Professor: Chemistry, Technical University of Brunswick (1932-37)
    Professor: Chemistry, University of Freiburg (1937-44)
    Professor: Chemistry, University of Tübingen (1944-65)
    Professor: Organic Chemistry, University of Heidelberg (1956-67)
    Administrator: Chemical Institute, University of Heidelberg (1965-67)

    Adolf von Baeyer Medallion 1953
    Dannie Heineman Prize for Mathematical Physics 1965
    Otto Hahn Prize for Chemistry and Physics 1967
    ACS Roger Adams Medal 1973
    GCS Karl Ziegler Memorial Prize 1975
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1979 (with Herbert C. Brown)
    Bavarian Academy of Sciences
    Chemical Society of Peru Foreign Member, 1965
    French Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 1971
    German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina
    Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities
    National Socialist German Workers Party
    New York Academy of Sciences Foreign Member, 1965
    Royal Society of Chemistry Foreign Member, 1967 (Chemical Society of London)
    Swiss Chemical Society Foreign Member, 1963
    Taken Prisoner of War by the British, WWI (1918-19)
    German Ancestry

Author of books:
Stereochemie (Stereochemistry) (1930, textbook)

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