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Hans Krebs

Hans KrebsAKA Hans Adolf Krebs

Born: 25-Apr-1900
Birthplace: Hildesheim, Germany
Died: 22-Nov-1981
Location of death: Oxford, England
Cause of death: Natural Causes

Gender: Male
Religion: Jewish
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Tricarboxylic acid cycle

Born and raised in Germany, Hans Krebs followed in his father's footsteps, setting up his medical practice and specializing in eye, ear, nose, and throat ailments. He became more interested in research than treating patients, studied under Otto Warburg, and in 1932 he discovered the urea cycle (reactions in animal organisms, producing urea from ammonia). He fled to England in 1933, when the Nazis took power and Krebs, being Jewish, was denied academic employment.

In 1937, working at the University of Sheffield, Krebs researched and described the chemical reactions that occur in the presence of oxygen as substances formed by the breakdown of sugars, fats, and protein components are converted to carbon dioxide, water, and other compounds. These recurring reactions are now commonly known as the Krebs cycle. This discovery led to the Nobel Prize in Medicine, shared with the American Fritz Lipmann in 1953.

His son, Sir John Krebs, is a noted ornithologist, professor at Oxford, and member of the British House of Lords. Krebs is not related to another German-born Hans Krebs of the same era (1898-1945), a Nazi military General who committed suicide in his bunker as World War II ended.

Father: Georg Krebs (physician)
Mother: Alma Davidson Krebs
Wife: Margaret Cicely Fieldhouse Krebs (m. 1938)
Son: Paul Krebs
Son: Sir John Krebs (b. 1945)
Daughter: Helen Krebs

    High School: Gymnasium Andreanum, Hildesheim, Germany (1918)
    Medical School: University of Göttingen (attended)
    Medical School: University of Freiburg (attended)
    Medical School: University of Berlin (attended)
    Medical School: MD, University of Hamburg (1925)
    Teacher: Medicine, University of Freiburg (1930-33)
    Teacher: Biochemistry, Cambridge University (1933-34)
    Teacher: Pharmacology, University of Sheffield (1935-38)
    Teacher: Biochemistry, University of Sheffield (1938-45)
    Professor: Biochemistry, University of Sheffield (1945-54)
    Professor: Biochemistry, Oxford University (1954-)

    Royal Society 1947
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1953, with Fritz Lipmann
    Royal Medal 1954
    Knight of the British Empire 1958
    Copley Medal 1961
    Naturalized UK Citizen
    German Ancestry
    Jewish Ancestry

Author of books:
Energy Transformations in Living Matter (1957, co-author Hans Kornberg)
Otto Warburg: Cell Physiologist, Biochemist, and Eccentric (1981)
Reminiscences and Reflections (1981, co-author Anne Martin)

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