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Henry Taube

Henry TaubeBorn: 30-Nov-1915
Birthplace: Neudorf, Saskatchewan, Canada
Died: 16-Nov-2005
Location of death: Stanford, CA
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Religion: Lutheran
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Chemist
Party Affiliation: Democratic

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Mechanisms of electron transfer

American chemist Henry Taube won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1983, for his studies of oxidation-reduction or "redox" reactions, wherein electrons are gained or lost during a chemical reaction. In 1952 he showed the correlation between the rates of chemical substitution of carbon in organic reactions and the electronic structure of certain chemical complexes. In 1966 he discovered that some molecules build a "chemical bridge" prior to the transfer of electrons between molecules in chemical reactions. He later demonstrated how the electron transfer process in metals is affected by the structure of the chemical bridge.

Father: Samuel Taube (farmer)
Mother: Albertina Tiledetzski (farmer)
Wife: Mary Alice Wesche Taube (two daughters, two sons)
Son: Heinrich Taube (music professor)
Daughter: Linda Taube (mohair retailer)
Son: Karl Andreas Taube (anthropologist, b. 14-Sep-1957)
Daughter: Marianna Taube (teacher, b. 1950, d. 1998)

    High School: Luther College, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada (1931)
    University: BS, University of Saskatchewan (1935)
    University: MS Photochemistry, University of Saskatchewan (1937)
    University: PhD Chemistry, University of California at Berkeley (1940)
    Lecturer: Chemistry, University of California at Berkeley (1940-41)
    Teacher: Chemistry, Cornell University (1941-46)
    Teacher: Inorganic Chemistry, University of Chicago (1946-52)
    Professor: Inorganic Chemistry, University of Chicago (1952-61)
    Professor: Chemistry, Stanford University (1962-86)

    Guggenheim Fellowship 1949
    ACS Award for Nuclear Applications in Chemistry 1955
    Guggenheim Fellowship 1955
    ACS Harrison Howe Award 1960
    ACS Charles Frederick Chandler Medal 1964
    ACS John Gamble Kirkwood Medal 1966
    ACS Award for Distinguished Service 1967
    ACS Willard Gibbs Medal 1971
    ACS William H. Nichols Medal 1971
    National Medal of Science 1977
    ACS Theodore William Richards Medal 1980
    ACS Award in Inorganic Chemistry 1981
    ACS Linus Pauling Medal 1981
    NAS Award in Chemical Sciences 1983
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1983
    Priestley Medal 1985
    ACS Ralph and Helen Oesper Award 1986
    ACS Gennady Michael Kosolapoff Award 1990
    Hercules Scientific Consultant
    Academy of Arts and Sciences of Puerto Rico Corresponding Member
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Chemical Society
    American Philosophical Society
    Australian Academy of Science Foreign Member
    Brazilian Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Canadian Society for Chemistry
    Engineering Society of Japan Foreign Member
    Finnish Academy of Science and Arts Foreign Member
    Indian Chemical Society Foreign Member
    Los Alamos National Laboratory Consultant
    National Academy of Sciences 1959
    Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters Foreign Member
    Royal Society Foreign Member
    Royal Society of Chemistry Foreign Member
    World Association of International Studies
    Phi Beta Kappa Society
    Sigma Xi Scientific Research Society
    Canadian Ancestry
    German Ancestry
    Russian Ancestry
    Ukrainian Ancestry
    Naturalized US Citizen 1942

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