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João IV

João IVBorn: 18-Mar-1604
Birthplace: Vila Viçosa, Portugal
Died: 6-Nov-1656
Location of death: Lisbon, Portugal
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Portugal

Gender: Male
Religion: Roman Catholic
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Royalty

Nationality: Portugal
Executive summary: King of Portugal, 1640-56

João IV, the Fortunate, King of Portugal, was born at Vila Viçosa in 1604, succeeded to the dukedom of Bragança in 1630, and married Luisa de Guzman, eldest daughter of the Duke of Medina Sidonia, in 1633. At this point in time he was the wealthiest man in Portugal. By the unanimous voice of the people he was raised to the throne of Portugal (of which he was held to be the legitimate heir) at the revolution effected in December 1640 against the Spanish king, Philip IV. His accession led to a protracted war with Spain, which only ended with the recognition of Portuguese independence in a subsequent reign (1668). He died on the 6th of November 1656, and was succeeded by his son Alphonso VI.

Father: Teodósio II (Duke of Bragança)
Wife: Luisa de Guzmán
Son: Alfonso VI (King of Portugal)
Daughter: Catherine of Braganza (m. King Charles II of England)

    Portuguese Monarch 1-Dec-1640 to 6-Nov-1656

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