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Henri Nestlé

AKA Heinrich Nestle

Born: 10-Aug-1814
Birthplace: Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Died: 7-Jul-1890
Location of death: Glion, Switzerland
Cause of death: Heart Failure
Remains: Buried, Territet, Montreux, Switzerland

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Business

Nationality: Switzerland
Executive summary: Invented infant formula

Born in Germany, as a young man Heinrich Nestle moved to a French-speaking area of Switzerland, where he changed his name to the more French-sounding Henri Nestlé. Working as a pharmacist's apprentice, he became concerned about infant mortality, and created a source of nourishment for babies who are allergic to mother's milk. After his farine lactee -- a dry mixture of cow's milk, sugar, and chemically-altered wheat flour -- saved an infant's life in 1867, Nestlé began marketing the first commercially-made infant formula. He retired in 1874, only seven years after founding his company, and Nestlé's chocolates and candies, coffees and seasonings, frozen foods and pet foods and dozens of other products were all added after the founder's death.

Ironically, Nestlé's first product has become its most controversial. Nestlé (the corporation, not the man) has been criticized for marketing infant formula in third-world nations, where the "just add water" instructions are dangerous because local water frequently carries disease, and where poor and uneducated parents might not understand that unless an infant is intolerant of mother's milk, breastfeeding is a healthier choice than any manufactured formula.

Father: Johann Ulrich Matthias Nestle (glazier, b. 1776, d. 15-Sep-1838)
Mother: Anna-Maria Catharina Ehemann Nestle (b. 1779, m. 1800, d. 1839)
Brother: Gustav Edmund Nestle (b. 1806, d. 1874)
Wife: Anna Clementine Therese Ehemant Nestlé (b. 1833, m. 1860, d. 1900)
Daughter: Emma Seiler Nestlé (adopted, b. 1845, d. 1882)

    Nestlé Founder (1867)
    Naturalized Swiss Citizen
    German Ancestry

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