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Luc Montagnier

AKA Jean-Luc Montagnier

Born: 18-Aug-1932
Birthplace: Chabris, France

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Co-Discoverer of HIV

French virologist Luc Montagnier reportedly began his science work in his early teens, performing experiments with nitroglycerine in the basement of his family home. He has also conducted important research into interferon (one of the body's defenses against viruses), and how viral RNA {ribonucleic acid} reproduces inside of cells, and pioneered a now widely-used method for cultivating cancers in the laboratory. He is best known for the discovery, with his colleague Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, of the lymphadenopathy associated virus (LAV) in 1983, and showing that its presence led to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Their discovery, renamed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in 1986, forms the backbone of subsequent research into HIV and AIDS, and won Montagnier and Barré-Sinoussi the 2008 Nobel Prize in Medicine, shared with German scientist Harald zur Hausen. Montagnier's Nobel honor was considered controversial by some observers, as it ignored American researcher Robert C. Gallo, who discovered the same retrovirus independently. Montagnier was played by Patrick Bauchau in the 1993 film And the Band Played On.

Father: Antoine Montagnier (accountant)
Mother: Marianne Rousselet
Wife: Dorothea Ackerman (m. 1961)
Daughter: Anne-Marie Montagnier
Daughter: Francine Montagnier
Son: Jean-Luc Montagnier

    High School: Collège de Châtellerault, near Poitiers, France (1949)
    University: BS Biology, University of Poitiers (1953)
    University: MS Virology, University of Paris (1955)
    Teacher: Physiology, Sorbonne (1955-60)
    Medical School: MD, Sorbonne (1960)
    Scholar: Medical Research Council, Carshalton, England (1960-63)
    Teacher: Institute of Virology, Glasgow, Scotland (1963-65)
    Professor: Virology, National Institute of Health and Medical Research (1985-96)
    Professor: Molecular and Cellular Biology, Queens College New York (1997-2001)

    Nobel Prize for Medicine 2008 (with Françoise Barré-Sinoussi and Harald zur Hausen)
    National Inventors Hall of Fame 2004
    King Faisal Prize for Medicine 1993
    Japan Prize 1988
    Gairdner Prize 1987
    Lasker Award 1986
    Rosen Prize for Oncology 1971
    French Legion of Honor
    French Academy of Sciences

Author of books:
SIDA et Infection par VIH (AIDS and HIV Infection) (1989)
AIDS: Facts & Hopes (1991)
New Concepts in AIDS Pathogenesis (1993, with Marie-Lise Gougeon)
Des Virus et des Hommes (The Viruses and Men) (1994)
Oxidative Stress in Cancer, AIDS, and Neurodegenerative Diseases (1998, with Rene Olivier, Catherine Pasquier)
Virus: The Co-Discoverer of HIV Tracks Its Rampage and Charts the Future (2000)

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