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Breckinridge Long

Breckinridge LongAKA Samuel Miller Breckinridge Long

Born: 16-May-1881
Birthplace: St. Louis, MO
Died: 26-Sep-1958
Location of death: Laurel, MD [1]
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Washington National Cathedral, Washington, DC

Gender: Male
Religion: Presbyterian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Diplomat
Party Affiliation: Democratic

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: US Ambassador to Italy, 1933-36

Supporter of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932, after which he was appointed US Ambassador to Italy. During WWII, he captained the Visa Division at the US State Department, thwarting the entry into the United States of as many Jews as possible, as well as other East European refugees. From a direct result of Long's actions, countless thousands of lives were lost to the Holocaust. He is perhaps the greatest blight on that administration. Only in 1944 with Roosevelt's creation of the War Refugee Board was his power undermined.

[1] Montpelier Manor, Laurel, MD.

Father: William Strudwick Long
Mother: Margaret Miller Breckinridge
Wife: Christine Alexander Graham (m. 1-Jun-1912, one daughter)
Daughter: Christine Blair ("Mrs. Arnold Willcox")

    University: BS, Princeton University (1904)
    Law School: Washington University in St. Louis Law School (attended 1905-06)
    University: MA, Princeton University (1909)
    Administrator: Trustee, Princeton University (1937-41)

    US State Department Asst. Secretary of State, Immigrant Visa Div. (1940-44)
    US State Department Special Asst. to Secretary of State, War Emergency (1939-40)
    US Ambassador to Italy (1933-36)
    US State Department 3rd Asst. Secretary of State, Far Eastern Matters (1917-20)
    Missouri State Official Code Commission, Revision of Judicial Procedure (1914-15)
    American Academy of Political and Social Science
    American Bar Association
    American Historical Association
    American Peach Society Board of Directors
    Chevy Chase Club
    Corcoran Gallery of Art Trustee
    District of Columbia Bar
    Jefferson Memorial Foundation
    Metropolitan Club
    Missouri Bar Association 1906
    Missouri Historical Society
    Phi Delta Phi Legal Fraternity
    Society of the Cincinnati

Author of books:
Genesis of the Constitution of the United States of America (1926)

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