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Drummond Matthews

AKA Drummond Hoyle Matthews

Born: 5-Feb-1931
Birthplace: Porlock, England
Died: 20-Jul-1997
Location of death: Taunton, England
Cause of death: Heart Failure

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Geologist, Physicist

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Plate tectonics

Military service: British Navy

Geologist and geophysicist Drummond Matthews provided early scientific support for the theory of plate tectonics, in a 1963 paper co-authored by his graduate student, Frederick Vine. Their finding, that the crust near mid-ocean ridges was comprised of streaks or alternating magnetic polarity, suggested that the magnetic polarization of newly-formed rocks could be used to substantiate the theory of seafloor spreading. This led to widespread acceptance of the theory that the earth's crust consists of large rigid plates.

Wife: (married twice, one son, one daughter)

    High School: Bryanston School, Dorset, England
    University: BS, Cambridge University (1955)
    University: PhD Marine Geophysics, Cambridge University (1962)
    Scholar: Marine Geophysics, Cambridge University (1960-71)
    Teacher: Marine Geology, Cambridge University (1971-90)
    Administrator: Director of British Institutions Reflection Profiling Syndicate (1982-90)

    Wollaston Medal 1989
    Hughes Medal 1982 (with Frederick Vine)
    Chapman Medal 1973 (with Frederick Vine)
    Bigsby Medal 1975
    Balzan Prize 1981
    American Geophysical Union 1982
    Geological Society of America
    Royal Society 1974
    Risk Factors: Diabetes

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