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Charles Nicolle

Charles NicolleAKA Charles Jules Henry Nicolle

Born: 21-Sep-1866
Birthplace: Rouen, France
Died: 28-Feb-1936
Location of death: Tunis, Tunisia
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Scientist, Doctor

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Found that lice transmit typhus

French physician and microbiologist Charles Jules Henry Nicolle studied cancer, diphtheria, influenza, measles, rinderpest, scarlet fever, streptococci; tick fever, trachoma, tuberculosis, and whooping cough. He devised a vaccine to prevent Malta fever, and won the 1928 Nobel Prize for research proving that typhoid fever is transmitted to humans from lice. Subsequent research established that lice excrement can also carry typhoid, and that another variant of the disease, murine typhus, is carried to humans by the rat flea.

Father: Eugène Nicolle (professor of natural history)
Brother: Maurice Nicolle (professor of bacteriology, Pasteur Institute in Tunis, b. 1862, d. 1932)
Brother: Marcel Nicolle (artist, b. 1871, d. 27-May-1934)
Wife: Alice Avice Nicolle (m. 1895, d.)
Daughter: Marcelle Nicolle (b. 1896, d.)
Son: Pierre Nicolle (b. 1898, d. 1984)

    University: Lycée Corneille de Rouen, Rouen, France
    Medical School: MD, Pasteur Institute, Paris (1893)
    Teacher: Microbiology, Pasteur Institute, Paris (1893-96)
    Administrator: Director of Bacteriological Laboratory, Lycée Corneille de Rouen (1896-1903)
    Administrator: Pasteur Institute in Tunis (1903-36)

    French Academy of Sciences
    Nobel Prize for Medicine 1928

Author of books:
La Magot Animal Réactif Du Trachôme (The Animal Magot Reagent Trachoma) (1912, research)
Le Destin des Maladies Infectieuses (Fate of Infectious Diseases) (1930, research)
Biologie De L'Invention (Biology of Invention) (1932, research)
La Nature, Conception et Morale Biologiques (Nature, Design and Biological Morality) (1934, research)
Responsabilités de la Médecine (Responsibilities of Medicine) (1935, research)

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