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Leroy Hood

AKA Leroy Edward Hood

Born: 10-Oct-1938
Birthplace: Missoula, MT

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Biologist, Inventor, Business
Party Affiliation: Democratic

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Systems biology and Human Genome Project

Military service: Public Health Service (1967-70)

American biologist and technological tycoon Leroy Hood studied under George Beadle and Richard Feynman, and has conducted extensive research in cancer biology, genomics, immunology, molecular biology, molecular evolution, and neurobiology. He was one of eleven scientists who, in 1985, initiated the Human Genome Project, which turned out so successfully that its early opposition by many biologists as a waste of time, effort, and funding has been generally forgotten. Hood's team designed and developed the DNA and protein sequencers and synthesizers and other advanced instruments that provided much of the technological underpinning for that work, and for modern molecular biology in general. He is a pioneer in systems biology, a new approach to biology that considers the complex interactions between genetics, metabolic, and cellular elements, and he is the founder of the non-profit Institute for Systems Biology.

Father: (engineer for Mountain Bell Co.)
Sister: Doral Hood (nurse)
Brother: Glen Hood (Down's syndrome)
Brother: Myron Hood (mathematics professor)
Wife: Valerie Logan Hood
Son: Eran Hood (environmental scientist)
Daughter: Marqui Hood

    High School: Shelby High School, Shelby, MT (1956)
    University: BS, California Institute of Technology (1960)
    Medical School: MD, Johns Hopkins University (1963)
    University: PhD Biochemistry, California Institute of Technology (1967)
    Teacher: Biology, California Institute of Technology (1970-73)
    Professor: Biology, California Institute of Technology (1973-92)
    Professor: Molecular Biotechnology, University of Washington (1992-99)

    National Inventors Hall of Fame 2007
    Lemelson-MIT Prize 2003
    Kyoto Prize 2002
    Lasker Award 1987
    Institute for Systems Biology (Founder & President, 2000-)
    Applied Biosystems Co-Founder (1981)
    Amgen Co-Founder (1980)
    American Association for the Advancement of Science
    American Physical Society
    Institute of Medicine
    National Academy of Engineering
    National Academy of Sciences
    National Cancer Institute Senior Investigator (1967-70)
    National Science Foundation Underwriting

Author of books:
Essential Concepts in Immunology (1978, with Irving L. Weissman and William Barry Wood)
Immunology (1984)
The Code of Codes: Scientific and Social Issues in the Human Genome Project (1992, with Daniel J. Kevles)

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