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Frédéric Joliot

Frédéric JoliotAKA Jean-Frédéric Joliot

Born: 19-Mar-1900
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: 14-Aug-1958
Location of death: Arcouest, France
Cause of death: Complications of Surgery
Remains: Buried, Sceaux Cemetery, Hauts-de-Seine, France

Gender: Male
Religion: Atheist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Physicist, Chemist

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Artificial radioactivity

Military service: French Army

French chemist Frédéric Joliot studied under Paul Langevin and Marie Curie, and married her daughter Irene Curie in 1926. Working as a team, Frédéric and Irène Joliot-Curie researched production of energy from nuclear fission, showed in 1932 that beryllium emits penetrating radiation when bombarded with alpha rays, and shared the 1935 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for their 1934 production of synthesized radioactive elements.

He was a leader with the French Resistance after the Nazi occupation of 1940, and cognizant of the dangers of nuclear chain reactions he and his wife ceased their nuclear research and had their papers sealed and smuggled to England until after the war. During the liberation of Paris, his laboratory served as a key weapons arsenal for allied forces. He was a co-founder of the French Atomic Energy Commission (FAEC) in 1946, and oversaw construction of France's first nuclear reactor in 1948. He served as the FAEC's High Commissioner until 1950, when he was forced out because of his peace and socialist activism, including his 1949 co-founding of the World Peace Council.

After his marriage, Joliot signed his papers Frédéric Joliot-Curie, though his unconventional merging of their names was frequently disregarded in the media. Their daughter Hélène Joliot-Curie married Michel Langevin, whose grandfather Paul Langevin had been Marie Curie's colleague and lover.

Father: Henri Joliot (shopkeeper)
Mother: Emilie Roederer
Wife: Irène Joliot-Curie (chemist, m. 9-Oct-1926)
Daughter: Hélène Joliot-Curie Langevin-Joliot (nuclear physicist, b. 19-Sep-1927)
Son: Pierre Joliot-Curie (biologist, b. 12-Mar-1932)

    High School: Lycée Lakanal, Sceaux, France
    University: DSc Engineering, École de Physique et de Chimie Industrielle (1930)
    Scholar: Curie Institute of Paris (1925-37)
    Teacher: École d'Électricité Industrielle Charliat (1930-35)
    Lecturer: University of Paris (1935-37)
    Professor: Collège de France (1937-58)
    Professor: University of Paris (1956-58)

    Matteucci Medal 1932 (with Irène Joliot-Curie)
    Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1935 (with Irène Joliot-Curie)
    Hughes Medal 1947
    Lenin Peace Prize 1951
    Croix de Guerre
    French Legion of Honor Commander
    Socialist International 1934
    International League for Human Rights 1936
    Communist Party France (1942)
    French Academy of Medicine 1943
    French Academy of Sciences 1944
    French Atomic Energy Commission Co-Founder, 1946
    French Atomic Energy Commission High Commissioner, 1946-50
    World Peace Council Co-Founder, 1949
    French Ancestry
    Lunar Crater Joliot (25.8° N 93.1° E, 164 km. diameter)
    Risk Factors: Hepatitis

Author of books:
Artificial Production of A New Kind of Radio-Element (1934, non-fiction; with Irène Joliot-Curie)
Selected Writings (1959, non-fiction; posthumous)
Complete Scientific Works (1961, non-fiction; with Irène Joliot-Curie; posthumous)

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