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Lucretia Mott

Lucretia MottAKA Lucretia Coffin

Born: 3-Jan-1793
Birthplace: Nantucket, MA
Died: 11-Nov-1880
Location of death: Abington, PA
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Fair Hill Burial Ground, Philadelphia, PA

Gender: Female
Religion: Quaker
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Activist

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Women's rights and anti-slavery advocate

American reformer, was born at Nantucket, Massachusetts, on the 3rd of January 1793. She was descended on her mother's side from Peter Folger, one of the first settlers of Nantucket, and the grandfather of Benjamin Franklin; her father's ancestors, also, were among the first settlers of Nantucket.

At thirteen she was sent to a Quaker boarding school, at Nine Partners, near Poughkeepsie, New York, where James Mott, who like her was of old Quaker stock and whom she married in 1811, was then a teacher. In 1810 James Mott entered the employ of Lucretia's father in Philadelphia, but the business was not successful and in 1817 Lucretia opened a small school under the care of the Pine Street Monthly Meeting, but gave it up a year afterwards and in the same year was recognized by the Friends as an "acknowledged minister."

Her husband had as early as 1822 espoused the cause of Elias Hicks against the "Orthodox" Friends, and in 1827, when the Society divided, Lucretia joined the Hicksites. Hicks's teachings on slavery had impressed both James and Lucretia; in 1830 James gave up a lucrative cotton commission business that he might not profit from the products of slave labor; and both took an active part in the campaign against slavery.

About 1840 Lucretia Mott also took up the cause of woman's rights. On lecturing tours she and her husband traveled as far west as Indiana and into Maryland and Virginia. In 1848 she addressed the Anti-Sabbath Convention in Boston, and with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, whom she had first met in London in 1840, called a convention "to discuss the social, civil and religious condition and rights of women", which met at Seneca Falls and passed a "Declaration of Sentiments" modeled on the Declaration of Independence. Her husband, who was prominent among the founders of Swarthmore College (1864), died in Brooklyn in 1868; and Lucretia died on the 11th of November 1880 near Philadelphia.

Husband: James Mott (teacher, b. 1788, m. 1811, d. 1868)

    Underground Railroad

Is the subject of books:
Valiant Friend: The Life of Lucretia Mott, 1980, BY: Margaret Hope Bacon

Author of books:
Discourse on Woman (1850, article)

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