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Henry M. Robert

AKA Henry Martyn Robert

Born: 2-May-1837
Birthplace: Robertville, SC
Died: 11-May-1923
Location of death: Hornell, NY
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, VA

Gender: Male
Religion: Baptist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Administrator, Military, Engineer

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Robert's Rules of Order

Military service: US Army Corps of Engineers (1857-1901, Brig. Gen.)

Active in civic and church groups, Brigadier General Henry M. Robert grew frustrated at meetings slowed down by interruptions and off-topic conversation. Unable to find a workable set of rules for meetings, he spent several years researching and writing his own rules. The first edition was self-published by Robert in 1876, and his Robert's Rules of Order remains the standard.

In his military career, Robert engaged in battle against Indians and Confederates, and in engineering he helped construct defenses against the British in the Pig War of 1859, Civil War defenses for Philadelphia Harbor and Washington DC, and a 17-foot sea wall protecting Galveston, Texas, after it was damaged by a 1900 tidal wave. He retired in 1901 as Chief of the US Army Corps of Engineers.

In 1940, seventeen years after his death, Robert's publisher presented his widow with the millionth copy of Robert's Rules of Order. His father, Joseph Thomas Robert, was a staunch abolitionist and served as the first President of the Augusta Institute, now known as Morehouse College, which was established to educate freed slaves.

Father: Joseph Thomas Robert (Baptist minister, b. 26-Nov-1807, d. 8-Sep-1830)
Mother: Adeline Elizabeth Lawton Robert (b. 10-Dec-1810, d. 6-Jun-1865)
Sister: Martha Amanda Robert (b. circa 1831)
Sister: Adeline Elizabeth Robert (b. circa 1832)
Brother: Joseph Thomas Robert Jr. (teacher, b. 1835, d. 1925)
Brother: James Robert (b. 1839, d. 1923)
Sister: Cordelia Eliza Robert (b. 1840)
Brother: George Robert (b. 1845, d. infancy)
Wife: Helen Marie Thresher Robert (b. Apr-1837, m. 24-Dec-1860, d. 10-Oct-1895, five children)
Daughter: Helen Robert (b. circa 1868)
Daughter: Mary Louisa Robert (b. circa 1870)
Daughter: Corinne Robert (b. circa 1872)
Son: Henry Martyn Robert, Jr. (mathematician, b. 1874, d. 1937)
Daughter: Portia Robert (b. circa 1876)
Wife: Isabel Livingstone Hoagland (b. circa 1840, m. 8-May-1901)

    University: US Military Academy, West Point (1857)
    Teacher: Philosophy, US Military Academy, West Point (1857-58)
    Teacher: Practical Engineering, US Military Academy, West Point (1865-66)

    Huguenot Ancestry
    Risk Factors: Malaria

Official Website:

Author of books:
Robert's Rules of Order (1876)
The Water-Jet as An Aid to Engineering Construction (1881)
Parliamentary Practice: An Introduction to Parliamentary Law (1921)
Parliamentary Law (1923)

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