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Auguste Lumière

Auguste LumièreAKA Auguste Marie Nicolas Lumière

Born: 19-Oct-1862
Birthplace: Besancon, France
Died: 10-Apr-1954
Location of death: Lyon, France
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Cimètiere de la Guillotière, Lyon, France

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Inventor, Scientist

Nationality: France
Executive summary: Co-Inventor of motion pictures

Auguste Lumière and his brother Louis Lumière invented a new machine to manufacture photographic gelatin dry-plates in 1882, which made them wealthy. They invented the Cinematograph, a machine which made and projected what were arguably the first modern-day motion pictures, in 1895. They made many movies over the next several years, most of which were a minute or less in length and consisted of one shot from a stationary camera, but Louis and Auguste Lumière's films established the basics of cinematography, camera-angle, composition, and directorial technique. Seeing little business future in the Cinematograph, they stopped making movies in 1901.

Lumière's primary interest was in medical matters, and he left the film shop in 1910, using the proceeds of the brothers' photography business to establish a large-scale research laboratory in Lyon. Over the last several decades of his life, Auguste Lumière was more famous for his medical research than for his work in motion pictures. He owned and operated the first x-ray machinery in France, and with his substantial albeit self-taught knowledge of chemistry and radiology he managed the radiology department at the famed Hôtel-Dieu de Lyon Hospital. He conducted investigations into cancer, pharmacology, senility, tuberculosis, and other medical matters, and wrote more than a dozen books documenting his research.

Father: Claude Antoine Lumière (artist/photographer, b. 13-Mar-1840, d. 15-Apr-1911)
Mother: Jeanne Joséphine Costille Lumière (b. 29-Jul-1841, m. 1861, d. 20-Dec-1915)
Brother: Louis Jean Lumière (inventor, b. 5-Oct-1864, d. 6-Jun-1948)
Sister: Jeanne Claudine Odette Lumière Koehler (b. 2-Apr-1870, d. 24-Oct-1926)
Sister: Juliette Lumière Winckler Gélibert (b. 30-Sep-1873, d. 25-Jan-1924)
Sister: Francine Lumière Winckler ("France", b. 18-Sep-1882, d. 3-May-1924)
Brother: Edouard Lumière (b. 18-Nov-1884, d. 17-Apr-1917 World War I)
Wife: Marie Euphrasie Marguerite Winckler Lumière (b. 13-Sep-1874, m. 31-Aug-1893, d. 25-Jun-1963, two children)
Daughter: Joséphine Léocadie Andrée Lumière (b. 22-Jun-1894, d. 26-Nov-1918)
Son: Henri Louis René Lumière (industrialist, b. 8-May-1897, d. 4-Oct-1971)

    High School: La Martinière Technical High School, Lyon, France (1878)

    French Legion of Honor
    Hollywood Walk of Fame 6320 Hollywood Blvd. (motion pictures)
    Royal Photographic Society
    French Ancestry
    Asteroid Namesake 775 Lumière (named for both brothers)

Author of books:
Résumé des Travaux Scientifiques de MM. Auguste et Louis Lumière (1914, memoir)
Ròle des colloides chez les êtres Vivants (1921, medical research)
Théorie Colloïdale de la Biologie & de la Pathologie (1922, medical research)
Le Problème de l'Anaphylaxie (1924, medical research)
Life, Illness, and Death: Colloidal Phenomena (1928, medical research)
Le Cancer: Maladie des Cicatrices (1929, medical research)
Tuberculose (1931, medical research)
Anaphylaxie (1932, medical research)
Sénilité et Rajeunissement (1932, medical research)
Tuberculosis: Infection-Heredity (1933, medical research)
Les Horizons de la Médecine (1937, medical research)
Les Slogans de la Médecine (1941, medical research)
La Recherche Scientifique (1948, medical research)
La Maladie: Cette Grande Inconnue (1949, medical research)
Cancer et le Secret de sa Genèse (1953, medical research)
Mes travaux et mes jours (My Work and My Life) (1953, memoir)
Correspondances of Auguste and Louis Lumière 1890-1953 (1994, letters; posthumous)

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