AKA Charles Edward Haden
Birthplace: Shenandoah, IA
Location of death: Los Angeles, CA
Cause of death: Illness
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Jazz Musician
Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Jazz bassist
Born into a music-centered family, Charlie Haden began performing country & western music both on tour and on the family's daily radio broadcasts at a very young age. At the age of 15 he contracted polio, which both prevented his participation in the family act and permanently ended his singing career. Switching to the upright bass, in 1957 Haden moved to Los Angeles and began playing jazz, eventually pairing up with pianist Paul Bley. It was through Bley that he first met Ornette Coleman; by 1959 he had followed Coleman to New York and joined The Ornette Coleman Quartet.
For a time in the early 60s, Charlie Haden's musical activity was brought to temporary halt by drug problems, but by 1964 he had returned to performing, joining up with Coleman again in 1966. In 1969 he collaborated with composer Carla Bley to create the Liberation Music Orchestra, a band whose music carried strong political themes -- and as a result incited conservative record company shareholders to attempt to prevent its release.
Throughout the 1980s, Haden particpated in numerous bands and collaborations, working with musicians as varied as composer Gavin Bryars, guitarist Pat Metheny, and trumpeter Chet Baker (participating in one of the final recording sessions prior to Baker's death in 1988). Also during the 80s he contributed to the creation of a jazz program for the music department at CalArts. Intermittently, he has reactivated the Liberation Music Orchestra, its most recent release being 1991's Dream Keeper. Haden has continued to be active throughout the 90s and 00s.
Wife: Ruth Cameron
Daughter: Petra Haden (triplet, musician, b. 11-Oct-1971)
Daughter: Rachel Haden (triplet, musician, b. 11-Oct-1971)
Daughter: Tanya Haden (triplet, musician, b. 11-Oct-1971)
Son: Josh Haden (musician)
The Ornette Coleman Quartet Bassist 1958-60;1966-72
Liberation Music Orchestra Bassist 1969-present
Grammy Best Jazz Instrumental Performance, Individual Or Group (with Pat Metheny) (1997)
Grammy Best Latin Jazz Album (2001)
Risk Factors: Polio
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