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Arthur Eddington

AKA Arthur Stanley Eddington

Born: 28-Dec-1882
Birthplace: Kendal, Westmorland, England
Died: 22-Nov-1944
Location of death: Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, England
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Ascension Parish Burial Ground, Cambridge, England

Gender: Male
Religion: Quaker
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Astronomer, Physicist

Nationality: England
Executive summary: Eddington luminosity

Sir Arthur Eddington investigated the evolution, internal structure, and motion of stars. Among the most famous astrophysicists of his time, he was the first scientist to present Albert Einstein's Theory of Relativity in English, and popularized it among both physicists and laymen. He calculated what is now called the Eddington luminosity or Eddington limit, theoretically the maximum radiation a star can emit without breaking up, and working with Frank W. Dyson in 1919, he confirmed that Einstein was correct in theorizing that light is bent by gravity. To amuse himself as a child, he counted the words in the Bible. He was a Quaker, a conscientious objector during World War I, and a lifelong bachelor and teetotaler. For decades he mistakenly dismissed Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar's theory of black holes as "stellar buffoonery."

Father: Arthur Henry Eddington (schoolmaster, d. 1884)
Mother: Sarah Ann Shout Eddington

    High School: Brymelyn School, Weston, England (1898)
    University: BS Physics, University of Manchester (1902)
    University: MA Mathematics, Cambridge University (1905)
    Scholar: Royal Observatory at Greenwich (1905-14)
    Teacher: Astronomy, Cambridge University (1907-13)
    Professor: Astronomy, Cambridge University (1913-44)
    Administrator: Director of Royal Observatory at Greenwich (1914-44)

    Order of Merit 1938
    Knight of the British Empire 1930
    Royal Medal 1928
    Bruce Medal 1924
    Henry Draper Medal 1924
    Royal Astronomical Society Gold Medal 1924
    International Astronomical Union President (1938-43)
    National Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Physical Society of London
    Royal Society 1915
    Royal Society of Edinburgh
    Royal Astronomical Society President (1921-23)
    Asteroid Namesake 2761 Eddington
    Lunar Crater Crater Eddington

Author of books:
Space, Time and Gravitation (1920)
Mathematical Theory of Relativity (1923)
The Internal Constitution of Stars (1926)
The Nature of the Physical World (1928)
Science and the Unseen World (1929)
Why I Believe in God: Science and Religion, as A Scientist Sees It (1930)
New Pathways of Science (1935)
The Philosophy of Physical Science (1939)
Fundamental Theory (1946, posthumous)

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