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Edward Barnard

AKA Edward Emerson Barnard

Born: 16-Dec-1857
Birthplace: Nashville, TN
Died: 16-Feb-1923
Location of death: Williams Bay, WI
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Mount Olivet Cemetery, Nashville, TN

Gender: Male
Religion: Baptist
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Astronomer

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Self-taught scientist

His father died before he was born, and Edward Barnard was raised in poverty as the Civil War raged in Tennessee. He had almost no formal schooling, and went to work as a photographer's apprentice when he was nine years old, but he had an intense fascination for the universe. Absent any formal training, he discovered numerous comets, eventually earning a scholarship to Vanderbilt University. In his first professional post at the Lick Observatory, he discovered Amalthea (Jupiter's fifth-known moon). He devised wide-field photographic techniques for studying the heavens, and in his career discovered sixteen comets and Barnard's Star, the closest star in the second-nearest star system.

Father: Reuben Barnard (d. 1857)
Mother: Elizabeth Jane Haywood Barnard (d. 1884)
Wife: Rhoda Calvert Barnard (m. 27-Jan-1881, d. May-1921)

    University: BA Astronomy, Vanderbilt University
    Scholar: Lick Observatory, University of California at Santa Cruz (1887-95)
    Professor: Yerkes Observatory, University of Chicago (1895-1923)

    Royal Astronomical Society Gold Medal 1897
    Bruce Medal 1917
    National Academy of Sciences
    Martian Crater Barnard

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