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George E. P. Box

AKA George Edward Pelham Box

Born: 18-Oct-1919
Birthplace: Gravesend, Kent, England
Died: 28-Mar-2013
Location of death: Madison, WI
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Mathematician

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: Statistician at University of Wisconsin

Military service: British Army Engineers (1942-45)

George Box first studied chemistry, then taught himself statistics from textbooks to better analyze the results of chemical weapons tests he conducted for England in World War II. In his long academic career, Box defined and refined statistical analysis, especially with regard to modeling and analysis of industrial experiments, improving robustness and modeling strategy, and building better statistical inference. He is widely credited with a line which has become almost axiomatic in statistics, "Essentially, all models are wrong, but some are useful." His wife was the daughter of statistician Ronald Fisher.

Father: Harry Box
Mother: Helen Martin Box
Brother: Jack
Wife: Joan Fisher Box (author, div.)
Daughter: Helen Elizabeth Box
Son: Harry Christopher Box
Wife: Claire Quist (until his death)

    University: University of London (attended)
    University: BS Statistics, University College London (1947)
    University: PhD Statistics, University of London (1953)
    Teacher: Statistics, University of North Carolina (1951-54)
    Scholar: Statistics, Princeton University (1957-60)
    Professor: Statistics, University of Wisconsin at Madison (1960-92)
    Professor: Statistics, Harvard Business School (1965-66)
    Professor: Statistics, University of Essex (1970-71)

    British Empire Medal 1946
    Silver Guy Medal 1964
    Shewhart Medal 1968
    Wilks Award 1972
    Gold Guy Medal 1993
    American Academy of Arts and Sciences
    American Society for Quality
    American Statistical Association
    Institute of Mathematical Statistics
    Royal Society
    Royal Statistical Society
    Imperial Chemical Industries (1947-57)
    Naturalized US Citizen
    English Ancestry

Author of books:
Bayesian Inference in Statistical Analysis (1973)
Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control (1979, with Gwilym Meirion Jenkins)
Collected Works of George E. P. Box (1985)
Statistics for Experimenters (1986, with William G. Hunter and J. Stuart Hunter)
Empirical Model-Building and Response Surfaces (1987)
Statistical Control (1997, with Alberto Luceno)
Evolutionary Operation (1998, with Norman R. Draper)
Box on Quality and Discovery with Design, Control and Robustness (2000)

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