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George W. Hill

AKA George William Hill

Born: 3-Mar-1838
Birthplace: New York City
Died: 16-Apr-1914
Location of death: West Nyack, NY
Cause of death: unspecified

Gender: Male
Race or Ethnicity: White
Occupation: Astronomer, Mathematician

Nationality: United States
Executive summary: A New Theorie of Jupiter and Saturn

Military service: US Navy (1859-61)

George W. Hill was one of his era's leading experts on celestial mechanics. The first astronomer to use infinite determinants to calculate the Moon's orbit, he is the namesake of Hill's equation, the second-order ordinary differential equation. Reclusive by nature, Hill never married, and taught for only three years late in his career, after retiring from the Navy's Nautical Almanac Office.

Father: John William Hill (artistic engraver)
Mother: Catherine Smith Hill

    High School: Clarkstown High School, West Nyack, NY (1855)
    University: BA Mathematics, Rutgers University (1859)
    Scholar: Nautical Almanac Office (1859-77)
    Administrator: Superintendent of Nautical Almanac Office (1877-92)
    Professor: Astronomy, Columbia University (1898-1901)

    Copley Medal 1909
    Bruce Medal 1909
    Accademia dei Lincei
    American Mathematical Society President (1894-96)
    French Academy of Sciences Corresponding Member
    National Academy of Sciences 1874
    Royal Astronomical Society
    Royal Society 1902
    Royal Society of Edinburgh 1908
    Russian Academy of Sciences Foreign Member
    Lunar Crater Crater Hill
    Asteroid Namesake 1642 Hill
    English Ancestry
    Huguenot Ancestry

Author of books:
A New Theorie of Jupiter and Saturn (1890)
The Collected Mathematical Works (1907, four volumes)

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