This is a beta version of NNDB
Search: for

Ion Antonescu

Ion AntonescuAKA Ion Victor Antonescu

Born: 15-Jun-1882
Birthplace: Pitesti, Romania
Died: 1-Jun-1946
Location of death: Bucharest, Romania
Cause of death: Execution [1]

Gender: Male
Religion: Christian
Race or Ethnicity: White
Sexual orientation: Straight
Occupation: Head of State

Nationality: Romania
Executive summary: Pro-Nazi dictator of Romania

Military service: Romanian Army (WWI)

After forcing King Carol II into exile, he appointed himself "Conducător" and soon allied himself with the Axis. In this role he retook lost portions of Romania and the city of Odessa (which he tried to rename to "Antonescu"), and participated in the invasion of Russia. When this invasion proved a disaster, Carol II's son, Mihail deposed Antonescu and handed him over to Soviet authorities. The postwar Communist government of Romania found him guilty of war crimes in 1946 and executed him. His rule saw the killing or deportation of over 300,000 Jews, mostly from newly occupied areas. To maintain Romania's economy, he permitted most of the Jews in "Old Romania" to live, and refused requests from Hitler to deport them. Antonescu provided more support to the Nazi war machine than all other Axis powers put together.

[1] Executed by firing squad at Fort Jilava Prison, near Bucharest.

Father: (military officer)
Mother: Lita Baranga
Mother: Frieda Cuperman (stepmother)
Wife: Rasela Mendel (Jewish, m. 1924, div. 1926, one child)
Wife: Maria Niculescu ("Rita", m. 1928)

    Military College: Romanian Military Academy (1911)
    Military College: École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr

    Prime Minister of Romania 4-Sep-1940 to 23-Aug-1944
    Romanian Minister Defense (1937-38)
    House Arrest Bistriţa Monastery (1940)
    Traveled to Nazi Germany 14-Jan-1941
    Traveled to Nazi Germany 10-Jun-1941
    Traveled to Nazi Germany Feb-1942
    Traveled to Nazi Germany Sep-1942
    Traveled to Nazi Germany Jan-1943
    Traveled to Nazi Germany Apr-1943
    Traveled to Nazi Germany Apr-1944
    Ousted in a Coup 23-Aug-1944
    Taken Prisoner of War by the Soviets (Sep-1944)
    Crimes Against Humanity
    War Crimes
    Shot: Firing Squad

Create a map starting with Ion Antonescu
Requires Flash 7+ and Javascript.

Do you know something we don't?
Submit a correction or make a comment about this profile

Copyright ©2019 Soylent Communications